James and Mary Ford, eds. Every Day in the Year. 1902.

March 15

The Death of Julius Cæsar

By William Shakespeare (1564–1616)

  • From Julius Cæsar, Act III. Scene 2.
  • Assassinated in Rome, March 15, 44 B.C. The following is the speech of Marc Antony to the Roman people.

  • FRIENDS, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears;

    I come to bury Cæsar, not to praise him.

    The evil that men do lives after them;

    The good is oft interred with their bones;

    So let it be with Cæsar. The noble Brutus

    Hath told you Cæsar was ambitious:

    If it were so, it was a grievous fault,

    And grievously hath Cæsar answer’d it.

    Here, under leave of Brutus and the rest—

    For Brutus is an honourable man;

    So are they all, all honourable men—

    Come I to speak in Cæsar’s funeral.

    He was my friend, faithful and just to me:

    But Brutus says he was ambitious;

    And Brutus is an honourable man.

    He hath brought many captives home to Rome,

    Whose ransoms did the general coffers fill:

    Did this in Cæsar seem ambitious?

    When that the poor have cried, Cæsar hath wept:

    Ambition should be made of sterner stuff:

    Yet Brutus says he was ambitious;

    And Brutus is an honourable man.

    You all did see that on the Lupercal

    I thrice presented him a kingly crown,

    Which he did thrice refuse: was this ambition?

    Yet Brutus says he was ambitious;

    And, sure, he is an honourable man.

    I speak not to disprove what Brutus spoke,

    But here I am to speak what I do know.

    You all did love him once, not without cause:

    What cause withholds you then, to mourn for him?

    O judgment! thou art fled to brutish beasts,

    And men have lost their reason. Bear with me;

    My heart is in the coffin there with Cæsar,

    And I must pause till it come back to me.


    But yesterday the word of Cæsar might

    Have stood against the world; now lies he there,

    And none so poor to do him reverence.

    O masters, if I were disposed to stir

    Your hearts and minds to mutiny and rage,

    I should do Brutus wrong, and Cassius wrong,

    Who, you all know, are honourable men:

    I will not do them wrong; I rather choose

    To wrong the dead, to wrong myself and you,

    Than I will wrong such honorable men.

    But here’s a parchment with the seal of Cæsar;

    I found it in his closet, ’tis his will:

    Let but the commons hear this testament—

    Which, pardon me, I do not mean to read—

    And they would go and kiss dead Cæsar’s wounds

    And dip their napkins in his sacred blood,

    Yea, beg a hair of him for memory,

    And, dying, mention it within their wills,

    Bequeathing it as a rich legacy

    Unto their issue.


    Have patience, gentle friends, I must not read it;

    It is not meet you know how Cæsar loved you.

    You are not wood, you are not stones, but men;

    And, being men, hearing the will of Cæsar,

    It will inflame you, it will make you mad:

    ’Tis good you know not that you are his heirs;

    For, if you should, O, what would come of it!


    You will compel me then to read the will?

    Then make a ring about the corpse of Cæsar,

    And let me show you him that made the will.

    Shall I descend? and will you give me leave?


    If you have tears, prepare to shed them now.

    You all do know this mantle: I remember

    The first time ever Cæsar put it on;

    ’Twas on a summer’s evening, in his tent,

    That day he overcame the Nervii:

    Look, in this place ran Cassius’ dagger through:

    See what a rent the envious Casca made:

    Through this the well-beloved Brutus stabb’d;

    And as he pluck’d his cursed steel away,

    Mark how the blood of Cæsar follow’d it,

    As rushing out of doors, to be resolved

    If Brutus so unkindly knock’d, or no;

    For Brutus, as you know, was Cæsar’s angel:

    Judge, O you gods, how dearly Cæsar loved him!

    This was the most unkindest cut of all;

    For when the noble Cæsar saw him stab,

    Ingratitude, more strong than traitors’ arms,

    Quite vanquish’d him: then burst his mighty heart;

    And, in his mantle muffling up his face,

    Even at the base of Pompey’s statue,

    Which all the while ran blood, great Cæsar fell.

    O, what a fall was there, my countrymen!

    Then I, and you, and all of us fell down,

    Whilst bloody treason flourish’d over us.

    O, now you weep; and, I perceive, you feel

    The dint of pity: these are gracious drops.

    Kind souls, what, weep you when you but behold

    Our Cæsar’s vesture wounded? Look you here,

    Here is himself, marr’d, as you see, with traitors.