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Léon Gambetta

Born in 1838, died in 1882; elected to the Corps Legislatif in 1869; after Sedan aided in the proclamation of the Republic, becoming Minister of the Interior; aided in organizing the national defenses, and escaped from Paris in a balloon while the city was invested by the Germans, acquiring almost a dictator’s position until the capitulation of Paris; President of the Chamber of Deputies in 1879, and Prime Minister in 1881.