James Ford Rhodes (1848–1927). History of the Civil War, 1861–1865. 1917.

Page 300

  number of volunteers were not obtained he might order a draft. 1  20   Congress furnished the President money by increasing the imposts, by a comprehensive act of internal taxation and by the authorization of loans. 2  21   The growing dislike of military service and the greater rewards at home for labor and business ability were constantly making it more difficult to get a sufficient number of the proper kind of men. Congress, the President and the War Department did fairly well, on the whole—as well perhaps as could be expected in a democracy where every man had an opinion and a vote and at a time when the coming presidential election in the autumn might not be lost sight of; but the results fell far short of what would have been obtained had the Prussian system been possible. Nevertheless the conscription went on with “few, if any, disturbances of the peace,” “the people having learned to look upon the draft as a military necessity.” The government, the States, the counties and other political divisions were munificent in their offers of bounties, of which a salient example is seen in the advertisement of the New York County Volunteer committee: “30,000 volunteers wanted. The following are the pecuniary inducements offered: County bounty, cash down $300; State bounty, $75; United States bounty to new recruits $302; additional to veteran soldiers $100,” making totals respectively of $677
Note 1. The following were the calls, one of which was made before the Act of February 24: [back]
Note 2. IV, 428. [back]