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C.D. Warner, et al., comp.
The Library of the World’s Best Literature. An Anthology in Thirty Volumes. 1917.

Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913)

Wallace, Alfred Russel. A celebrated English naturalist; born at Usk in Monmouthshire, Jan. 8, 1823; died on Nov. 7, 1913. He traveled in Brazil, exploring the Amazon and its tributaries (1848–52), and on his return to England published ‘Travels on the Amazon and Rio Negro’ (1853). He then visited the Malay archipelago, where he spent nearly eight years. One of the fruits of his researches there was the paper ‘On the Tendencies of Varieties to Depart Indefinitely from the Original Type,’ which was published almost simultaneously with Darwin’s first announcement of his theory of natural selection. ‘The Malay Archipelago,’ 2 vols., was published 1869. He wrote also ‘On the Geographical Distribution of Animals’ (2 vols., 1876); ‘Tropical Nature’ (1878); ‘Darwinism: An Exposition of the Theory of Natural Selection’ (1889). He is author also of ‘Miracles and Modern Spiritualism’ (1875); ‘Land Nationalization: Its necessity and Aims’ (1882); ‘Darwinism’; ‘My Life’ (1905). (See Critical and Biographical Introduction).