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C.D. Warner, et al., comp.
The Library of the World’s Best Literature. An Anthology in Thirty Volumes. 1917.

Armand Jean du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu (1585–1642)

Richelieu, Armand-Jean du Plessis (rēsh-lyė’). The French duke and cardinal, and statesman; born in Paris, Sept. 5, 1585; died there, Dec. 4, 1642. As prime minister of France he exercised a great influence upon its history, externally and internally, and took great interest in literature and art, enlarging the Sorbonne and the royal library, and giving encouragement to scholars, poets, and artists. He dabbled in literature himself to some extent, writing ‘Miriam’ and ‘The Great Pastoral.’ His ‘Letters, Diplomatic Instructions,’ etc., were edited by Avenel (1853–68). Other works credited to him are of doubtful authenticity.