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C.D. Warner, et al., comp.
The Library of the World’s Best Literature. An Anthology in Thirty Volumes. 1917.

Friedrich Hölderlin (1770–1843)

Hölderlin, Friedrich (hėl’der-lin). A German poet; born in Lauffenam-Neckar, March 20, 1770; died at Tübingen, June 7, 1843. He was a profound Greek scholar, and an instructor at Jena, afterwards private tutor. He was intimate with Goethe, Herder, and Schiller, the latter of whom influenced him strongly. ‘Hyperion, or the Hermit in Greece’ (1797) is a brilliant story in epistolary form; ‘Empedocles’ an unfinished drama; and ‘Emily before her Bridal Day,’ a prose idyl. His translations of the ‘Antigone’ and ‘Œdipus’ are powerful, and faithful to the Hellenic spirit. Other works are: ‘German Men and Women,’ a series of studies; and several volumes of ‘Poems.’