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The Library of the World’s Best Literature. An Anthology in Thirty Volumes. 1917.

Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling (1775–1854)

Schelling, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von (shel’ling). A celebrated German thinker, one of the four chief metaphysical philosophers of Germany; born at Leonberg, Würtemberg, Jan. 27, 1775; died at the Ragaz baths, Switzerland, Aug. 20, 1854. His system was at first one of idealistic pantheism, akin to those of Fichte and Hegel; later his views were interpreted as furnishing a philosophic basis for Christianity. He had high poetic gifts. His works include: ‘On the Possibility of a Form of Philosophy’ (1794); ‘On the Ego as the Principle of Philosophy’ (1795); ‘Ideas for a Philosophy of Nature’ (1797); ‘On the Soul of the World’ (1798); ‘First Sketch of a System of the Philosophy of Nature’ (1799); ‘System of Transcendental Idealism’ (1800); ‘Bruno; or, The Divine and Natural Principle of Things’ (1802); ‘Philosophy and Religion’ (1804); ‘On the Relation of Art to Nature’ (1807); ‘Philosophic Researches on the Essence of Human Liberty’ (1809). Four posthumous volumes are of great importance: ‘Introduction to the Philosophy of Mythology’ (1856); ‘Philosophy of Mythology’ (1857); ‘Philosophy of Revelation,’ in two divisions, each separately published in 1858.