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C.D. Warner, et al., comp.
The Library of the World’s Best Literature. An Anthology in Thirty Volumes. 1917.

Philolaus (Fifth Century B.C.)

Philolaus (fil-o-lā’us). A Greek Pythagorean philosopher, native of Magna Græcia; contemporary with Socrates. Only fragments of his writings have come down to us. He was the first to commit to writing the doctrines of Pythagoras. He taught the doctrine of the earth’s motion; that the sphere of the fixed stars, the five planets, and the sun, moon, and earth, move round the “central fire,” which is the “hearth of the universe.”