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C.D. Warner, et al., comp. The Library of the World’s Best Literature.
An Anthology in Thirty Volumes. 1917.

Ode to the Pious Memory of the Accomplished Young Lady Mrs. Anne Killigrew

By John Dryden (1631–1700)

Excellent in the Two Sister Arts of Poesy and Painting

THOU youngest virgin daughter of the skies,

Made in the last promotion of the blest;

Whose palms, new-plucked from Paradise,

In spreading branches more sublimely rise,

Rich with immortal green above the rest:

Whether, adopted to some neighboring star,

Thou roll’st above us in thy wandering race,

Or in procession fixed and regular

Moved with the heaven’s majestic pace,

Or called to more superior bliss,

Thou tread’st with seraphims the vast abyss:

Whatever happy region be thy place,

Cease thy celestial song a little space;

Thou wilt have time enough for hymns divine,

Since Heaven’s eternal year is thine.

Hear then a mortal Muse thy praise rehearse

In no ignoble verse,

But such as thy own voice did practice here,

When thy first fruits of poesy were given,

To make thyself a welcome inmate there;

While yet a young probationer,

And candidate of Heaven.

If by traduction came thy mind,

Our wonder is the less to find

A soul so charming from a stock so good;

Thy father was transfused into thy blood:

So wert thou born into the tuneful strain

(An early, rich, and inexhausted vein).

But if thy pre-existing soul

Was formed at first with myriads more,

It did through all the mighty poets roll

Who Greek or Latin laurels wore,

And was that Sappho last, which once it was before.

If so, then cease thy flight, O heaven-born mind!

Thou hast no dross to purge from thy rich ore:

Nor can thy soul a fairer mansion find

Than was the beauteous frame she left behind:

Return, to fill or mend the quire of thy celestial kind.

May we presume to say that at thy birth

New joy was sprung in heaven, as well as here on earth?

For sure the milder planets did combine

On thy auspicious horoscope to shine,

And even the most malicious were in trine.

Thy brother angels at thy birth

Strung each his lyre, and tuned it high,

That all the people of the sky

Might know a poetess was born on earth;

And then, if ever, mortal ears

Had heard the music of the spheres.

And if no clustering swarm of bees

On thy sweet mouth distilled their golden dew,

’Twas that such vulgar miracles

Heaven had not leisure to renew:

For all the blest fraternity of love

Solemnized there thy birth, and kept thy holiday above.

O gracious God! how far have we

Profaned thy heavenly gift of Poesy!

Made prostitute and profligate the Muse,

Debased to each obscene and impious use,

Whose harmony was first ordained above,

For tongues of angels and for hymns of love!

Oh wretched we! why were we hurried down

This lubric and adulterate age,

(Nay, added fat pollutions of our own,)

To increase the steaming ordures of the stage?

What can we say to excuse our second fall?

Let this thy Vestal, Heaven, atone for all:

Her Arethusian stream remains unsoiled,

Unmixed with foreign filth and undefiled;

Her wit was more than man, her innocence a child.

Art she had none, yet wanted none,

For Nature did that want supply:

So rich in treasures of her own,

She might our boasted stores defy:

Such noble vigor did her verse adorn

That it seemed borrowed, where ’twas only born.

Her morals too were in her bosom bred,

By great examples daily fed,

What in the best of books, her father’s life, she read.

And to be read herself she need not fear;

Each test and every light her Muse will bear,

Though Epictetus with his lamp were there.

Even love (for love sometimes her Muse exprest)

Was but a lambent flame which played about her breast;

Light as the vapors of a morning dream,

So cold herself, whilst she such warmth exprest,

’Twas Cupid bathing in Diana’s stream.

Born to the spacious empire of the Nine,

One would have thought she should have been content

To manage well that mighty government;

But what can young ambitious souls confine?

To the next realm she stretched her sway,

For Painture near adjoining lay,

A plenteous province and alluring prey.

A Chamber of Dependences was framed,

As conquerors will never want pretense,

(When armed to justify the offense,)

And the whole fief in right of Poetry she claimed.

The country open lay without defense;

For poets frequent inroads there had made,

And perfectly could represent

The shape, the face, with every lineament,

And all the large demains which the dumb Sister swayed;

All bowed beneath her government,

Received in triumph wheresoe’er she went.

Her pencil drew whate’er her soul designed,

And oft the happy draught surpassed the image in her mind;

The sylvan scenes of herds and flocks

And fruitful plains and barren rocks;

Of shallow brooks that flowed so clear,

The bottom did the top appear;

Of deeper too and ampler floods

Which, as in mirrors, showed the woods;

Of lofty trees, with sacred shades

And perspectives of pleasant glades,

Where nymphs of brightest form appear,

And shaggy satyrs standing near,

Which them at once admire and fear.

The ruins too of some majestic piece,

Boasting the power of ancient Rome or Greece,

Whose statues, friezes, columns, broken lie,

And, though defaced, the wonder of the eye;

What nature, art, bold fiction, e’er durst frame,

Her forming hand gave feature to the name.

So strange a concourse ne’er was seen before,

But when the peopled Ark the whole creation bore.

The scene then changed; with bold erected look

Our martial King the sight with reverence strook:

For, not content to express his outward part,

Her hand called out the image of his heart:

His warlike mind, his soul devoid of fear,

His high-designing thoughts were figured there,

As when by magic ghosts are made appear.

Our phœnix Queen was portrayed too so bright

Beauty alone could beauty take so right:

Her dress, her shape, her matchless grace,

Were all observed, as well as heavenly face.

With such a peerless majesty she stands,

As in that day she took the crown from sacred hands;

Before a train of heroines was seen,

In beauty foremost, as in rank the Queen.

Thus nothing to her genius was denied,

But like a ball of fire, the farther thrown,

Still with a greater blaze she shone,

And her bright soul broke out on every side.

What next she had designed, Heaven only knows:

To such immoderate growth her conquest rose

That Fate alone its progress could oppose.

Now all those charms, that blooming grace,

The well-proportioned shape and beauteous face,

Shall never more be seen by mortal eyes;

In earth the much-lamented virgin lies.

Not wit nor piety could Fate prevent;

Nor was the cruel Destiny content

To finish all the murder at a blow,

To sweep at once her life and beauty too;

But, like a hardened felon, took a pride

To work more mischievously slow,

And plundered first, and then destroyed.

O double sacrilege on things divine,

To rob the relic, and deface the shrine!

But thus Orinda died:

Heaven by the same disease did both translate;

As equal were their souls, so equal was their fate.

Meantime, her warlike brother on the seas

His waving streamers to the winds displays,

And vows for his return with vain devotion pays.

Ah, generous youth! that wish forbear,

The winds too soon will waft thee here!

Slack all thy sails, and fear to come;

Alas! thou knowest not, thou art wrecked at home.

No more shalt thou behold thy sister’s face;

Thou hast already had her last embrace.

But look aloft, and if thou ken’st from far,

Among the Pleiads, a new-kindled star,

If any sparkles than the rest more bright,

’Tis she that shines in that propitious light.

When in mid-air the golden trump shall sound

To raise the nations under ground;

When in the Valley of Jehoshaphat

The judging God shall close the book of Fate,

And there the last assizes keep

For those who wake and those who sleep;

When rattling bones together fly

From the four corners of the sky;

When sinews o’er the skeletons are spread,

Those clothed with flesh, and life inspires the dead;

The sacred poets first shall hear the sound,

And foremost from the tomb shall bound,

For they are covered with the lightest ground;

And straight, with inborn vigor, on the wing,

Like mounting larks, to the new morning sing.

There thou, sweet saint, before the quire shalt go,

As harbinger of Heaven, the way to show,

The way which thou so well hast learned below.