Mawson, C.O.S., ed. (1870–1938). Roget’s International Thesaurus. 1922.

Class V. Words Releasing to the Voluntary Powers
Division (II) Intersocial Volition
Section IV. Possessive Relations
4. Monetary Relations

804. Poverty.

   NOUN:POVERTY, indigence, penury, pauperism, destitution, want; need, neediness; lack, necessity, privation, distress, difficulties, wolf at the door.
  STRAITS; bad -, poor -, needy -, embarrassed -, reduced -, straightened- circumstances; slender -, narrow- means; hand-to-mouth existence, res angusta domi [L.], low water [slang, U. S.], impecuniosity.
  MENDICITY, beggary, mendicancy; broken -, loss of- fortune; insolvency (nonpayment) [See Nonpayment].
  empty -purse, – pocket; light purse; “a beggarly account of empty boxes” [Romeo and Juliet].
  POOR MAN, pauper, mumper, mendicant, beggar, starveling; pauvre diable [F.], fakir or fakeer [India], sunyasi [India], schnorrer [Yiddish].
   VERB:BE POOR &c. adj.; want, lack, starve, live from hand to mouth, have seen better days, go down in the world, come upon the parish; go to -the dogs, – the almshouse, – the poorhouse, – rack and ruin; not have a -penny (money) [See Money], – shot in one’s locker; beg one’s bread, – from door to door; tirer le diable par la queue [F.]; run into debt (debt) [See Debt].
  RENDER POOR &c. adj.; impoverish; reduce, – to poverty; pauperize, fleece, ruin, bring on the parish.
   ADJECTIVE:POOR, indigent; poverty-stricken; badly -, poorly -, ill- off; poor as -a rat, – a church mouse, – Job, – Job’s turkey [colloq.]; fortuneless, dowerless, moneyless, penniless; unportioned, unmoneyed; impecunious; out -, short- of -money, – cash; without -, not- worth- a rap (money) [See Money]; qui n’a pas le sou [F.], out of pocket, hard up; out at -elbows, – heels; seedy [colloq.], in rags, barefooted; beggarly, beggared, destitute; fleeced, stripped; bereft, bereaved; reduced.
  IN WANT &c. n.; needy, necessitous, distressed, pinched, straitened; put to one’s -shifts, – last shifts; unable to -keep the wolf from the door, – make both ends meet; embarrassed, under hatches; involved (in debt) [See Debt]; insolvent (not paying) [See Nonpayment].
   ADVERB:in formâ pauperis [L.].
  1. Zonam perdidit.
  2. A penniless lass wi’ a lang pedigree.—Lady Nairne
  3. À pobreza no hay vergüenza.
  4. He that is down can fall no lower.—Butler
  5. Poca roba poco pensiero.
  6. Steep’d … in poverty to the very lips.—Othello
  7. The short and simple annals of the poor.—Gray
  8. The beggarly last doit.—Cowper
  9. I am as poor as Job, my lord, but not so patient.—II Henry IV
  10. I only ask that Fortune send A little more than I can spend.—Holmes
  11. I enjoyed the immunities of impecuniosity with the opportunities of a millionaire.—Shaw