Mawson, C.O.S., ed. (1870–1938). Roget’s International Thesaurus. 1922.

Class VI. Words Relating to the Sentient and Moral Powers
Section IV. Moral Affections
5. Institutions

972. Punishment.

   NOUN:PUNISHMENT, punition, chastisement, chastening, correction, castigation; discipline, infliction, trial; judgment; penalty [See Penalty]; retribution; thunderbolt, Nemesis, Eumenides, the Furies; requital (reward) [See Reward]; retributive justice; penology.
  [FORMS OF PUNISHMENT] lash, scaffold &c. (instrument of punishment) [See Scourge]; imprisonment (restraint) [See Restraint]; transportation, banishment, expulsion, exile, involuntary exile, ostracism; penal servitude, hard labor; galleys [See Scourge]; beating &c. v.; flagellation, fustigation, cudgeling, gantlet, strappado, estrapade, bastinado, argumentum baculinum [L.], stick law, rap on the knuckles, box on the ear; blow (impulse) [See Impulse]; stripe, cuff, kick, buffet, pummel; slap, – in the face; wipe [dial. or slang], douse or dowse [rare]; torture, rack; rail-riding, scarpines; picket [obs.], picketing; dragonnade.
  CAPITAL PUNISHMENT, execution; hanging, shooting &c. v.; electrocution, decapitation, decollation, dismemberment; strangling, strangulation, garrote or garrotte; crucifixion, impalement; martyrdom, auto-da-fé (pl. autos-da-fé) [Pg.], auto-de-fe [Sp.], noyade [F.], harakiri [Jap.], seppuku [Jap.], happy dispatch [jocular], lethal chamber, hemlock.
   VERB:PUNISH, chastise, chasten, castigate, correct, inflict punishment, administer correction, deal retributive justice; tar and feather; masthead, keelhaul.
  visit upon, pay; pay out [colloq.], serve out [colloq.], settle, settle with, do for [colloq.], get even with, get one’s own back [slang], make short work of, give a lesson to, serve one right, make an example of; have a rod in pickle for; give it to, give it one [both colloq.].
  STRIKE [See Impulse]; deal a blow to, administer the lash, smite; slap, – the face; smack, cuff, box the ears, spank, thwack, thump, beat, lay on, swinge, buffet; thresh, thrash, pummel, drub, leather [colloq. or slang], trounce, baste, belabor; lace, – one’s jacket; dress, dress down, give a dressing, trim [colloq.], warm [colloq. & dial.], warm one’s jacket [colloq.], wipe [dial. or slang], tund [obs.], cob [dial., Eng.], bang, strap, comb [humorous], lick, larrup [both colloq.], wallop [Scot., dial. Eng. & colloq., U. S]., cowhide, lambaste [slang], lash, whop [obs.], flog, scourge, whip, birch, cane, give the stick, switch, flagellate, horsewhip, bastinado, towel [slang or dial. Eng.], rub down with an oaken towel [slang], ribroast [slang], dust one’s jacket [colloq. or slang], fustigate, pitch into [colloq.], lay about one, beat black and blue; beat to a -mummy, – jelly; give a black eye; hit on the head, crack on the bean [slang], sandbag, blackjack, put away [slang]; pelt, stone, lapidate.
  EXECUTE; bring to the -block, – gallows; behead, decapitate, decollate, guillotine; hang, turn off [slang], gibbet, bowstring, dismember, hang draw and quarter; shoot; burn; break on the wheel, crucify; impale or empale, flay; lynch; electrocute.
  TORTURE, agonize, rack, put on (or to) the rack, martyr, martyrize, picket [obs. or hist.]; prolong the agony, kill by inches.
  BANISH, exile, transport, deport, expel, ostracize; rusticate; drum out; dismiss, disbar, disbench [Eng. law]; strike off the roll, unfrock; post.
  SUFFER, suffer for, suffer punishment; be flogged, be hanged &c.; come to the gallows, dance upon nothing [ironical], die in one’s shoes; be rightly served.
   ADJECTIVE:PUNISHING &c. v.; penal, punitory, punitive, inflictive, castigatory; punished &c. v.
   INTERJECTION:à la lanterne! [F.].    QUOTATIONS:
  1. Culpam pæna premit comes.—Horace
  2. Eating the bitter bread of banishment.—Richard II
  3. Gravis ira regum est semper.—Seneca
  4. Sera tamen tacitis pæna venit pedibus.—Tibullus
  5. Suo sibi gladio hunc jugulo.—Terence
  6. Thou shalt be whipp’d with wire, and stewed in brine, Smarting in ling’ring pickle.—Antony and Cleopatra
  7. Back to thy punishment, False fugitive, and to thy speed add wings.—Paradise Lost