Home  »  Roget’s International Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases  »  979. Mythic and pagan deities.

Mawson, C.O.S., ed. (1870–1938). Roget’s International Thesaurus. 1922.

Class VI. Words Relating to the Sentient and Moral Powers
Section V. Religious Affections
1. Superhuman Beings and Regions

979. Mythic and pagan deities.

   NOUN:GOD, goddess; deus [L.], dea [L.]; deva (fem. devi) [“the shining ones,” Skr.]; heathen gods and goddesses; pantheon; theogony.
  [GREEK AND LATIN] Zeus, Jupiter or Jove (King); Apollon, Apollo (the sun); Ares, Mars (war); Hermes, Mercury (messenger); Poseidon, Neptune (ocean); Hephaistos, Vulcan (smith); Dionysus, Bacchus (wine); Pluton or Hades [Gr.], Pluto or Dis [L.] (King of the lower world); Kronos, Saturn (time); Eros, Cupid (love); Pan, Faunus (flocks, herds, forests, and wild life).
  Hera, Juno (Queen); Demeter, Ceres (fruitfulness); Persephone, Proserpina or Proserpine (Queen of the lower world); Artemis, Diana (the moon and hunting); Athena, Minerva (wisdom); Aphrodite, Venus (love and beauty); Hestia, Vesta (the hearth); Rhea or Cybele (“Mother of the gods,” identified with Ops, wife of Saturn); Gæa or Ge, Tellus (earth goddess, mother of the Titans).
  [NORSE] Ymir (primeval giant), Reimthursen (frost giants), Bori (fashioner of the world), Bor (father of Odin), Odin or Woden (the All-father, = Zeus); the Æsir or Asas; Thor (the Thunderer), Balder or Baldr ( = Apollo), Freyr (fruitfulness), Tyr or Tyrr (war), Bragi (poetry and eloquence), Höder or Hödr (blind god of the winter), Heimdall (warder of Asgard), Vidar ( = Pan), Uller or Ullr (the chase), Forseti (peacemaker), Vali (knowledge and eternal light), Loki (evil).
  the Vanir or Vans: Njorth or Njord (the winds and the sea), Frey or Freyr (prosperity and love), Freya or Freyja (goddess of love and beauty, = Venus).
  Frigg or Frigga (wife of Odin), Hel (goddess of death, = Persephone), Sif (wife of Thor), Nanna (wife of Balder), Idun (goddess of spring, wife of Bragi), Sigyn (wife of Loki).
  [HINDU] VEDIC GODS: Dyaus (the Heaven), Indra (cloud-compeller), Varuna (the sky, also the waters), Surya (the sun, = Gr. Helios), Savitar (“The Inciter,” a sun god), Soma (the sus ainer), Agni (fire), Vayu (the winds), the Marutas (storm gods), Ushas (“the Dawn,” goddess of wisdom).
  BRAHMANIC GODS: Brahmâ, Vishnu, Siva or Shiva (Brahmanism) [See Deity]; avatars of Vishnu: (1) Matsya, the fish; (2) Karma, the turtle; (3) Varah, the boar; (4) Narsinh, manlion; (5) Vaman, the dwarf; (6) Parshuram, a Brahman; (7) Rama; (8) Krishna; (9) Buddha; (10) Kalki; Jagannath or Juggernaut (Krishna); Ganesha or Ganpati (wisdom), Hanuman (monkey god), Yama (judge of the dead).
  Sarasvati (sakti or wife of Brahmâ goddess of poetry, wisdom, and fine art), Lakshmi (wife of Vishnu; goddess of wealth and prosperity), Durga or Kali (wife of Siva, conceived as a malignant deity); Devi (“the goddess”) or Uma (“light”) or Gauri (“the brilliant”) or Parvati (“the mountaineer,” wife of Siva, conceived as a beneficent deity).
  [EGYPTIAN] Ra or Amun-Ra (the sun god), Neph or Nef (spirit or breath), Pthah (demiurge), Khem (reproduction), Mut or Maut ( = Gr. Demeter), Osiris (judge of the dead), Isis (wife of Osiris), Horus (the morning sun; son of Osiris and Isis), Anubis (jackal-god, brother of Horus, a conductor of the dead), Nephthys (sister of Isis) Set (evil dei y, brother of Osiris), Thoth (c erk of the under world), Bast or Bubastis (a goddess wi h head of a cat), the Sphinx (wisdom).
  [VARIOUS] Baal (Heb. pl. Baalim) [Semitic]; Astarte or Ashtoreth (goddess of fertility and love) [Phænician]; Bel [Babylonian]; The Great Spirit [N. Amer Indian]; Mumbo Jumbo [Sudanese Negroes, an idol or bugaboo].
  NYMPH, dryad, hamadryad, alseid, wood nymph; naiad, fresh-water nymph; oread, mountain nymph; nereid, sea nymph; limoniad or leimoniad, meadow nymph or flower nymph; Oceanid, ocean nymph; napæa, glen nymph; potamid, river nymph; Pleiades or Atlantides, Hyades, Dodonides.
  FAIRY, fay, sprite or spright [archaic]; nix (fem. nixie), water sprite; the Good Folk, brownie or browny, pixy, elf (pl. elves), banshee or banshie; the Fates or Mæræ, Clotho (Spinner), Lachesis (Disposer of Lots), Atropos (Inflexible One); gnome, kelpie; faun; peri, nis, kobold, sylph, sylphid; undine, sea maid, sea nymph, mermaid (masc. merman); Mab, Oberon, Titania, Ariel; Puck, Robin Goodfellow, Hobgoblin; Leprechaun; denizens of the air; afreet &c. (bad spirit) [See Evil Spirits].
  FAMILIAR SPIRIT, familiar, genius, guide, good genius, tutelary genius, daimon, demon or dæmon, guardian.
  MYTHOLOGY, mythical lore, heathen mythology, folklore, fairyism, fairy mythology.
   ADJECTIVE:MYTHICAL, mythic, mythological, fabulous, legendary [See Imagination].
  FAIRYLIKE, sylphlike, sylphine, sylphish, sylphidine; elfin, elflike, elfish, nymphlike.
  1. Where’er he moves, the goddess shone before.—Homer—Pope’s trans.
  2. Speak of the gods as they are.—Bias
  3. You moonshine revelers and shades of night.—Merry Wives
  4. Where the bee sucks, there suck I; In a cowslip’s bell I lie.—Tempest
  5. Aërial spirits, by great Jove designed To be on earth the guardians of mankind.—Hesiod