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X. English Scholars of Paris and Franciscans of Oxford

§ 10. Joannes de Garlandia

Joannes de Garlandia, who studied at Oxford and Paris (1204), was an Englishman by birth, but regarded France as the land of his adoption. His two principal poems, De Mysteriis and De Triumphis Ecclesiae, are earlier than 1252. His Ars Rhythmica quotes whole poems as examples of the rules of rhythm. His prose works include three Vocabularies, one of which, with its interlinear French glosses and its reference to the tricks played by Parisian glovers on inexperienced students, was clearly written for use in the university of Paris.

Later in the same century, a chaplain of Eleanor of Provence, queen of Henry III, named John Hoveden (d. 1275), wrote a number of poems in riming quatrains. The longest of these consists of nearly 4000 lines of meditation on the life of Christ. This was translated into French. His most popular poem, that beginning with the line Philomela, praevia temporis amoeni, was translated into German and Spanish and, about 1460, into English.