The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
Volume IV. Prose and Poetry: Sir Thomas North to Michael Drayton.

II. Secular Influences on the Early English Drama


A bibliography of this subject is given by Chambers, vol. I, pp. xiii–xlii, and the bibliographical notes which appear at the head of nearly every chapter of his work will be found invaluable. The bibliography that follows represents an attempt to select only what is essential. Among the Dramatic and General Literary Histories enumerated above special attention should be directed to Chambers, the standard authority on this subject; for the relations with France see, also, Du Méril (Période Primitive) and in vols. I and II of Petit de Julleville: Les Comédiens en France au Moyen Âge; La Comédie et les Moeurs en France au Moyen Âge. Paris, 1885 and 1886.


Bédier, J. Les Fabliaux: Études de Littérature populaire et d’Histoire littéraire du Moyen Âge. 2nd ed. Paris, 1895.

Chambers, E. K. and Sidgwick, F. Early English Lyrics. 1907.

Chappell, W. Old English Popular Music. Ed. Wooldridge, H. E. 1893.

Dill, S. Roman Society in the last Century of the Western Empire. 2nd ed. 1899.

Freymond, E. Jongleurs und Menestrals. Halle, 1883.

Gautier, L. Les Épopées françaises. 4 vols. 2nd ed. Paris, 1872–82.

Gummere, F. B. The Beginnings of Poetry. New York, 1901.

Jusserand, J. J. La Vie Nomade en Angleterre au Moyen Âge. Paris, 1884. E. tr. by Smith, L. T. English Wayfaring Life in the Middle Ages (XIVth century). 4th ed. 1892.

Magnin, C. Les Origines du Théâtre moderne, ou l’Histoire du génie dramatique depuis le premier jusqu’au seizième siecle. Vol. I. Paris, 1838.

—— Histoire des Marionettes en Europe depuis l’Antiquité jusqu’à nos jours. 2nd ed. Paris, 1862.

Maugras, G. Les comédiens hors la loi. Paris, 1887.

Percy, T. Reliques of Ancient English Poetry. Ed. Wheatley, H. B. 1876.

Ritson, J. Ancient English Metrical Romances. 1802.

—— Ancient Songs and Ballads. 1829.

Strutt, J. Sports and Pastimes of the People of England. 1810. Ed. Hone, W. 1830. Ed. Cox, J. C. 1903.

Tunison, J. S. Dramatic Traditions of the Dark Ages. Chicago, 1907.


Brand, J. Observations on Popular Antiquities, chiefly illustrating the origin of our vulgar customs, ceremonies and superstitions. Ed. Ellis, Sir H. 3 vols. 1840–2. Ed. Hazlitt, W. C. 1870.

Brotanek, R. Die englischen Maskenspiele. Vienna, 1902.

Chambers. (For list of printed versions of the Mummers’ Play, see vol. I, pp. 205–6.)

Courtney, W. P. A Register of National Bibliography. Vol. I. 1905. [For folk-lore bibliography.]

Cox, M. R. An Introduction to Folk-lore. 2nd ed. 1897.

Ditchfield, P. H. Old English customs extant at the present time. 1896.

—— Old English Sports, Pastimes and Customs. 1891.

Douce, F. Illustrations of Shakespeare, and of ancient manners: with dissertations on the clowns and fools of Shakespeare, and on the English Morris Dance. 1839.

Dyer, T. F. T. British popular customs, present and past, arranged according to the Calendar of the year. 1876.

—— English Folk-lore. 1878. Revised ed. 1880.

Fairholt, F. W. Lord Mayor’sPageants, being collections towards a history of these annual celebrations. 2 parts. Percy Society Publ., vol. X. 1843–4.

Folk-lore: a quarterly review of myth, tradition, institution, and custom. 1890, etc.

Folk-lore Journal, The. 1883, etc.

Folk-lore Record, The. 1878, etc.

Frazer, J. G. The Golden Bough. 3rd ed. 1907.

Gascoigne, G. The Princely Pleasures of Kenilworth. Rptd. 1821.

Gomme, A. B. The traditional games of England, Scotland, and Ireland, with tunes. Part I of A Dictionary of British Folklore. Ed. Gomme, G. L. 2 vols. 1894–9.

Gomme, G. L. Christmas Mummers. In Nature, vol. LVII, p. 175, 1897.

Gummere, F. B. [As under Sec. I above.]

Hazlitt, W. C. Faiths and Folklore. 2 vols. 1905.

Henderson, W. Notes on the Folk-lore of the Northern Counties of England and the Borders. 2nd ed. Folklore Society Publ. 1879.

Laneham, R. Robert Laneham’sLetter: describing a part of the entertainment unto Queen Elizabeth at the Castle of Kenilworth in 1575. Ed. Furnivall, F. J. (The Shakespeare Library.) 1907.

Nichols, J. Progresses and Public Processions of Queen Elizabeth. 3 vols. 1823.

Northall, G. F. English Folk-rhymes. A collection of traditional verses relating to places and persons, customs, superstitions, etc. 1892.

Ordish, T. F. English Folk-Drama. Folk-Lore, vol. II, pp. 326 ff. 1891; vol. IV, pp. 162 ff. 1893.

Reyher, P. Les Masques Anglais. Paris, 1909.

Rhys, J. Celtic Folk-lore: Welsh and Manx. 2 vols. Oxford, 1901.

Ritson, J. Robin Hood: a collection of all the ancient poems, songs and ballads now extant relative to that celebrated English outlaw. 2 vols. 1795. Several later editions; the last a special edition. 1885.

Sharp, C. J. English Folk-Song. Some Conclusions. 1907.

Snell, F. J. The Fourteenth Century. Edinburgh, 1899.

Strutt, J. [As under sec. I above.]

Thiselton-Dyer, T. F. English Folk-lore. 1878. Revised ed. 1880.

Tille, A. Yule and Christmas: their place in the Germanic year. 1899.

Tylor, E. B. Primitive Culture. 2 vols. 4th ed. 1903.

Wallaschek, R. Primitive Music. An inquiry into the origin and development of music, songs, instruments, dances, and pantomimes of savage races. 1893.

Wright, T. Essays on Archaeological Subjects. Library ed. 2 vols. 1861. [Vol. II.]