The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
Volume IV. Prose and Poetry: Sir Thomas North to Michael Drayton.

VI. The Plays of the University Wits


The following works may be consulted with regard to all the writers treated in this chapter, together with the general Histories.

Boas, F. S. Shakespeare and his Predecessors. 1896.

Mezières, A. J. F. Prédécesseurs et Contemporains de Shakespeare. Paris, 1863.

Symonds, J. A. Shakspere’s Predecessors in the English Drama. 1884. New ed. 1900.

A. Plays
(i) Original Editions

A moste excellent Comedie of Alexander, Campaspe, and Diogenes, Played before the Queenes Majestie on twelfe day at night by her Majesties children, and the children of Poules. 1584.

Sapho and Phao, Played beefore the Queenes Majestie on Shrovetewsday, by her Majesties Children, and the Boyes of Paules. By John Lilly. 1584.

Endimion, The Man in the Moone. Playd before the Queenes Majestie at Greenewich on Candlemas day at night, by the Chyldren of Paules. 1591.

Gallathea. As it was playde before the Queenes Majestie at Greene-wiche, on Newyeeres day at Night. By the Chyldren of Paules. At London. 1592.

Midas. Plaied Before The Queenes Majestie Upon Twelfe Day At night. By the Children of Paules. 1592.

Mother Bombie. As it was sundrie times plaied by the Children of Powles, London, 1594.

The Woman in the Moone. As it was presented before her Highnesse. By John Lyllie maister of Artes. 1597.

Loves Metamorphosis. A Wittie and Courtly Pastorall, Written By Mr. John Lyllie. First playd by the Children of Paules, and now by the Children of the Chappell. 1601.

(ii) Modern Editions

Complete Works. Ed. Bond, R. W. 3 vols. 1902. [The standard edition.]

Dramatic Works. Ed. Fairholt, F. W. 2 vols. 1858.

Sixe Court Comedies. Contains: Endimion, Alexander and Campaspe, Sapho and Phao, Gallathea, Midas, Mother Bombie. Ed. Blount, E. 1632.

Endymion. Ed. Baker, G. P. 1894.

The Maydes Metamorphosis. Bullen’s Old English Plays, vol. I.

The Maids Metamorphosis. Tudor Reprints and Parallel Texts. 1908.

B. Critical Material

Bang, W. and de Vocht. Klassiker und Humanisten: John Lyly und Erasmus. Engl. Stud. vol. XXXVI, part III, 1906.

Bond, R. W. Lyly’s Doubtful Poems. The Athenaeum, 9 May, 1903. [Important as supplementing statements in Bond’s edition.]

Child, C. G. John Lyly and Euphuism. Münchener Beiträge, vol. VII. Erlangen and Leipzig, 1894.

Creizenach. Vol. IV, part I, pp. 48–65.

Dudley, Robert, Memoirs of. Collectanea Adamantaea, XXIV. 1887.

Ferrière, H. de la. Projets de Mariage de la Reine Elisabeth. 1882.

Feuillerat, A. John Lyly. Contribution à l’histoire de la renaissance en Angleterre. Cambridge, 1910. [A work of high importance.]

Gabbett, H. S. Spencer’s Pleasant Willy. The Athenaeum, 16 Oct., 1875.

Greg, W. W. On the Authorship of the Songs in Lyly’s Plays. Modern Language Quarterly, vol. I, 1905.

Halpin, N. J. Oberon’s Vision in Midsummer Night’s Dream illustrated by a comparison with Lyly’s Endymion. Shakesp. Soc. Publ. 1843.

Hart, J. M. Euphuism. 1889.

Hense, C. C. John Lyly and Shakespeare. Shakesp. Jahrb. vols. VII and VIII, 1872 and 1873.

John Lyly et l’euphuisme. Revue de Cours et Conférences, vol. VIII, p. II.

Koeppel, E. Studien zur Geschichte der italienischen Novelle in der englischen Litteratur des 16en Jahrhunderts. (Quellen und Forschungen zur Sprachund Culturgeschichte der germanischen Völker.) 1892.

—— Zu John Lyly’s Alexander und Campaspe. Herrig’s Archiv, vol. CX, 1903.

Landmann, F. Der Euphuismus, sein Wesen, seine Quelle, seine Geschichte. (Diss.) Giessen, 1881.

—— Shakespeare and Euphuism. New Shakesp. Soc. Trans., 1880–2.

Long, P. W. The Purport of Lyly’s Endymion. Mod. Lang, Assoc. vol. XXIV, p. I, 1909. [Suggests, in lieu of personal allegory, an interpretation consonant with the courtly love-making in vogue at the time.]

Mackenzie, D. J. An Elizabethan Endymion. In Byways Among Books. 1900.

Morley, Henry. On Euphuism. Quarterly Review, vol. CIX, 1861.

Prowse, A. B. Nature Notes on Campaspe. The Academy, 1880.

Rushton, W. L. Shakespeare’s Euphuism. 1871.

Sprenger, R. Zu John Lilly’s Campaspe. Engl. Stud. vol. XVI, p. 156.

Wendelstein, L. Zur Vorgeschichte des Euphuismus. (Diss.) Halle, 1901.

Weymouth, R. F. On Euphuism. Philol. Soc. Trans. Part III, 1870–2.

Wilson, J. D. John Lyly. Cambridge, 1905.

Reviewed by Feuillerat, A., in Modern Language Review, vol. I, no. 4, July, 1906.

[For Lyly’s prose fiction and Euphuism see bibliography to Vol. III, Chap. XVI.]

A. Plays, Masques and Pageants
(i) Original Editions

The Araygnement of Paris A Pastorall. Presented before the Queenes Majestie, by the Children of her Chappell. Anno. 1584.

The Famous Chronicle of king Edwarde the first, sirnamed Edward Longshankes, with his returne from the holy land. Also the life of Lleuellen, rebell in Wales. Lastly, the sinking of Queene Elinor, who sunck at Charingcrosse, and rose againe at Potters-hith, now named Queenehith. 1593.

The Battell of Alcazar, Fought in Barbarie, betweene Sebastian king of Portugall, and Abdelmelec king of Marocco. With the death of Captaine Stukeley. As it was sundrie times plaid by the Lord high Admirall his servants. 1594.

The Old Wives Tale. A pleasant conceited Comedie, played by the Queenes Majesties players. Written by G. P. Printed at London by John Danter, and are to be sold by Raph Hancocke, and John Hardie. 1595.

The Love of King David and Fair Bethsabe. With the Tragedie of Absalon. As it hath ben divers times plaied on the stage. Written by George Peele. 1599.

The Device of the Pageant borne before Woolstone Dixi, Lord Mayor of the Citie of London. An. 1585. October 29. 1585.

A Farewell. Entituled to the famous and fortunate Generalls of our English forces: Sir John Norris & Syr Frauncis Drake Knights, and all theyr brave and resolute followers. Whereunto is annexed: A tale of Troy. Ad Lectorem. Parve nec invidio [sic] sine me (liber) ibis ad arma, Hei mihi, quod domino non licet ire tuo. Doone by George Peele, Maister of Artes in Oxforde. Anno. 1589.

An Eglogue. Gratulatorie, Entituled: To the right honorable, and renowmed Shepheard of Albions Arcadia: Robert Earle of Essex and Ewe, for his welcome into England from Portugall. Done by George Peele. Maister of arts in Oxon. 1589.

Polyhymnia Describing, The honourable Triumph at Tylt, before her Majestie, on the 17. of November last past, being the first day of the three and thirtith yeare of her Highnesse raigne. With Sir Henrie Lea, his resignation of honour at Tylt, to her Majestie, and received by the right honorable, the Earle of Cumberland. 1590.

Descensus Astraeae. The Device of a Pageant, borne before M. William Web, Lord Mayor of the Citie of London on the day he took his oath, beeing the 29. of October. 1591. Whereunto is annexed a Speech delivered by one, clad like a Sea Nymph; who presented a Pinesse on the water, bravely rigd and mand, to the Lord Mayor, at the time he tooke Barge to go to Westminster. Done by G. Peele Maister of Arts in Oxford.

(ii) Modern Editions

Works. Ed. Dyce, A. Vols. I and II. 1828. Vol. III. 1839.

Dramatic Works of George Peele and Robert Greene. Ed. Dyce, A. 1861. 2nd ed. 1879.

Works. Ed. Bullen, A. H. (2 vols.) 1888.

Battle of Alcazar, the. Edd. Greg, W. W. and Sidgwick, F. Malone Society Reprints. 1907.

David and Bethsabe. Ed. Nitzel, B. Halle, 1904.

Edward I. Ed. Kroneberg, E. Jena, 1904.

—— Ed. Thieme, W. Halle, 1904.

Old Wives’ Tale, the. Ed. Gummere, F. B. Gayley’s R. E. C. [The introductory essay is valuable.]

—— Ed. Greg, W. W. Malone Society Reprints. 1907.

Merrie Conceited Jests of George Peel, Gentleman, sometimes student in Oxford. 1657.

Ed. Hindley, C. 1869–71.

[For the other works of George Peele, see bibliography to Vol. IV, Chap. VI.]

B. Plays ascribed to Peele

The Historie of the two valiant Knights, Syr Clyomon Knight of the Golden Sheeld, sonne to the King of Denmarke: And Clamydes the White Knight, sonne to the King of Suavia. As it hath been Sundry times Acted by her Majesties Players. 1599.

For Locrine, see bibliography to Chaps. VIII–XII, under Plays attributed to Shakespeare.

C. Critical Material

Bayley, A. R. Peele as a Dramatic Artist. The Oxford Point of View, 15 Feb., 1903.

Creinzenach. Vol. IV, part I, pp. 44–47, and 570–587.

Dutz, H. Old Wives’ Tale. Der Dank des Todten in der englischen Literatur. 1894.

Fischer, R. Zur Frage nach der Autorschaft von Sir Clyomon and Sir Clamides. Engl. Stud. vol. XIV, 1890.

Kellner, L. Sir Clyomon and sir Clamides. Engl. Stud. vol. XIII, 1889.

Lämmerhirt, R. George Peele, Untersuchungen über sein Leben und seine Werke. Rostock, 1882.

Odell, G. C. Peele as a Dramatist. The Bibliographer, vol. II, 1903.

Penner, E. Metrische Untersuchungen zu Peele. Herrig’s Archiv, vol. LXXXV, 1890.

Schelling, F. E. The Source of Peele’s Arraignment of Paris. Modern Language Notes, vol. VIII, no. 4, pp. 206–8, 1893.

A. Plays
(i) Original Editions

The Historie of Orlando Furioso One of the twelve Pieres of France. As it was plaid before the Queenes Majestie. 1594. Another edition, 1599.

The Honorable Historie of frier Bacon, and frier Bongay. As it was plaid by her Majesties servants. Made by Robert Greene Maister of Arts. 1594. Other editions, 1599, 1630 and 1655.

The Scottish Historie of James the fourth, slaine at Flodden. Entermixed with a pleasant Comedie, presented by Oboram King of Fayeries: As it hath bene sundrie times publikely plaide. Written by Robert Greene, Maister of Arts. Omne tulit punctum. 1598.

The Comicall Historie of Alphonsus King of Aragon. As it hath bene sundrie times Acted. Made by R. G. 1599.

(With Lodge.) A Looking Glasse for London And England. Made by Thomas Lodge Gentleman, and Robert Greene. In Artibus Magister. 1594.

(ii) Modern Editions

Complete Works, with Life. Ed. Grosart, A. B. 15 vols. Huth Library. 1881–6.

Dramatic Works, to which are added his Poems. Ed. Dyce, A. 2 vols. 1831.

Dramatic and Poetical Works of Robert Greene and George Peele. Ed. Dyce, A. 1861. 2nd ed. 1879.

Plays and Poems. Ed. Collins, J. Churton. 2 vols. 1905.

Greg, W. W. Review of the above. Mod. Lang. Rev. vol. I, pp. 238–251, 1905–6.

Law, R. A. Plays and Poems of Greene. Review of the above edition. Modern Language Notes, vol. XXII, 6 June, 1907.

Plays. Ed. Dickinson, T. A. (Mermaid Series.) 1909.

The History of Orlando Furioso. Ed. Greg, W. W. and McKerrow, R. B. Malone Society Reprints. 1907.

The History of Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay. Collier’s Dodsley, vol. VIII.

The Honourable History of Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay. Ed. Ward, A. W. Old English Drama. Oxford, 1878. 4th ed. 1901.

The honorable historie of Friar Bacon. Ed. Gayley, C. M. Gayley, R. E. C.

Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay. Edd. Guild, T. H. and Scott, F. W. (Acting Version.) 1905.

James IV. Manly’s Specimens, vol. II.

B. Plays ascribed to Greene
(i) Original Editions

A Pleasant Conceyted Comedie of George a Greene, the Pinner of Wakefield. As it was sundry times acted by the servants of the right Honourable the Earle of Sussex. 1599.

The First part of the Tragicall raigne of Selimus, sometime Emperour of the Turkes, and grandfather to him that now raigneth. Wherein is showne how hee most unnaturally raised warres against his owne father Bajazet, and prevailing therein, in the end caused him to be poysoned: Also with the murthering of his two brethren, Corcut, and Acomat. As it was playd by the Queenes Majesties Players. 1594. An edition of 1638 is entitled The Tragedy of Selimus Emperour of the Turkes. Written T. G. [Intended to suggest Thomas Goffe, who was born in 1591 or 1592.]

A Pleasant Comedie Of Faire Em, the Millers Daughter of Manchester. With the love of William the Conqueror. As it was sundry times publiquely acted in the Honourable Citie of London, by the right Honourable the Lord Strange his Servants. 1631. Another edition, undated, appears to be earlier.

(ii) Modern Editions

The Tragical Reign of Selimus. Ed. Grosart, A. B. (Temple Dramatists.) 1898.

Faire Em. Simpson, vol. II.

[For Greene’s contributions to prose fiction, see bibliography to Vol. III, Chap. XVI; for his pamphlets and tracts, see bibliography to Vol. IV, Chap. XVI.]

C. Critical Material

Bernhardi, W. Robert Greene’s Leben und Schriften. Leipzig, 1874.

Brooke, C. F. T. The Shakespeare Apocrypha. Oxford, 1908.

Brown, J. M. An Early Rival of Shakspere. Auckland, 1877.

Bullen, A. H. Art. Greene, Robert, Dict. of Nat. Biogr. vol. XXIII. 1890.

Castle, E. J. Shakespeare, Bacon, Jonson and Greene; a Study. 1897.

Conrad, H. Robert Greene als Dramatiker. Shakesp. Jahrb. vol. XXIX. 1894.

Crawford, C. Edmund Spenser, Locrine and Selimus. Collectanea. Vol. I, pp. 47–100. 1906.

Creizenach. Vol. IV, part I, pp. 547–576.

Creizenach, W. Zu Greene’s James the Fourth. Anglia, vol. VIII, 1885.

Ehrke, K. Robert Greene’s Dramen. 1904.

Fritsche, H. Bericht über zwei altenglische Stücke. A Looking Glass for London. 1859.

Hart, C. H. Robert Greene’s Prose Works. Notes and Queries, Ser. X, vol. V, 1905.

Herford, C. H. On Greene’s Romances and Shakespere. New Shaksp. Soc. Trans., 1888.

Hugo, G. Robert Greene’s Selimus. (Diss.) Kiel, 1899.

Knauth, K. Über die Metrik Robert Greene’s. (Diss.) 1890.

Koeppel, E. Locrine and Selimus. Shakesp. Jahrb. vol. XLI, pp. 193–200, 1905.

Mertius, O. Robert Greene und “the play of George-a-Greene, the Pinner of Wakefield.” (Diss.) Breslau, 1885.

Ritter, O. De Roberti Greene’s Fabula: Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay. (Diss.) Thorn, 1866.

Sachs, R. George Green, the Pinner of Wakefield. Shakesp. Jahrb. vol. XXVII, 1892.

Storojenko, N. Robert Greene: His Life and Works. Trans. from the Russian by Hodgetts, B. 1878. Vol. I, of Grosart’s edition (see (ii) above).

Tieck, L. Die Wunderbare Sage von Pater Baco. Shakespeare’s Vorschule. Vol. I. Leipzig, 1823.

Wolff, S. L. Robert Greene and the Italian Renaissance. Engl. Stud. vol. XXXVII, part III, 1907.

Woodberry, G. E. Greene’s Place in Comedy. Gayley’s R. E. C. Vol. I.

A. Works
(i) Original Editions

The Wounds of Civill War. Lively set forth in the true Tragedies of Marius and Scilla. As it hath beene publiquely plaide in London, by the Right Honourable the Lord high Admirall his Servants. Written by Thomas Lodgc, Gent. O vita! Misero longa, faelici brevis. 1594.

(With Greene.) A Looking Glasse for London And England. See Sec. IIIA (i) above.

(ii) Modern Editions

Works, except Translations. 4 vols. Rptd. for Hunterian Club by Gosse, E. Glasgow, 1878–82.

[This includes The wounds of civill war (1594).]

The Wounds of Civil War. Collier’s Dodsley, vol. VIII. Hazlitt’s Dodsley, vol. VII.

As to Mucedorus, see bibliography to Chaps. VIII–XII, under Plays attributed to Shakespeare.

B. Critical Material

Carl, R. Über Thomas Lodge’s Leben und Werke. Eine kritische Untersuchung in Anschluss an David Laing. Anglia, vol. X, 1887.

Creizenach. Vol. IV, part I, pp. 587–9.

Fraser, M. E. N. Thomas Lodge as a Dramatist. Univ. of Pennsylvania thesis. 1898.

Fritsche, H. Bericht über zwei altenglische Stücke. A Looking Glass for London. 1859.

Gosse, E. Thomas Lodge. (Introduction to Works, above.) In Seventeenth Century Studies. 1883.

Ingleby, C. M. Thomas Lodge and the Stage. Notes and Queries, Ser. VI, vol. XI, pp. 107–415, 1885.

—— Was Thomas Lodge an Actor? 1868.

Richard, E. C. Über Thomas Lodge’s Leben und Werke. (Diss.) Leipzig, 1887.

As to Mucedorus, see as above.

[For Lodge’s pamphlets, see bibliographies to Vol. IV, Chap. XVI, and Vol. VI, Chap. XIV, Sec. III; for his prose fiction, see bibliography to Vol. III, Chap. XVI.]

A. Works
(i) Original Editions

A pleasant Comedie, called Summers last will and Testament. Written by Thomas Nash. Imprinted at London by Simon Stafford for Water Burre. 1600.

(With Marlowe.) Dido, Queen of Carthage. See bibliography to Chap. VII, under Marlowe.

(ii) Modern Editions

Complete Works. Ed. Grosart, A. B. Huth Library. 6 vols. 1883–5.

Works. Ed. McKerrow, R. B. 4 vols. 1904–8. [The best edition.]

Summer’s Last Will and Testament. Collier’s Dodsley, vol. IX. Hazlitt’s Dodsley, vol. VIII.

B. Critical Material

Cunliffe, J. W. Nash and the Earlier Hamlet. Publ. of Modern Language Association, vol. XXI, pp. 193–9, 1906.

Nicholson, M. D. The date of Summer’s Last Will and Testament. The Athenaeum, 10 January, 1891.

Piehler, A. Thomas Nash und seine Streitschriften. Leipzig, 1907.

[For Nashe’s The Unfortunate Traveller, see bibliography to Vol. III, Chap. XVI; as to the Pasquill tracts, see bibliography to Vol. III, Chap. XVII; for his tracts in general, see bibliographies to Vol. IV, Chap. XVI and Vol. VI, Chap. XVI, Sec. III.]