The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
Volume VI. The Drama to 1642, Part Two.

XIV. The Puritan Attack upon the Stage



Bibliographies of the subject will be found in Thompson, E. N. S., Controversy between the Puritans and the Stage, and Symmes, N. S., Les Débuts de la Critique Dramatique (see Sec. IV, post), while Lowe may also be referred to. A complete list of Prynne’s works is contained in Gardiner’s Documents relating to… William Prynne (see ibid.).


Field, Nathaniel. Feild the Players Letter to Mr. Sutton Preacher att St. Mary Overs 1616. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic, James I, lxxxix, no. 105. Rptd. by Halliwell-Phillipps, J. O., The Remonstrance of Nathan Field (10 copies printed), 1865; and in his Illustrations of the Life of Shakespeare vol. I. app. xxiii, 1874.

Gager, William. His letters to Rainolds on the subjects of stage plays are to be seen at Oxford in the libraries of Corpus Christi college (MSS. ccclii, 6) and of University college (MSS. J. 18).

Remembrancia, a series of records preserved in the office of the Town Clerk of the City of London. All the documents in this series, bearing upon the stage, have been reprinted by the Malone Society (Collections, part I). The City’s Letter Books which extend to 1590, the Journals of the Common Council and the Repertories of the Court of Aldermen, all hitherto unexplored, are likely to contain material of interest. Such of the Burghley papers, among the Lansdowne MSS. at the British Museum, as deal with the stage have also been reprinted in the Malone Society’s Collections.


Actors. The Actors Remonstrance, or Complaint: For The silencing of their profession, and banishment from their severall Play-houses. In which is fully set downe their grievances, for their restraint; especially since Stageplayes, only of all publike recreations are prohibited; the exercise at the Beares Colledge, and the motions of Puppets being still in force and vigour. 1643. Rptd. (1) in Hazlitt’s English Drama and Stage, pp. 200–265, 1869; (2) by Hindley, C., Miscellanea Antiqua Anglicana, vol. III, 1871–3.

Agrippa. Henrie Cornelius Agrippa, of the Vanitie and uncertaintie of and Sciences, Englished by Ja. San. Gent. 1569.

Alley, William. [char]. The poore mans Librarie. 2 vols. 1565.

Ascham, Roger. The Scholemaster… by Roger Ascham. An. 1570.

Babington, Gervase. A very fruitfull Exposition of the Commaundements by way of Questions and Answeres for greater plainnesse. 1583. Partially rptd. by Furnivall, F. J., Stubbes’s Anatomy of Abuses, part I, pp. 75[char]–93[char], N. Shaksp. Soc. Publ., 1879.

Bavande. See Ferrarius, post.

Beard, Thomas. The Theatre of God’s Judgments… translated out of the French and augmented.… 1597.

Bodin, Jean. Les six livres de la Republique. Paris, 1576. E. tr. by Knolles, R., 1606.

Brome, Alexander. Rump: or an extract Collection of the choycest Poems and Songs relating to the late Times. 1662. (Contains the Players Petition to the Parliament, which is reprinted in Hazlitt’s English Drama and Stage, pp. 272–5.)

Bucer, Martin. Scripta Anglicana. Basileae, 1577. Chap. 54, De honestis ludis, rptd. by Symmes, Les Débuts (see Sec. IV, post.).

Case, John. Speculum Moralium Quaestionum in Universam Ethicen Aristotelis, Authore Magistro Johanne Caso Oxoniensi, olim Collegii Divi Johannis Praecursoris Socio. Oxford, 1585.

Chettle, Henry. Kind-harts Dreame. Conteining five Apparitions, with their Invectives against abuses raigning. (Ptd. December, 1592.)

Coke, Sir Edward. The Lord Coke His Speech and Charge. With a discoverie of the Abuses and Corruption of officers. 1607.

Collier, Jeremy. A short view of the Immorality, and Profaneness of the English Stage, together with the sense of Antiquity upon this Argument.… 1698. [This book led to a lengthy controversy with, among others, William Congreve. For particulars, see Dict. of Nat. Biogr. and Brit. Mus. Cat.]

Crashawe, William. The Sermon Preached at the Crosse, Feb. xiiii. 1607.

Danaeus, Lambert. See Newton, post.

Elyot, Sir Thomas. The Boke named the Governour.… 1531. Rptd. by Croft, H. H. S., Life of Elyot, 2 vols., 1880.

Fenton, Sir Geoffrey. Certain tragicall discourses written out of Frenche and Latin. 1567.

—— A forme of Christian pollicie gathered out of French. 1574. Partially rptd. by Symmes, Les Débuts (see Sec. IV, post).

Ferrarius. A woorke of Joannes Ferrarius Montanus, touchynge the good orderynge of a common weale.… Englished by William Bavande. 1559. Partially rptd. by Symmes, Les Débuts (see Sec. IV, post).

Field, John. A godly exhortation, by occasion of the late judgement of God shewed at Parris-garden, the thirteenth day of Januarie: where were assembled by estimation; above a thousand persons, whereof some were slaine; & of that number, at the least, as is crediblie reported, the thirde person maimed and hurt. Given to all estates for their instruction, concerning the keeping of the Sabboth day. 1583. (Copy in the University library, Cambridge.)

Field, Nathaniel. See Sec. II, ante.Gager, William. See Sec. II, ante.

G(ainsford?), T(homas?). The rich Cabnit furnished with a Varietie of exquisite Discriptions, exquisite Characters, witty Discourses, and delightful Histories. 1616. Partially rptd. in Hazlitt’s English Drama and Stage, pp. 228–230.

Gosson, Stephen. The Schoole of Abuse, Conteining a pleaseunt invective against Poets, Pipers, Plaiers, Jesters, and such like caterpillers of a c[char]monwelth; setting up the Flagge of Defiance to their mischievous exercise, & overthorowing their Bulwarkes, by Prophane Writers, Naturall reason, and common experience: A discourse as pleasaunt for Gentlemen that favour learning, as profitable for all that wyll follow vertue. By Stephen Gosson, Stud. Oxon.… Printed at London, by Thomas Woodcocke. 1579. 2nd ed., with same title-page. 1587. Rptd. by (1) Scott, Sir Walter, Somers Tracts, 2nd ed., vol. III, pp. 552–574, 1809–15; (2) Collier, J.P., Shakesp. Soc. Publ., with Thomas Heywood’s Apology for Actors, 1841; (3) Arber, E., English Reprints, 1895.

—— Ephemerides of Philo, devided into three Bookes. The first, A method which he ought to follow that desireth to rebuke his freend, when he seeth him swarve: without kindling his choler, or hurting himself. The second, A Canuazado to Courtiers in foure pointes. The thirde, The defence of a Curtezan overthrowen. And a short Apologie of the Schoole of Abuse, against Poets, Pipers, Players & their Excusers. By Step. Gosson, Stud. Oxon. Imprinted at London by Thomas Dawson. Anno 1579. 2nd et., with same title-page. 1586. Rptd. (extracts and An Apologie of the Schoole of Abuse) by Arber, E., The Schoole of Abuse, pp. 62–75, English Reprints, 1895.

—— Playes confuted in five Actions, Proving that they are not to be suffered in a Christian common weale, by the waye both the Cavils of Thomas Lodge and the Play of Playes, written in their defence, and other objections of Players frendles, are truely set downe and directlye aunsweared. By Steph. Gosson, Stud. Oxon. S. Cyprian. Non diserta sed fortia. [No date, but entered at Stat. Hall 16 April, 1582.] Rptd. in Hazlitt’s English Drama and Stage, pp. 159–218.

—— The Trumpet of Warre. A Sermon preached at Paules Crosse, the seventh of Maie, 1598. By M. Steph. Gosson Parson of Great Wigborrow in Essex… be V.S. for I.O. Rptd. (extract) with Pleasant Quippes, 1847 (see post).

—— Pleasant Quippes for Upstart Newfangled Gentlewomen. Imprinted at London by Richard Johnes, 1596. [No author’s name but “Auctore Stephen Gosson” written in ink on some title-pages.] Rptd. by (1) Rimbault, E.F., 1841; (2) Totham, printed at Charles Clark’s Private Press, 1847.

G(reene?), J(ohn?). A Refutation of the Apology for Actors. Divided into three briefe Treatises. Wherein is confuted and opposed all the chiefe Groundes and Arguments alleaged in defence on Playes: And withall in each Treatise is deciphered Actors, 1. Heathenish and Diabolicall institution. 2. Their ancient and moderne indignitie. 3. The wonderfull abuse of their impious qualitie, by J.G. 1615. [Another copy in the Brit. Mus. with slightly different title-page.]

Greene, Robert. Greenes Never too late. Or a Powder of Experience sent to all Youthfull Gentlemen. 1590.

Grindal. See Sec. IV, post.

Guevara. See North, post.

Harington. See Sec. IV, post.

Harvey, Gabriel. Three proper and wittie, familiar Letters, touching the Earthquake in April last, lately passed between two Universitie men. 1580. Rptd. by Grosart, A. B., Harvey’s Works, 3 vols. (Huth Library), 1884.

Heywood, Thomas. An Apology for Actors. Containing three briefe Treatises. 1. Their Antiquity. 2. Their ancient Dignity. 3. The true use of their quality. 1612. 2nd ed., as “The Actors Vindication,” edited and published by William Cartwright. 1658. Rptd. by (1) Scott, Sir Walter, Somers Tracts, 2nd ed., vol. III, pp. 574–600, 1809–15; (2) Collier, J. P., Shakesp. Soc. Publ., 1841.

Hutchinson. See Sec. IV, post.

Lake, Osmund. A Probe Theologicall: Or, The First Part of the Christian Pastors Proofe of his learned Parishioners Faith. Wherein is handled, the Doctrine of the Law for the knowledge of it, with such profitable questions, as aptly fall in at every branch of the Law. 1612.

Laneham, Robert. A Letter: Whearin, part of the entertainment untoo the Queenz Majesty at Killingwoorth Castl, in Warwik Sheer in this Soomerz Progress 1575. iz signified.… [No printer’s name or date.”] Rptd. by Furnivall, F. J., Captain Cox, his Ballads and Books, The Ballad Society, 1871.

Law, William. The absolute Unlawfulness of the Stage Entertainment fully demonstrated. 1726. [For editions and reply by Dennis, J., see Dict. of Nat. Biogr. and Brit. Mus. Cat.]

Lodge, Thomas, M.D. Honest Excuses.… (A Defence of Poetry, music and stage-plays in reply to Stephen Gosson’s School of Abuse.) Probably published in the late summer of 1579. Suppressed by authority. No title-page or preface. (Copy in Bodleian library.) Rptd. by (1) Laing, David, A defence of poetry, etc. with introd. and notes, Shakesp. Soc. Trans., 1853; (2) Gosse, E., Complete Works of Thomas Lodge, Hunterian Club, 1883; (3) Saintsbury, G., Elizabethan and Jacobean pamphlets, 1892.

—— An Alarum against Usurers. Containing tryed experiences against worldly abuses.… Hereunto are annexed the delectable historie of Forbonius and Prisceria: with the lamentable complaint of Truth over England. 1584. (Copy in Bodleian library.) Rptd. by (1) Laing, David, with A Defence etc. (see ante,), Shakesp. Soc. Trans., 1853; (2) Gosse, E. (see ante).

Lupton, Donald. London and the Countrey Carbonadoed and Quartred into severall Characters. 1632. Rptd. by Halliwell-Phillipps, J. O., Books of Characters, 1857.

Mariana, Juan. Tratado Contra los Juegos Publicos. Rptd. in Obras, Biblioteca de Autores Espa[char]oles. 2 vols. Madrid, 1854.

—— De Rege et Regis Institutione. Toledo, 1599.

Nashe, Thomas. The Anatomie of Absurditie: Contayning a breefe confutation of the slender imputed prayses to feminine perfection, with a short description of the severall practises of youth, and sundry follies of our licentious times. No lesse pleasant to be read, then profitable to be remembered, especially of those, who live more licentiously, or addicted to a more nyce stoycall austeritie. 1589. Rptd. by McKerrow, R.B., Nashe’s Works, vol. I, 1904.

—— Pierce Penilesse his supplication to the Divell. Describing the overspreading of Vice, and suppression of vertue. Pleasantly interlac’d with variable delights: and pathetically intermixt with conceipted reproofes. 1592. Rptd. by McKerrow, R. B., Nashe’s Works, vol. I, 1904.

Newes from the North. Otherwise called the conference between Simon Certain and Pierce Plowman. Faithfully collected and gathered by T. F. Student. 1585. (1579 edition extant?)

Newton, Thomas. A Treatise, touching Dyce-play and prophane Gaming. Wherein, as Godly recreations and moderate disportes bee Christianly allowed and learnedly defended: so, all vaine, ydle, unlawfull, offensive, and prophane Exercises, bee sharply reproved and flatly condemned. Written in Latine by Lambertus Danaeus: Englished by Thos: Newton. 1586.

North, Thomas. The Diall of Princes. Compiled by the reverende father in God, Don Anthony of Guevara, Bysshop of Guadix. Preacher and Cronicler, to Charles the fyft Emperour of Rome. Englysshed oute of the Frenche, by Thomas North, seconde sonne of the Lorde North. Ryght necessary and pleasaunt, to all gentylmen and others whiche are lovers of vertue. 1557.

Northbrooke, John. Spiritus est vicarius Christi in terra. A Treatise wherein Dicing, Dauncing, Vaine playes or Enterluds with other idle pastimes &c. commonly used on the Sabboth day, are reproved by the Authoritie of the word of God and auntient writers. Made Dialoguewise. (Printed 1577.) 2nd ed. 1579. Rptd. by Collier, J. P. (with introd. and notes), Shakesp. Soc. Publ., 1843.

Orders Appointed to be executed in the Cittie of London, for setting roges and idle persons to worke, and for releefe of the poore.… At London, printed by Hugh Singleton dwelling in Smithfielde at the Signe of the golden Tunne. (B.M. 796. E. 37.)

Ordinance. An Ordinance of the Lords and Commons Assembled in Parliament, for The utter suppression and abolishing of all Stage-Playes and Interludes. With the Penalties to be inflicted upon the Actors and Spectators herein exprest. Die Veneris II Februarii. 1647. Ordered by the Lords, Assembled in Parliament, That this Ordinance for the suppression of Stage-Playes, shall be forthwith printed and published. Joh. Brown Cler. Parliamentorum. Imprinted at London for John Wright at the Kings Head in the old Bayley. 1647.

Overbury, Sir Thomas. A Wife Now The Widdow of Sir Thomas Overburye. Being A most exquisite and singular Poem of the choice of a Wife. Whereunto are added many witty Characters, and conceited Newes, written by himselfe and other learned Gentlemen his friends. 1614. Rptd. by Rimbault, E. F., Miscellaneous works of Sir Thomas Overbury, 1856.

Players’ Petition to the Parliament. 1643. See Brome, ante.

Certaine Propositions offered to the Consideration of the Honourable Houses of Parliament. 1642. Rptd. in Antiquarian Repertory, vol. III, 1808.

Prynne, William. Histriomastix. The Players Scourge, or, Actors Tragœdie, Divided into Two Parts. Wherein it is largely evidenced, by divers Arguments, by the concurring Authorities and Resolutions of sundry texts of Scripture: of the whole Primitive Church, both under the Law and Gospell; of 55 Synodes and Councels; of 71 Fathers and Christian Writers, before the yeare of our Lord 1200; of above 150 foraigne & domestique Protestant and Popish Authors, since: of 40 Heathen Philosophers, Historians, Poets; of many Heathen, many Christian Nations, Republiques, Emperors, Princes, Magistrates; of sundry Apostolicall, Canonicall, Imperiall Constitutions; and of our owne English statutes, Magistrates, Universities, Writers, Preachers. That popular Stage-playes (the very Pompes of the Divell which we renounce in Baptisme, if we beleeve the Fathers) are sinfull, heathenish, lewde, ungodly Spectacles, and most pernicious Corruptions; condemned in all ages, as intolerable Mischiefes to Churches, to Republickes, to the manners, mindes, and soules of men. And that the Profession of Play-poets, of Stage-players; together with the penning, acting, and frequenting of Stage playes, are unlawfull, infamous and misbeseeming Christians. All pretences to the contrary are here likewise fully answered; and the unlawfulness of acting of beholding Academicall Enterludes, briefly discussed; besides sundry other particulars concerning Dancing, Dicing, Health-drinking, etc. of which the Table will informe you. By William Prynne, an Utter-Barrester of Lincolnes Inne. [Quotations from Cyprian, Lactantius, Chrysostom and Augustine.] London Printed by E. A. and W. I. for Michael Sparke, and are to be sold at the Blue Bible, in Greene Arbour, in little old Bayly. 1633. [Answers to Prynne did not appear until after the Restoration, e.g. Baker, Sir Richard, Theatrum Redivivum… in answer to the Prynne’s Histriomastix… 1662. Another ed., with different title-page: Theatrum Triumphans. 1670.]

Prynne, William. Mr. William Prynn His Defence of Stage-Plays, or a Retractation of a former Book of his called Histrio-Mastix. London, printed in the Year 1649. [A forgery.] Rptd. in Hazlitt’s English Drama and Stage, pp. 267–271.

—— The Vindication of William Prynne, Esquire, from some scandalous papers and imputations newly printed and published to traduce and defame him in his reputation… from the King’s Head in the Strand. Jan. 10. 1648. [A broadside,] Rptd. (1) by Collier, J. P., Poetical Decameron, 2 vols., 1820; (2) in Hazlitt’s English Drama and Stage, p. 271.

Rainolds, John. Th’ overthrow of Stage-Playes, By the way of controversie betwixt D. Gager and D. Rainoldes, Wherein all the reasons that can be made for them are notably refuted; th’ objections aunswered, and the case so cleared and resolved, as that the judgement of any man, that is not froward and perverse, may easilie be satisfied. Wherein is manifestly proved, that it is not onely unlawfull to bee an Actor, but a beholder of those vanities. Whereunto are added also and annexed in th’ end certaine latine Letters betwixt the sayed Maister Rainoldes, and D Gentiles, Reader of the Civill Law in Oxford. Concerning the same matter. 1599. [No printer’s name or place. Some copies (a second edition?) are imprinted “Middleburgh, by Richard Schilders 1600,” and the type in those copies dated 1599 is undoubtedly his.] Another ed.: At Oxford, Printed by John Lichfield, Printer to the famous Universitie, 1629.

Rankins, William. A Mirrour of Monsters: Wherein is plainely described the manifold vices & spotted enormities, that are caused by the infectious sight of Playes, with the description of the subtile slights of Sathan, making them his instruments. 1587.

Rawlidge, Richard. A Monster lately found out and discovered or the Scourging of Tipplers. 1628. [Brit. Mus. copy has no title-page.]

A Second & third Blast of retrait from plaies and Theatres: the one whereof was sounded by a reverend Byshop dead long since: the other by a worshipful and zealous Gentleman now alive: One showing the filthiness of plaies in times past; the other the abhomination of Theatres in the time present: both expresly proving that the Common-weale is nigh unto the cursse of God; wherein either plaiers be made of, or theatres maintained. Set forth by Anglo-phile Eutheo.… Allowed by auctoritie 1580. [City arms on reverse of title-page.] Rptd. in Hazlitt’s English Drama and Stage, pp. 96–155.

Selden, John. See Sec. IV, post.

A Short Treatise against Stage-Playes.… 1625. [Possibly printed at Middleburgh by the successors of Richard Schilders.] Rptd. in Hazlitt’s English Drama and Stage, pp. 231–252.

Sidney, Sir Phillip. An Apologie for Poetrie. 1595.

The Stage-Players Complaint. In a pleasant Dialogue betweene Cane of the Fortune, and Reed of the Friers. Deploring their sad & solitary conditions for want of Imployment. In this heavie and contagious time of the Plague in London. 1641.

Stephens, John. Satyrical Essayes, Characters, and others, or Accurate and quick Descriptions, fitted to the life of their Subjects. 1615. Rptd. by Halliwell-Phillipps, J. O., Books of Characters, 1857.

Stockwood, John. A Sermon Preached at Paules Crosse on Barthelmew day, being the 24. of August. 1578. Wherein, besides many other profitable matters meete for all Christians to follow, is at large prooved, that it is the part of all those that are fathers, householders, and Schole-maisters, to instruct all those under their government, in the word and knowledge of the Lorde. By John Stockwood Scholemaister of Tunbridge.

Stubbes, Philip, extant works of (in chronological order): (i) A fearefull and terrible Example of Gods juste judgement, executed upon a lewde Fellow, who usually accustomed to sweare by Gods Blood, which may be a caveat to all the whole world, that they blaspheme not the name of their God by swearing. (Colophon) Phillip Stubbes. Imprinted at London for W. Wright, and are to be Sold at his shop in the Poultrie. [1581?.] Rptd. by Collier, J. P., Broadside Black-letter Ballads, printed in the 16th and 17th Centuries, 1868.

(ii) Two wunderfull and rare Examples. Of the undeffered and present approching judgement of the Lord our God: the one upon a wicked and pernitious blasphemer of the name of God, and servant to one Maister Frauncis Pennell, Gentleman, dwelling at Boothbie, in Lincolnshire, three myles from Granthan. The other upon a woman, named Joane Bowser, dwelling at Donnington, in Leicester, to whome the Divill verie straungely appeared, as in the discourse following, you may reade. In June last 1581. Written by Phillip Stubbes. Imprinted at London for William Wright, and are to be solde at his shoppe in the Poultrie: the middle shoppe in the rowe, adjoyning to Saint Mildreds Church. (1581?. Contains reprint of A fearfull and terrible Example.) Rptd. by Reardon, J. P., Shakesp. Soc. Papers, vol. IV, p. 71, 1848.

(iii) The Anatomie of Abuses: Containing A Discoverie, or briefe summarie, of such Notable Vices and imperfections, as now raigne in many Christian Countreyes of the Worlde: but (especiallie) in a verie famous Ilande called Ailgna: Together, with most fearefull Examples of Gods Judgementes, executed upon the wicked for the same, as well in Ailgna of late, as in others places elsewhere. Verie Godly, to be read of all true Christians, everie where; but most needfull, to be regarded in Englande. Made dialogue-wise by Phillip Stubbes. Printed at London by Richard Jones I Maij. 1583. [5th ed., publishes in 1595.] Rptd. by Furnivall, F. J., N. Shaksp. Soc. Publ., Series VI, nos[char]nd 6, 1877–9.

(iv) The Second part of the Anatomie of Abuses, conteining The display of Corruptions, with a perfect description of such imperfections, blemishes, and abuses, as now reigning in everie degree, require reformation for feare of Gods vengeance to be powred upon the people and countrie, without speedie repentance and conversion unto God: made dialoguewise by Phillip Stubbes. Except your righteousness exceed the righteousness of the Scribes and Pharises, you cannot enter into the kingdome of heaven. London. Printed by R. W. for William Wright.… [Entered in Stationers’ register, 7 Nov. 1583.] Rptd. by Furnivall, F. J., N. Shaksp. Soc. Publ., Series VI, no. 12, 1882.

(v) The intended Treason, of Doctor Parrie: and his complices, Against the Queenes moste Excellent Majestie. With a Letter sent from the Pope to the same effect. Imprinted at London for Henry Car, and are to be solde in Paules Church-yard at the Signe of the Blazing Starre. [Feb. 1585.] Rptd. by Reardon, J. P., Shakesp. Soc. Papers, vol. III, Art. iv, p. 15, 1847.

(vi) A Christal Glasse for Christian Women: Contayning An excellent Discourse, of the godly life and Christian death of Mistresse Katherine Stubbes who departed this life in Burton uppon Trent, in Staffordshire, the 14 day of December. 1590. With a most heavenly confession of the Christian Faith, which she made a little before her departure: togither, with a most wonderfull combate betwixt Satan and her soule: worthie to be imprinted in the tables of every Christian heart. Set downe worde for worde as she spake it, as neere as could be gathered, by P. S. Gent… Imprinted at London by Richard Jhones. 1591. 6th or 7th ed. in 1647. Rptd. (partially) by Furnivall, F. J., N. Shaksp. Soc. Publ., Series VI, no. 6, p. 193, 1879.

(vii) A perfect Pathway to Felicitie, Conteining godly Meditations, and praiers, fit for all times, and necessarie to be practized of all good Christians. Imprinted at London by Richard Yardly for Humfrey Lownes 1592. Rptd. (partially) by Furnivall, F. J., N. Shaksp. Soc. Publ., Series VI, no. 6, p. 203, 1879.

(viii) A Motive to good workes. Or rather, To true Christianitie indeede. Wherin by the waie is shewed, how farre wee are behinde, not onely our fore-fathers in good workes, but also many other creatures in the endes of our creation: with the difference betwixt the pretenced good workes of the Antichristian Papist, and the good workes of the Christian Protestant. By Phillip Stubbes, Gentleman.… London, Printed for Thomas Man. 1593. [Manuscript copy at Emmanuel College, Cambridge.]

A Treatise of Daunses, wherein it is showed, that they are as it were accessories and dependants (or things annexed) to whoredom: where also by the way is touched and proved, that Playes are joyned and knit together in a ranck or rowe with them. Anno 1581. (Copy at Lambeth.)

A true reporte of the death and martyrdome of M. Campion Jesuite and priest … observid and written by a catholike priest, which was present thereat … [Douay, 1582?.]

Twyne, Thomas. Phisicke against Fortune, as well prosperous, as adverse, conteyned in two Bookes. Whereby men are instructed with lyke indifferencie to remedie theyr affections, a well in tyme of the bryght shynyng sunne of prosperitie, as also of the foule lowryng stormes of adversitie. Expedient for all men, but most necessary for such as be subject to any notable insult of eyther extremitie. Written in Latine by Frauncis Petrach, a most famous Poet, and Oratour. And now first Englished by Thomas Twyne. 1579.

Wager, Lewis. A New Enterlude, never before this tyme imprinted, entreating of the Life and Repentaunce of Marie Magdalene: not only godlie, learned and fruitefull, but also well furnished with pleasaunt myrth and pastime, very delectable for those which shall heare or reade the same. Made by the learned clarke Lewis Wager. Imprinted at London by John Charlewood, dwelling in Barbican, at the signe of the halfe Eagle and the Key. Anno. 1567. [There appears to be an edition of 1566 extant.] Rptd. by Carpenter, F. Ives, Chicago, 1902.

Whetstone, George. A Mirour for Magestrates of Cyties. Representing the Ordinaunces, Policies, and diligence, of the Noble Emperour, Alexander (surnamed) Severus, to suppresse and chastise the notorious Vices noorished in Rome, by the superfluous nomber of Dicing-houses, Tavarns, and common Stewes: Suffred and cheerished. by his beastlye Predecessour, Heluogabalys, with sundrie grave Orations: by the said noble Emperor, cõcerning Reformation. And Hereunto, is added, A Touchstone for the Time: Containying: many perillous Mischiefes, bred in the Bowels of the Citie of London: By the Infection of some of these Sanctuaries of Iniquitie. 1584.

White, Thomas. A Sermon Preached at Pawles Crosse on Sunday the ninth of December. 1576. Imprinted … by Francis Coldock … 1578.2nd ed. (?). A Serm&otilde Preached at Pawles Crosse on Sunday the thirde of November, 1577. in the time of the Plague. 1578.

Wither, George. Abuses Stript, and Whipt: or Satirical Essayes. 1613. [No less than four editions in 1613.]

Wright, James. Historia Histrionica. An Historical Account of the English-Stage, shewing the ancient Use, Improvement, and Perfection of Dramatic Representations in this Nation. 1699. [This tract, which belongs to the Collier controversy, gives much interesting information concerning actors in the time of the Commonwealth.] Rptd. in Hazlitt’s Dodsley, vol. XV.

N.B. Biographical details concerning most of the authors dealt with in this chapter may be found in Dictionary of National Biography and in Wood’s Athenae Oxonienses.


Boas, F. S. A “Defence” of Oxford Plays and Players. The Fortnightly Review, August, 1907.


Chambers. E. K. Notes on the history of the Revels office under the Tudors. 1906.

—— Review of Ordish’s Early London Theatres. The Academy, August 24, 1895.


Creizenach. [The best authority upon the humanistic and protestant drama.]

Dasent, J. R. Acts of the Privy Council of England, 1542–1601. 31 vols. 1890–1906.

Feuillerat, A. Documents relating to the office of the Revels in the time of Elizabeth. Bang’s Materialien, vol. XXI.

Fleay’s Chronicle of Stage.

—— English Drama.

Furnivall, F. J. Phillip Stubbes’s Anatomy of Ab[char]s in Shakespere’s youth.

With introduction and notes. N. Shaksp. Soc. Publ., Series VI, nos. 4, 6, 12. 1879.

Furnivall, F. J. Shakspere’s England. William Harrison’s Description of England. N. Shaksp. Soc. Publ., Series VI. 1876.

—— Captain Cox, his Ballads, and Books, or Robert Laneham’s Letter. The Ballad Society. 1871. The Shakespeare Library. 1907.

Gardiner, S. R. Documents relating to the Proceedings against William Prynne in 1634 and 1637, with a biographical fragment by the late John Bruce. Camden Society Publ. 1877.

Gildersleeve, Virginia C. Government Regulation of the Elizabethan Drama. Columbia University Press, 1908. [Unfortunately this book, an excellent and so far the only comprehensive treatment of the administrative side of the topic did not reach the present writer’s hands until the preceding chapter was just going to press.]

Gosse, E. Thomas Lodge. Seventeenth Century Studies. 1883.

Grindal, Edmund, The Remains of. Parker Society. Cambridge, 1843.

Halliwell-Phillipps, J. O. Illustrations of the Life of Shakespeare. Part I. 1874.

—— Outlines of the Life of Shakespeare. 2 vols. 1887.

—— Tarlton’s Jests and News out of Purgatory. Shakesp. Soc. Publ. 1844.

Harington, Sir John. Nugae Antiquae. Ed. by Harington, H., with illustrative notes by Park, T. 2 vols. 1804.

Harrison, William. Harrison’s Description of England. Being Books II and III of his Description of Britaine and England. Ed. from the first two editions of Holinshed’s Chronicle (1577, 1587), with introduction, by Furnivall, F. J. Parts I, II and III (Supplement). N. Shaksp. Soc. Publ. 1877–8. With Additions by Stopes, C. C. Part IV (Supplement). (The Shakespeare Library.) 1908. Also, Select Edition, by Withington, L., with Furnivall’s introduction. [1902.]

Hazlitt’s English Drama and Stage. [This book, which reprints a large proportion of the documents, pamphlets and treatises bearing upon this subject, is indispensable.]

Hutchinson, Colonel John. Memoirs by his widow Lucy. New ed., revised by Firth, C. H. 1906.

Kingsley, Charles. Plays and Puritans. 1873. [A characteristic essay, strongly in favour of the puritans.]

Lodge, Thomas, the Complete Works of. Ed. Gosse, E. Hunterian Club. 12 vols. Glasgow, 1873–9.


Malone Society Collections. Parts I and II. 1907–8. [A very important help to any study of the city’s attack. All documents from the Remembrancia and the Burghley papers, dealing with the stage, are carefully reprinted.]

Nash, Thomas, the Works of. Ed. McKerrow, R. B. Vols. I–III. 1904–5.

Ordish, T. F. Early London Theatres (in the Fields). 1894.

Parker, M., Archbp., The Correspondence of. Edd. Bruce, J. and Perowne, T. T. Parker Society Publ. Cambridge, 1852.

Remembrancia. Analytical Index to the Series of Records known as the Remembrancia, preserved among the Archives of the city of London. A.D. 1579–1664. 1878.

Selden, John. Opera Omnia. Ed. Wilkins, David. 1726. 3 vols. (bound as 6).

—— Table Talk. Ed. Reynolds, S. H. Oxford, 1892.


Simpson, R. The Political Use of the Stage in Shakespere’s Time. N. Shaksp. Soc. Trans., 1874, part II.

State Papers. A Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series. Reigns of Edward VI, Mary, Elizabeth, 1547–1589. Ed. Lemon, R. 1856. Reign of James I. Ed. Greene, M. A. Everett. 1857–69.

State Trials. A complete Collection of State Trials. Howell, T. B. 34 vols. 1809. (Vol. III contains “Proceedings against William Prynne.”)

Symmes, H. S. Les Débuts de la Critique Dramatique en Angleterre jusqu’à la mort de Shakespeare. Paris, 1903. [Deals only incidentally with the subject of this chapter but throws fresh light upon it. Contains a useful bibliography and reprints important passages from Bucer, Fenton and Ferrarius.]

Thompson, E. N. S. The Controversy between the Puritans and the Stage. Yale Studies in English. New York, 1903. [Despite inaccuracies and the author’s ultra-puritan sympathies, this book, the only monograph covering the whole ground, should prove of great service to the student. A useful review of it by Greg, W. W., appeared in the Modern Language Review, for January 1906.]

Ward. [Especially vol. I, pp. 456–462; vol. III, pp. 206–9, 229–247.]

Wilson, J. D. The Title of Lodge’s reply to Gosson’s School of Abuse. Modern Language Review, January 1908. Anthony Munday, pursuivant and pamphleteer. Ibid. July 1909.

Wright, T. Queen Elizabeth and her Times. 2 vols. 1838.