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The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
Volume VII. Cavalier and Puritan.

XIII. Scholars and Scholarship, 1600–60



Aubrey, John. Brief Lives, chiefly of contemporaries. Ed. from the author’s MSS. by Clark, Andrew. 2 vols. Oxford, 1898.

Baillet, A. Jugemens des Savans. 8 vols. Paris, 1725.

Basire, Isaac. Correspondence in the reigns of Charles I and Charles II and Memoir. Ed. Darnell, W. N. 1831.

Beard, C. The Reformation of the 16th Century in its relation to Modern Thought and Knowledge. Hibbert Lectures. 1883. [See especially lectures on Reformation in Switzerland, Rise of Protestant Scholasticism, the Reformation in England, Growth of the Critical Spirit, and the Development of Philosophical Method and Scientific Investigation.]

Begley, Walter. Nova Solyma: the Ideal City, an anonymous Romance in Latin, 1648, with introduction, translation, literary essays and a bibliography. 1902.

Birch, U. Anna van Schurman. Artist, Scholar, Saint. 1909.

Bowes, R. Catalogue of Books printed at or relating to Cambridge. 1894.

Brüggemann, L. W. View of the English Editions, Translations and Illustrations of the Ancient Greek and Latin Authors. Stettin, 1797.

Burnet, Gilbert. Life of Sir Matthew Hale. 1682.

Calamy, Edmund. Nonconformists’ Memorial. Ed. Palmer, Samuel. 2 vols. 1802–3.

Cattermole, R. Literature of the Church of England. 2 vols. 1844.

Child, Gilbert W. Church and State under the Tudors. 1890. [Shows the influence of Geneva on English church doctrine and constitution.]

Christie, R. C. The Old Church and School Libraries of Lancashire. Chetham Society Publications, new ser. vol. VII. 1885.

Cox, Robert. The literature of the Sabbath Question. 2 vols. 1865. [Full bibliography of works on the Sabbath, one of the controversial subjects of learned discourse of the puritan times.]

Dexter, H. M. and Morton. The England and Holland of the Pilgrims. [With an index of publications of Separatist literature and controversy.] 1906.

Dibdin, T. F. An Introduction to the knowledge of rare and valuable editions of the Greek and Latin Classics. 2 vols. 1827.

Dircks, Henry. A Biographical Memoir of Samuel Hartlib with Bibliographical Notices. 1865. [For a number of letters between Hartlib and Dr. Worthington see Worthington’s Diary (Chetham Society, vols. XIII and XXXVI).]

Fell, John. Life of Sir Matthew Hale [with catalogue of his printed books and MSS., pp. 95–98] and Life of Henry Hammond. Oxford, 1856.

Growoll, A. and Eames, W. Three Centuries of English Book Trade Bibliography. New York, 1903.

Hacket, John. Scrinia Reserata: A Memorial offered to the great Deservings of John Williams (Archbishop of York). 2 vols. 1693.

Hamilton, Sir Wm. Discussions on Philosophy and Literature, Education and University Reform. 2nd ed. 1853. [Contains important matter on the History of Logic, pp. 118–176; and an account of the History of the University of Leyden, pp. 373–9.]

Hathaway, C. M. The Alchemist by Ben Jonson. Yale Studies in English. New York, 1903. [With an introduction giving an account of alchemical learning of the time.]

Heywood, J. Cambridge University Transactions during the Puritan Controversies of the 16th and 17th centuries. 2 vols. 1854.

Laurie, S. S. Studies in the History of Educational Opinion. Cambridge, 1905.

Madan, Falconer. The Early Oxford Press, “1468”–1640. Oxford, 1895.

Mayor, J. E. B. Autobiography of Matthew Robinson. First edited by Prof. Mayor. 1856. [Contains Matthew Poole’s Model for the maintaining of students of choice abilities at the University and principally in order to the Ministry, 1648.]

—— Spain, Portugal, the Bible. Cambridge, 1892. [Valuable details as to the relation of English and foreign reformers.]

Middleton, Erasmus. Biographia Evangelica: or an Historical Account of the Lives and Deaths of the most eminent and evangelical Authors or Preachers both British and Foreign, in the several Denominations of Protestants from the Beginning of the Reformation to the present Time. 4 vols. 1779.

Mitchell, A. F. The Westminster Assembly: its History and Standards. Baird Lectures. 1883.

Moore, Norman. The History of the Study of Medicine in the British Isles. Fitzpatrick Lectures. Oxford, 1908.

Morhof, D. G. Polyhistor Literarius, Philosophicus et Practicus. Lubecae, 1714.

Mullinger, J. Bass. Cambridge Characteristics in the 17th Century. Cambridge, 1867.

—— The University of Cambridge from the Royal Injunctions of 1535 to the Accession of Charles I. Cambridge, 1884.

Parkinson, Rev. Canon R. Life of Adam Martindale, written by himself. Chetham Society Publications. Vol. IV. 1845. [Contains many educational references.]

Parr, Richard. Life of James Usher, late Lord Archbishop of Armagh. 1686. [Valuable for accounts of learning of the times. Contains 323 letters to or from Ussher.]

Pattison, Mark. Isaac Casaubon. 2nd ed. Oxford, 1892. [Contains valuable sketches of the scholarship of the times in England and abroad.]

—— Essays. Two series. Including in Series 1 The Stephenses, Joseph Scaliger, Calvin at Geneva; in Series II Learning in the Church of England. 2 vols. Oxford, 1889.

Also, see Casaubon, Meric. Vindicatio Patris [i.e. Isaac Casaubon]. 1624.

Payne, J. F. Thomas Sydenham. Masters of Medicine Series. 1900.

Power, D’Arcy. William Harvey. Masters of Medicine Series. 1897.

Quick, R. H. Essays on Educational Reformers. 1868.

St. John, Wallace. Contest for Liberty of Conscience in England. Divinity Studies. University of Chicago. 1900. [With bibliography.]

Sandys, J. E. A History of Classical Scholarship. From the Revival of Learning to the end of the 18th Century in Italy, France, England and Netherlands, vol. II. Cambridge, 1908.

Schickler, le Baron F. de. Les Églises du Refuge en Angleterre. 3 vols. Paris, 1892.

Shaw, W. A. History of the English Church during the Civil War and under the Commonwealth, 1640–1660. 2 vols. 1900.

Smith, Philip A. History of Education for the English Bar. 1860.

Underhill, J. G. Spanish Literature in the England of the Tudors. 1899.

Walker, John. Sufferings of the Clergy … in the late Times of the Grand Rebellion. 1714.

Walton, Brian. The Polyglot Bible. Memoirs and Writings of the Rt. Rev. Brian Walton, Lord Bishop of Chester. With Notices of his Coadjustors in that illustrious work; of the cultivation of oriental Learning in this country, preceding and during their time; and of the Authorised English Version of the Bible. By Todd, H. J. 2 vols. 1821.

Walton, Joseph. Early History of Legal Studies in England. 1900.

Ward, J. Lives of the Professors of Gresham College. 1740.

Wase, Christopher. Considerations concerning Free Schools, as settled in England. 1678. [Important account of secondary schools in England from the reformation onwards.]

Weld, C. R. History of the Royal Society. 2 vols. 1848.

Wood, Anthony à. Athenae Oxonienses. Ed. Bliss. 4 vols. Oxford, 1813–20.

Wordsworth, Christopher. Scholae Academicae: some Account of the Studies at the English Universities in the Eighteenth Century. 1877.

Worthington, Dr. John. Diary and Correspondence. (Chetham Society, vols. XIII and XXXVI.) Ed. Crossley, James. [Worthington edited Joseph Mead’s works and his Correspondence affords a mirror of the learned life of the times.]

Young, Sir George. History of Greek Literature in England from the earliest Times to the end of the reign of James I. Cambridge, 1862.

For English Dictionaries see Murrary, Dr. J. A. H., The Evolution of English Lexicography, Oxford, 1900.

For contemporary books in Divinity, History, Physic and Chirurgery, Mathematics, Common and Civil Law, Hebrew, Latin and Greek, see William London’s Catalogue. See post, p. 537.

For the school text-books of the period see Brinsley, John, Ludus Literarius, 1612; and his Consolation for our Grammar Schools, 1622; and Hoole, Charles, New Discovery of the Old Art of Teaching School, 1660. [Gives a list of 300 school books, arranged for use in each of the six forms of a school.] London, William, Catalogue of the most Vendible Books, 1660. Section on books useful for schools and scholars.

For books used in grammar school teaching in all subjects see Foster Watson’s English Grammar Schools: their Curriculum and Practice, Cambridge, 1908.

For books of instruction, other than those used in the grammar school, see Foster Watson’s The Beginnings of the Teaching of Modern Subjects, 1909.

For biographies of scholars see General Dictionary: Historical and Critical, founded on Bayle, by Bernard, J. P., Birch, Thomas, etc., 10 vols., 1735.

For an account of rhetoric study see Mair, G. H., Introduction to reprint of Wilson’s Art of Rhetoric, Oxford, 1909.


Brerewood, Edward. Enquiries touching the Diversity of Languages and Religion through the chief Parts of the World. 1614, 1622, 1647.

Brinsley, John. Ludus Literarius, or the Grammar Schoole; shewing how to proceede from the first entrance into learning, to the highest perfection required in the Grammar Schooles with ease, certainty and delight, both to Masters and Schollers; onely according to our common Grammar, and ordinary Classical authours, etc. 1612 and 1627.

Clarke, John (headmaster of Lincoln grammar school). Paroemiologia anglolatina … or Proverbs English and Latin; methodically disposed according to the commonplace heads in Erasmus his Adages. 1639. [Clarke says in his preface, he has gathered from Erasmus, scholars and friends, “over and besides my own observation of many golden proverbs dropping from vulgar mouths ima de plebe.” The most complete collection of English proverbs was that of John Ray, the naturalist, A Collection of English Proverbs with short Annotations, 1670, the preface to which gives an account of the previous English collections.]

Clarke, Samuel. The Marrow of Ecclesiastical History with Lives of 148 Fathers, Schoolmen, and modern Divines. 1649. 2nd ed. enlarged. 1654. 3rd ed. 1675.

Crow, William. An exact Collection or Catalogue of our English Writers on the Old and New Testament. 1663. [This consists of 270 pages of close type, giving references to English commentators on every book of the Bible, and almost to every chapter, and often to nearly every verse of a chapter. Crow’s book was followed by bishop Wilkins’s Catalogue in 1668.]

Dury, John. Reformed School. 1650.

Estienne, Henri. The Art of Making Devises. Treating of Hieroglyphicks, Symboles, Emblemes, Aenigmas, Sentences, Parables, Reverses of Medalls. Arms, Blazons, Cimiers, Cyphres and Rebus. Translated into English by Thomas Blount. 1650. [The making of “devices” involved some pictoria, representation together with a symbolic meaning. When this is expressed in words it becomes an emblem. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, emblem-books were a recognised recreation to the scholar. We learn from Farnaby and Hoole that they were used in schools as helps in phrase-making in both Latin and Greek prose and verse composition. Amongst the English emblem-writers were Geoffrey Whitney, Choice of Emblems, 1586; Andrew Willet, 1598; Peacham’s Minerva Britannia, 1612; Francis Quarles, 1635; George Wither, 1635. The foreign emblem-writers, Alciat, Bocchius, Jovius, Maccius, quickened language study, especially Latin (by presenting the foreign languages along with pictures of what was described in words) as well as serving for scholarly recreation. On emblem literature see Green, H., Shakespere and the Emblem-writers, 1870.]

Habington, Thomas. The Epistle of Gildas, a Britain entitled De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae, translated into English. 1638.

Hales, John. Golden Remains. 1659.

Harvey, William. Exercitatio Anatomica de Motu Cordis et Sanguinis in Animalibus. 1628.

Heylyn, Peter. Cosmographie in four bookes, containing the horographie and historie of the whole world. 1652.

Hoole, Charles. New Discovery of the Old Art of Teaching School. 1660. [This work, which contains the most complete school text-book bibliography, is extremely rare. There is a reprint in Henry Barnard’s English Pedagogy, 2nd ser., Hartford, U.S.A., 1876. The summarised list of about 300 school text-books is given in A. F. Leach’s Yorkshire Schools, vol. II of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, Record Ser. (vol. XXXIII), 1903.]

Horne, Thomas. Manuductio in aedem Palladis, quâ Utilissima Methodus Authores bonos legendi indigitatur. 1641. [Perhaps the best book on the method of classical study in the earlier stages, in the period.]

Howell, James. Lexicon Tetraglotton [English, French, Italian, Spanish]. 1660. [Howell pays great attention to the collection of proverbs in all these languages “to take off the reproach which useth to be cast upon her.” Leigh in his Foelix Consortium, 1663, gives a list of collections in various languages. Also, see Clarke, John.]

Junius, Franciscus [i.e. Du Jon, François]. Caedmonis monachi paraphrasis poetica Genesios. Amsterdam, 1655. Gothicum Glossarium, quo Argentii Codicis Vocabula explicantur, 1664, and in 1665, an edition of the Moeso-Gothic text of Ulphilas; Quatuor D.N.I.C. Evangeliorum Versiones perantiquae duae, Gothica scilicet [by Junius] et Anglo-Saxonica [by Marshall, T.]. Dort. 1665.

—— The Painting of the Ancients, in three Bookes: Declaring by Historicall observations and examples, the Beginning, Progresse, and Consummation of that most Noble Art. And how those ancient Artificers attained to their still so much admired Excellencie. 1638. Written first in Latin. Amsterdam, 1637.

Leigh, Edward. Foelix Consortium, or a first Conjunction of Religion and Learning.… Of Learning the Excellency and Usefulness of it, the Liberal Arts, the chiefest Languages, the Universities and Publick Schools of several Nations. Particularising the Men eminent for Religion and Learning divine or humane, among the Jews, Christian, Ancient or Modern Writers, Protestants or Papists, Characterising their Persons, and giving Judgment of their Works. 1663.

London, Wm. A Catalogue of The Most vendible Books in England, Orderly and Alphabetically Digested; Under the Heads of Divinity, History, Physick, and Chyrurgery, Law, Arithmetick, Geometry, Astrologie, Dialling, Measuring Land and Timber, Gageing, Navigation, Architecture, Horsemanship, Faulconry, Merchandize, Limning, Military Discipline, Heraldry, Fortification and Fire-works, Husbandry, Gardening, Romances, Poems, Playes, & c. With Hebrew, Greek and Latin Books, for Schools and Scholars. The like Work never yet performed by any. Varietas Delectat. London, Printed in the Year 1658, and Supplementary list, 1660. This book contains an Epistle Dedicatory to the Gentry, Ministers of the Gospel and others. Of a Peculiar Choice to the Wise, Learned and Studious in the Northern Counties of Northumberland, Bhpk. (Bishopric) of Durham, Westmoreland and Cumberland.

Minsheu, John. ‘H[char], id est Ductor in Linguas. The Guide into Tongues. Cum illarum harmonia, et etymologiis, Originationibus, Rationibus, et Derivationibus, in omnibus his undecim linguis, viz. 1 Anglica, 2 Cambro-Britannica, 3 Belgica, 4 Germanica, 5 Gallica, 6 Italica, 7 Hispanica, 8 Lusitanica seu Portigallica, 9 Latina, 10 Graeca, 11 Hebraea. 1617. [The enterprise was approved by the university of Oxford and by the “learned men,” Wm. Bedwell, And. Downes and A. Cappel, pastor of the French church, London.]

Somner, William. Dictionarium Saxonico-Latino-Anglicum cum Grammatica et Glossario Aelfrici. Oxford, 1659.

Ware, Sir James. De Scriptoribus Hiberniae. Dublin, 1639.


Walton, Brian (bp. of Chester). Biblia Sacra Polyglotta, complectentia Textus Originales, Hebraicum, cum Pentateucho Samaritano, Chaldaicum, Graecum. Versionumque Antiquarum, Samaritanae, Graecae LXXII. Interp., Chaldaicae, Syriacae, Arabicae, Aethiopicae, Persicae, Vulg. Lat. quicquid comparari poterat. Cum Textuum &Versionum Orientalium Translationibus Latinis ex vetustissimis MSS. undique conquistis, optimisque exemplaribus impressis, summa fide collatis. Cum Apparatu, Appendicibus, Tabulis, Variis Lectionibus, etc. etc. edidit Brianus Waltonus. 6 vols. [In Latin.] 1657. [The great triumph in oriental studies by English scholars of the period. The following scholars appear to have assisted Brian Walton in the undertaking: Edmund Castell, Archbp. Ussher, Herbert Thorndike, Edward Pococke, John Lightfoot, Thomas Greaves, Abraham Whelock, Samuel Clarke (architypographus of the university of Oxford), Dudley Loftus, John Vicars, David Stokes, Thomas Smith, Thomas Hyde, Richard Heath, Alexander Huish, Thomas Pierce, Henry Hammond, Patrick Young, archbp. Sheldon, archbp. Sterne, bp. Sanderson, bp. Ferne, William Fuller, Bruno Ryves, Samuel Baker, Richard Drake, John Johnson, Meric Casaubon, John Selden, William Norris, Claude Hardie.]

Pearson, John (bp. of Chester) and others. Critici Sacri: sive doctissimorum virorum in SS. Biblia Annotationes et Tractatus. [In Latin.] Ed. Pearson, John, Scattergood, A., Gouldman, F., and Pearson, R. 9 vols. 1660. In the Amsterdam ed. 1698–1732, increased to 13 volumes.

Poole, Matthew. Synopsis Criticorum Aliorumque de Scripturae Interpretum Opera Matthaei Poli. 5 vols. [In Latin.] 1669–76. [The two works above named, the Critici Sacri and the Synopsis, are the most learned collections of annotations and treatises on the Bible of the period. They include the work of both foreign and English scholars.]

Commentaries in English on the whole Bible

The Douay Commentary. 1609.

Commentaries. Ed. Mayer, John. 7 vols. 1653.

The Annotations of John Diodati. 1656.

The Dutch Annotations. Trans. Haak, Theodore. 2 vols. 1657.

The English Annotations. 2 vols. 1657.

[For commentaries on the separate books of the Bible, see Crow, Wm., in general list. In no direction were the energies of learned men more concentrated than on scriptural commentaries in this period. Amongst the most elaborate and best known were Caryl on Job; Greenhill on Ezekiel; Burroughs on Hosea; Gouge and also Owen, on the Hebrews; Manton on James; Jenkins on Jude; Wilkins on Ecclesiastes; Francis Taylor on Proverbs; Gataker on Isaiah, Jeremiah and Lamentations; Meric Casaubon on the Psalms; Ley on the Four Evangelists and on the Pentateuch; Mede on the Apocalypse.]

Ainsworth, Henry. Solomon’s Song of Songs in English Metre. 1623.

—— The Booke of Psalmes, Englished both in Prose and Metre. Amsterdam, 1612.

Bois, John. Veteris Interpretis cum Beza aliisque recentioribus Collatio in quatuor Evangeliis et Apostolorum Actis. Opus auspiciis Lanceloti [Andrewes] Wintoniensis Episcopi … coeptum et profectum. 1655.

Burgess, Anthony. 145 Expository Sermons on the whole 17th chapter according to John. 1656.

Cosin, John (bp. of Durham). History of Canon of Scripture. 1657.

Diodati, Giovanni. Pious Annotations upon the Holy Bible. 1643.

Ferrar, Nicholas [of Little Gidding]. The Actions and Doctrine and other Passages concerning our Lord … Jesus Christ, as they are related by the Foure Evangelists, reduced into one complete body of Historie. 1635. [Compiled by Ferrar, Nicholas, and his family.]

Fuller, Nicholas. Miscellaneorum Theologicorum, quibus non modo Scripturae Divinae, sed et aliorum classicorum Auctorum plurima monumenta explicantur atque illustrantur.… Oxon. 1616.

Hildesham, Arthur. CVIII Lectures upon the Fourth of John. 2nd ed. 1632.

—— CLII Lectures upon Psalm LI. Æ635.

Leigh, Edward. Critica Sacra in two parts; the first containing Observations on all the Radices or Primitive Hebrew Words of the Old Testament; the second, Philologicall and Theological Observations upon all the Greek Words of the New Testament. 1650.

Lightfoot, John. On the Canon of Scripture. 1652.

Mede, or Mead, Joseph. Clavis Apocalyptica ex innatis et insitis Visionum characteribus eruta et demonstrata. Cambridge, 1627.

—— The Key of the Revelation searched and demonstrated out of the naturall and proper characters of the visions. Translated by Richard More, with a Preface written by Dr. Twisse. 1643.

Smith, Miles. [Said to have written the Preface to the Authorised Version of the Bible.] 1611.

For names of further books on the Bible and Bible scholarship see Crow, Wm., in general list and section on divinity books in William London’s Catalogue (1660).


Burton, William. Annotations to the first Epistle of Clement the Apostle to the Corinthians. 1647. [Set forth in Latin by Patrick Young, 1633, for which this English translation was made “to cure the many distracting schisms of the time.”]

Burton, William. Clement the blessed Paul’s fellow labourer in the Gospel, his first Epistle to the Corinthians.… By William Burton. 1650.

Bustus, Matthaeus. Joannis Mauropi Epigrammata iambica carminaque in praecipuorum festorumque Patrumque pictas in tabulis imagines atque historias, et de aliis varii generis argumentis, graece edidit paucasque notas ad calcem libelli adjecit M. B. Etonae, 1610.

Evelyn, John. The Golden Book of St. Chrysostom, concerning the Education of children translated into English by John Evelyn Esq. 1659.

Harmar, John. Eclogae Sententiarum et Similitudinum e D. Chrysostomo decerptae, Graec. et Lat. cum Annot. 1622.

—— Lexicon, Etymologicon Graecum, junctim cum Scapula. London, 1637.

Healey, John. Of the Citie of God with the learned comments of Jo. Ludovicius Vives. Englished first by J. H. and now in this second edition compared with the Latin original, and in very many places corrected and amended. 1620. [First ed. 1610.]

Humphrey, R. Christian Offices Cristall glass, written by S. Ambrose. 1637.

Montagu, Richard (bp. of Norwich). Sancti Gregorii Nazianzeni in Julianum Invectivae duae. Cum Scholiis graecis nunc primum editis et eiusdem Authoris nonnullis aliis. Omnia ex Bibliotheca clarissimi viri D. Henrici Savilii edidit R. Montagu. Etonae, 1610.

—— Nonni Panopolitani collectio et expositio historiarum fabularumque in Gregorii Nazianzeni Orationes, sive Steleleuticas duas adversus Julianum Augustum. Graece, ex codice Bibl. Vindobonensis edidit R. Montagu, cum Gregorii Nazianzeni utraque in Julianum invectiva. Etonae, 1610.

—— [char] … ‘E[char]. Photii sanctissimi Patriarchae Constantinopolitani Epistolae … Latine redditae et Notis subinde illustratae. 1651.

—— Eusebii de Demonstratione Evangelica libri decem, omnia studio R. M. Latine facta, notis illustrata. 1628.

—— Sancti Justini … Apologia prima pro Christianis; cum Tryphone Judaeo Dialogus; subjunctis emendationibus et notis … Montacutii. [Published 1700.]

Rutherford, Samuel (1600–61). [Mentioned in Milton’s poem On the new forcers of conscience. For his works, see D. of N. B.]

Savile, Sir Henry. S. Joannis Chrysostomi Opera, Graece. 8 vols. Eton, 1610–13.

Spencer, William. Origenis contra Celsum libri octo. Eiusdem Philocalia. Gulielmus Spencerus … utriusque operis versionem recognovit, et annotationes adiecit. Cambridge, 1658.

Ussher, James. Polycarpi et Ignatii Epistolae. Graec. Lat. cum de eorum dissertatione Scriptis, deque Apostolicis Canonibus et Constitutionibus Clementi tributis. Oxon. 1644. Appendix Ignatiana. [Text (with Latin translation)—ex trium manuscriptorum codicum collatione, integritati suae restitutae.] The Barnabae Epistola was to have been included but the copy of the MS. was burnt by fire whilst with the printers.

—— Historia dogmatica controversiae inter orthodoxos et pontificios de scripturis et sacris vernaculis nunc primum edita. Accesserunt eisdem dissertationes duae de Pseudo-Dionysii scriptis et de epistola ad Laodicenos, ante hac ineditae. [Published with notes by Henry Wharton.] 1690.

Whelock, Abraham. Quatuor Evangeliorum Domini Nostri Jesu Christi versio Persica Syriacam et Arabicam suavissime redolens: Ad verba et mentem Graeci Textus fideliter et venuste concinnata. Codicibus tribus Manuscriptis ex Oriente in Academias utrasque Anglorum perlatis, operose invicem diligenterque collatis.… 1657.

Young, Patrick (Patricius Junius). Clementis ad Corinthios Epistola prior. Ex laceris reliquiis vetustissimi Exemplaris Bibliothecae regiae, eruit, lacunas explevit, Latinè vertit et notis brevioribus illustravit Patricius Junius etc. Oxon. 1633.

—— (Patricius Junius, Bibliothecarius regius). Catena Graecorum Patrum in beatum Job collectore Niceta, Heracleae Metropolita, ex duobus MSS. Bibliothecae Bodleianae codicibus, graece nunc primum in lucem edita, et latina versa. Accessit ad calcem textus Jobi [char], iuxta veram et germanam Septuaginta Seniorum interpretationem, ex venerando Bibliothecae Regiae MS. codice, et totius orbis antiquissimo ac praestantissimo. 1637.

—— (or Junius). Clementis ad Corinthios Epistola [cum Notis].


Chillingworth, William. The Religion of Protestants a safe Way to Salvation; or an Answer to a Book entitled Money and Truth, or Charity maintained by Catholics, which pretends to prove the contrary. Oxon. 1638. [Chillingworth makes much use of John Daillé, a learned French divine, “at about the same time lord Falkland did in his writings; who was wont to say it was worth a voyage to Paris to be acquainted with him.”]

Crakanthorp, Richard. Justinian the Emperor defended against Card. Baronius. 1616.

—— Defensio Ecclesiae Anglicanae contra M. Anton. de Dominis Archiep. Spalatensis Injurias. 1625. [“Which book was held to be the most exact piece for controversy since the time of the reformation,” Wood.]

—— Vigilius Dormitans. Rome’s Seer Overseen.… Wherein the exceeding frauds of Cardinall Baronius and Bineus are clearly discovered. Opus posthumum. 1631.

Featly, Daniel. [Author of nearly 40 different works, chiefly controversial.] Roma Ruens. 1644. [Against Rome.]

—— The Dippers Dipt. 1644. [Against the baptists.]

Montagu, Richard (bp. of Norwich). Appello Caesarem. 1625.

Rainolds, John. De ecclesiae Romanae idolatria. Oxoniae, 1596. [Rainolds was “placed by Colomies as amongst the first six in copiousness of erudition whom Protestantism had produced,” Hallam.]

Sutcliffe, Matthew. De Missa Papistica variisque synagogae Rom. circa Eucharistiae Sacramentum erroribus et corruptelis, adversus R. Bellarminum etc. 1603.

Twisse, William. Vindiciae Gratiae, Potestatis ac Providentiae Dei. Amstelo, dami, 1632. [686 close printed double columns, folio pages.]

For further contemporary books of disputational literature see section on Divinity in William London’s Catalogue (1660) in the Contemporary list ante, p. 537.


Baronius, Caesar, Cardinal. Annales Ecclesiastici. 1588–1609.

Bilson, Thomas (bp. of Winchester). De Perpetua Ecclesiae Christi Gubernatione. 1611.

Birckbek, Simon. The Protestant’s Evidence taken out of good records, showing that for 1500 years next after Christ, divers worthy guides of God’s Church have taught as the Church of England now doth. 1635. [“Valued by Selden and other learned men,” Wood.]

Casaubon, Isaac. De rebus sacris et ecclesiasticis exercitationes XVI ad Baronii Prolegomena in Annales. 1614.

Casaubon, Meric. On Credulity and Incredulity in things natural. civil and divine. 1668. Further part of work issued in 1670. 8vo.

Clarke, Samuel (minister of St. Benetfink). The Marrow of Ecclesiastical History, conteined in the Lives of the Fathers and other Learned Men. 1650. 3rd ed. 1675.

Crakanthorp, Richard. De Providentia Dei Tractatus. Cambridge, 1623.

Field, Richard. Of the Church. 4 books. 1606. 5th book. 1610.

Hall, Joseph (bp. of Norwich). Polemices Sacrae pars prior. Roma Irreconciliabilis. 1611.

Leigh, Edward. Treatise of Divinity in Three Books. 1646.

—— System or Body of Divinity in 10 Books. 1654.

Mason, Francis. Vindiciae Ecclesiae Anglicanae: sive de legitimo eiusdem ministerio, id est, de Episcoporum Successione, Consecratione, Electione, et Confirmatione.… Libri V. 2nd ed. Ed. Brent, Sir N. 1625.

Montagu, Richard (bp. of Norwich). Diatribae upon the first part of the late History of Tithes. 1621. [An attack on Selden’s History of Tithes, in which Montagu argues that tithes are due by divine right, and have prevailed in all religions, heathen as well as Jewish and Christian.]

—— Analecta Ecclesiasticarum Exercitationum. [In answer to the Annales Ecclesiastici of Baronius.] 1622.

—— Apparatus ad Origines Ecclesiasticas. Collectore R. Montacutio. Oxford, 1635.

—— R. Montacutii … de Originibus Ecclesiasticis Commentationum tomus primus. 1636.

—— [char]: seu, de Vita Jesu Christi … Originum Ecclesiasticarum libri duo. Accedit Graecorum versio et Index utriusque Partis. [Book II not published.] 1640(–36).

—— The Arts and Monuments of the Church before Christ Incarnate. 1642.

Pearson, John (bp. of Chester). Exposition of the Creed. 1659.

Rainolds, William. Calvino-Turcismus. Antwerp, 1597. [“Work of recondite learning,” Casaubon.]

Saltonstall, Wye. Ecclesiastical Histories of Eusebius. 5th edition of Meredith Hanmer’s translation (1577) to which were now added: Eusebius’s Four Books concerning the life of the Emperor Constantine and two Orations by W. S. 1650.

Savile, Sir Henry. Thomae Bradwardini, archiepiscopi olim Cantuariensis, de causa Dei, contra Pelagium et de virtute causarum. 1618.

Simson, Archibald. Hieroglyphica animalium terrestrium, volatilium, natatilium, reptilium, insectorum, vegetivorum, metallorum, lapidum, etc., quae in Scripturis Sacris inveniuntur et plurimorum aliorum, cum eorum interpretationibus, etc. 2 vols. Edinburgh, 1622–4.

Ussher, James. De Ecclesiarum Christianarum Successione et Statu. 1613.

—— Ecclesiarum Britannicarum Antiquates. 1639.

—— Cronologia Sacra. 1660. [This was completed at Ussher’s request by Gerard Langbaine “as the only man on whose learning he could rely.”]

—— De Romanae Ecclesiae symbolo epistolico vetere aliisque fidei formulis … diatriba. 1647.

Ussher, James. Annales Veteris Testamenti. 1659.

—— De Graeca Septuaginta. 1655.

For list of MSS. works not printed, see Parr’s Life of Ussher, pp. 106–8.

Whelock, Abraham. Bedae Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum 5 libris Latine, cum Saxonica Versione Alfredi Regis cumque Notis Abr. Wheloci: adiecta etiam Chronologia Saxonica, Sax. Lat. Cantab. 1643.

—— [Additis insuper Legibus Anglo-Saxonicis Sax. Lat. et Legibus Edwardi et Gulielmi Bastardi, latine, et Wilhelmi Conquestoris gallice et latine et Henrici I, latine tantum. Cantab. 1644.]

Young, Patrick (Patricius Junius). Bibliothecarius regius. Gilberti Foliot episcopi Londinensis expositio in Canticum Canticorum una cum compendio Alcuini nunc primum e Bibliotheca regia in lucem prodiit opera et studio Patricii Junii. 1638.

For further contemporary books on ecclesiastical and theological subjects, see sections on divinity in William London’s Catalogue (1660) in the Contemporary list, ante, p. 537.

For books on Cases of Conscience, see under Conscience in Watt, Robert, Bibliotheca Britannica, 4 vols., Edinburgh, 1824.


Bond, John. Persii Flacci Satirae. [With notes.] 1614.

—— Quinti Horatii Flacci Poemata, cum Notis. 1606.

Brinsley, John. For list of his school text-books of classical authors, see his Ludus Literarius (1612), ante, p. 536.

Busby, Richard. Juvenalis et Persii Satirae in usum Scholae Westmonasteriensis. 1656.

—— Martialis Epigrammata, in usum Scholae Westmonasteriensis. 1661.

Casaubon, Isaac. Persii Flacci Satirarum Liber. [Ed. with commentary.] 3rd ed. with additions by Meric Casaubon, Is. F. 1647.

Cogan, Thomas. Epistolarum familiarum Ciceronis Epitome. Cantab. 1602.

Dempster, Thomas. Antiquitatum Romanarum corpus absolutissimum, in quo praeter ea, quae Joannes Rosinus delineaverat, infinita supplentur, mutantur, adduntur. 1613.

—— Nomenclatura Scriptorum Scotorum. Bononiae, 1619.

—— Apparatus ad Historiam … Scriptorum Scotorum Nomenclatura. Bononiae, 1622.

Edmundson, Henry (d. 1659), “a most able person in his profession, one who had done great benefit for the public by his sedulous and industrious education of youth.” Lingua linguarum. The natural language of languages; wherein it is desired and endeavoured that Tongues may be brought to teach themselves and Words may be best fancied, understood and remembered. 1658. [In a vocabulary contrived and built upon analogy.]

—— Homonyma et Synonyma Linguae Latinae conjuncta et distincta. Oxon. 1661.

Evelyn, John. Essay on First Book of Lucretius de rerum natura with a metrical Version and Notes. 1656.

Farnaby, Thomas. Juvenalis et Persii Satirae; cum annotationibus marginalibus. 1612.

—— Senecae Tragoediae. [Ed. with notes.] 1613.

—— Martialis Epigrammaton libri. [Ed. with notes.] 1615.

Farnaby, Thomas. Lucani Pharsalia. [With notes.] 1618.

—— P. Virgilii Maronis Opera notis admarginalibus illustrata a Th. F. 1634.

—— and Casaubon, Meric. P. Terentii Afri Comoediae sex; ex recensione Heinsiana, cum adnotationibus T. F. in quatuor priores &Merici Casauboni Is. filii, in duas posteriores. 1651.

Gouldman, Francis. Dictionarium. 1664. [A “comprisal” of the Latin Dictionaries of Thomas Thomas, John Rider (1589), Thomas and P. Holland (1615). In his preface, Gouldman gives a history of the origins and sources of the whole range of Latin Dictionaries in England from Elyot’s Dictionary (1538) to his own (1664).]

Heath, John. Two Centuries of Epigrammes. 1610.

Holyoke, Francis. Dictionarium etymologicum Latinum. 1633. [In the final form, 1677–6, there are three parts, English-Latin, Latin-English, and a Dictionary of Names. This was edited and enlarged by the compiler’s son Thomas Holyoke, who claims that in the English-Latin part there are 10,000 more words than in any previous Dictionary.]

Jackson, Henry. Added marginal notes and copious Index to the de Tradendis Disciplinis of J. L. Vives, part of the de Disciplinis Libri XII, published at Leyden, 1612.

James, Wm. “Had a chief hand” (Anth. à Wood) in: The English Introduction to the Latin Tongue for the use of the Lower Forms in Westminster School. 1659.

Jones, Basset. Hermaelogium, or an Essay at the Rationality of the Art of Speaking as a Supplement to Lilye’s Grammar, philosophically, mythologically and emblematically offered. 1659. Perused and recommended to the reader as a rational book by Wm. Du Gard, M. T. School.

Kynaston, or Kinaston, Sir Francis. Translation of Chaucer’s Troilus and Cressida into Latin. Oxford, 1635. [Prefaced by fifteen short Latin poems.]

Leech, John. Epigrammatum Libri quatuor. 1622.

Ogilby, John. P. Virgilii Maronis Opera per J. Ogilvium edita. 1658. [With illustrations by Hollar, Faithorne, Lombart and others.]

Pengry, Moses. Cooper’s Hill (John Denham) latina redditum. 1676.

Savile, Sir Henry. Learned notes on and a Translation into English of Corn. Tacitus, his (1) end of Nero and Beginning of Galba, (2) Four books of Histories, (3) Life of Agricola. 1581–98. 4th ed. 1612. [Notes put into Latin by Is. Gruter and printed at Amsterdam. 1649.]

—— A view of certain militar matters. [In his translations of Tacitus.] 1591.

Stapylton, Sir Robert. Juvenal’s Sixteen Satires.… With Arguments, Marginal Notes and Annotations clearing the obscure places out of the History, Lawes, and Ceremonies of the Romans. 1647.

Stephens, Thomas. Publii Papinii Statii Silvarum libri V et duo Achilleidos, cum notis marginalibus. Cantab. 1651.

—— An Essay upon Statius; or five Books of the Thebais of P. Statius translated into English verse by Thomas Stephens. 1648.

Stradling, Sir John. Epigrammatum Libri quatuor. 1607.

Thomas, Thomas [and Holland, Philemon]. Dictionarium. 1615.

Webbe, George. Pub. Terentius: Andria translated. 1629.

Weston, Elizabeth Jane. Parthenicon Elizabethae Joannae Westoniae Virginis nobilissimae, poetriae florentissimae, linguarum plurimarum peritissimae. Lib. i. ii. iii. Prague, c. 1606. [With a list of learned women beginning with Deborah and ending with Elizabeth Weston.]


Barrow, Isaac. Euclidis Elementorum libri XV breviter demonstrati. Cantab. 1655. [Trans. by Barrow into English. 1660.]

Burton, William. Commentary on Antoninus his Itinerary or Journies of the Roman Empire so far as it concerneth Britain. 1658.

Busby, Richard (headmaster of Westminster school). Graecae Grammatices Rudimenta. c. 1660.

Camden, William. Institutio Graecae Grammatices Compendiaria in usum Regiae Scholae Westmonasteriensis. 1597. [The standard Greek Grammar for the seventeenth century as Lily’s Grammar was for Latin.]

Casaubon, Isaac. For the works of Casaubon, see list in Mark Pattison’s Life of Casaubon, 1892, pp. 475 ff. See, also, Landor, W. S., Imaginary Conversations.

Casaubon, Meric. Marci Antonini Imperatoris de Seipso et ad Seipsum libri XII …; nunc Xylandri versionem locis plurimis emendavit, et novam fecit; in Antonini libros Notas et Emendationes adjecit Mericus Casaubonus Is. F.… 1632.

—— Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, the Roman Emperour his Meditations concerning Himself [in English]. 1634.

—— De Verborum usu et accuratae eorum Cognitionis Utilitate Diatriba. 1647.

—— De quatuor Linguis Commentationis Pars prior quae, de Lingua Hebraica: et de Lingua Saxonica. 1650. [C. did not finish the Lat. and Greek.]

—— Cebetis Tabula … Gr. et Lat. cum … notis M. C. cum Epicteto. Cantab. 1659.

—— Notae et Emendationes in Optatum Afrum Milevitani episcopum de Schismate Donatistarum. 1631.

—— De nupera Homeri Editione Lugduno-Batavica Hackiana, cum latina versione et Didymi Scholiis; sed et Eustathio, et locis aliquot insignioribus ad Odysseam pertinentibus etc. 1659.

Chilmead, Edmund. De Musica antiquâ Graecâ. [At end of Oxford ed. of Aratus, edited by Fell, J., bishop of Oxford, 1672.]

Cogan, Thomas. The History of the World by Diodorus Siculus, done into English. 1653.

Donne, John. The auncient History of the Septuagint. Written in Greeke by Aristeus 1900 years since.… Concerning the first translation of the holy Bible by the 72 Interpreters.… 1633.

Downes, Andrew. Eratosthenes, hoc est, brevis et luculenta Defensio Lysiae pro caede Eratosthenis, praelectionibus illustrata. Camb. 1593.

—— Notes in Sir Henry Savile’s edition of St. Chrysostom, vol. VIII. (1613.)

—— Praelectiones in Philippicam de Pace Demosthenis. 1621.

—— Letters in Greek to Casaubon. (Epistolae.)

—— Greek verses on death of Dr. Whittaker (St. John’s Coll.).

—— Greek and Latin verses on death of Prince Henry. 1612.

Duport, James (regius professor of Greek, Cambridge). [char], sive Liber Job, Graeco carmine redditus autore J[acobo] D[uport]. Cantab. 1637.

—— [char] ’E[char], sive metaphrasis libri Psalmorum. 1666.

—— [char] ’E[char], sive tres libri Solomonis scilicet, Proverbia, Ecclesiastes, Cantica, Graeco carmine donati per J. D. 1646.

—— Homeri Poetarum omnium saeculoru famcile Principis Gnomologia, duplici Parallelismo illustrata: Uno ex locis S. Scripturae, quibus Gnomae Homericae aut probe affines, aut non prorsus absimiles. Altero ex Gentium Scriptoribus; ubi Citationes, Parodiae, Allusiones et denique loci Paralleli, etc. Cantab. 1660.

Duport, James. [char] E[char]. 1665. [The Book of Common Prayer in ancient Greek.]

Everard, Dr. John. Divine Pymander of Hermes Trismegistus translated into English. 1650.

Farnaby, Thomas. Tabulae Graecae Linguae. [? date.]

Gataker, Thomas. Marci Antonini Imperatoris de rebus suis, sive de eis quae ad se pertinere censebat, Libri XII, Locis haud paucis repurgati, suppleti, restituti: Versione insuper Latina nova; Lectionibus item variis, Locisque parallelis, ad marginem adjectis; Ac Commentario perpetuo, explicati atque illustrati.… Cantab. 1652. [For other contributions to classical learning by Gataker, see his Cinnus, sive Adversaria Miscellanea, 1651, and his Posthuma, 1659.]

Greaves, John, and Foster, Samuel. Lemmata Archimedis, apud Graecos et Latinos iam pridem desiderata, e vetusto codice manuscripto Arabico a J. G. traducta, et cum Arabum scholiis publicata, edidit et suis animadversionibus illustravit S. F. 1659. [For editions of other writings on Greek mathematicians by Englishmen of the period, see Wallis, John, Opera mathematica, vol. III, Oxon. 1699–93.]

Grimeston, Edward. The History of Polybius translated into English by E. G. 1634.

H., S. The Aphorisms of Hippocrates translated into English. 1610.

Hall, John (of Gray’s Inn). Hierocles upon the Golden Verses of Pythagoras … Englished by J. H., etc. 1657.

Healey, John. Epictetus his Manuall and Cebes his Table. Out of the Greek originall. 1610.

Hodges, Anthony. Achilles Tatius. The Loves of Clitophon and Leucippe. Englished by A. H. Oxon. 1638.

Langbaine, Gerard. Dionysii Longini Rhetoris de grandi Loquentia [translated into Latin with notes by G. L.]. 1636. [Longinus on the Sublime was trans. into English by Hall, John, in 1652.]

Price, John. Commentarii in varios Novi Testamenti libros … Annotationes in Psalmorum librum etc. 1660. [A learned work in its grasp of Greek and especially in its illustrative passages from church doctors as well as from classical sources.]

Rainolds, John. Plutarchi Chaeronensis I de utilitate ex hostibus capienda. II de morbis animi et corporis. D. Johanne Rainoldo Interprete. Oxon. 1614.

Selden, John. Marmora Arundelliana, sive Saxa graece incisa, ex venerandis priscae Orientis gloriae ruderibus, auspiciis et impensis Ill. Thomae, Comitis Arundelliae etc. vindicata et in aedibus eius hortisque disposita. Accedunt Inscriptiones aliquot veteris Latii, ex eiusdem vetustatis Thesauro selectae. Publicavit et Commentariolos adjecit Joh. Seldenus. Londini, 1628. [Selden was assisted by James, Richard, and Young, Patrick.]

Shirley, James (dramatist-schoolmaster). E[char], sive Introductorium Anglo-Latino-Graecum. Complectens Colloquia familiaria, Aesopi Fabulas, et Luciani Selectiores Mortuorum Dialogos. In usum scholarum. 1656. [The dialogues of Lucian occupy 64 pp. The book is a Greek reading-book; there is no grammar.]

Stanley, Thomas. Anacreon, Bion, Moschus; Kisses by Secundus; Cupid crucified by Ausonius: Venus Vigills translated into English with Notes. 1651.

Stapylton, C. B. Herodian’s Imperial History converted into an Heroic Poem. 1652.

Stapylton, Sir Robert. Musaeus on the Loves of Hero and Leander [with annotations by Sir R. S.]. 1647.

Stubbe, Henry. Otium Literarum. Sive Miscellanea quaedam Poemata. Oxon. 1656. [Includes Deliciae Poetarum Anglicanorum in Graecum translatae, 1656 and 1658.] [Stubbe translated into Greek from Randolph and Crashaw in Horae Subsecivae, 1651.]

Thornley, George. Longus: Amours of Daphnis and Chloe translated into English. 1657.

Ussher, James. De Graeca Septuaginta, Interpretum Versione Syntagma: cum Libri Estherae editione Origenicâ, &vetere Graecâ alterâ, ex Arundelliana Bibliotheca nunc primum in lucem producta, etc. 1655.

Wallis, John (Savilian professor of Geometry at Oxford). Claudii Ptolemaei harmonicorum libri tres. Ex codd. MSS. undecim, nunc primum graece editi. J. Wallis … recensuit, edidit, versione et notis illustravit et auctarium adjecit. Oxon. 1682. [First Greek text of the work (with Latin translation) and contains an account of Greek music, also a collection of passages from ancient authors bearing on musical theory, some from MS. copies. A work of considerable research and scholarship.]

Wase, Christopher. Electra, translated from the Greek of Sophocles. 1649.

Winterton, Ralph. Poetae Minores Graeci. Hesiodus, Theocritus, Moschus, Bion Smyrn., Simmias Rhod., Musaeus, Theognis, Phocylides, Pythagoras, Solon, Tyrtaeus, Simonides, Rhianus, Linus, Callimachus, Evenus Par., Eratosthenes, Menecrates, Posidippus, Metrodorus, Fragmenta quaedam Philemonis, etc. Cantab. 1635.


Ainsworth, Henry. Annotations on the Pentateuch. 1607.

—— The Book of Psalms: Englished both in prose and metre [with annotations]. 1612.

Bythner, Victorinus. Lyra prophetica Davidis Regis, sive Analysis Criticopractica Psalmorum. [A grammatical account of every word in the Hebrew Psalter.] 1650.

Gataker, Thomas. Critica Opera (published 1698). [Include translations from the Hebrew of parts of Old Testament.]

Leigh, Edward. Critica sacra, on the Hebrew Words of the old and on the Greek of the New Testament. 1639 and 1646. Supplement. 1662.

Lightfoot, John. Opera omnia. 2 vols. Rotterdam, 1686.

—— Erubhin: or Miscellanies, Christian and Judaicall, etc. 1629.

—— Harmony, Chronicles and Order of the Old Testament. 1647.

—— Harmony of the New Testament. Illustrated with variety of observations upon difficulties Textual and Talmudical. 1655.

—— Harmony of the four Evangelists among themselves and with the Old Testament, with an explanation of the chiefest difficulties both in language and sense. Part 1, 1644. Part II, 1647. Part III, 1650.

—— Horae Hebraicae et Talmudicae. Leipzig, 1675. [Published as a whole. Probably the greatest Hebrew work of the period.]

Mede, Joseph. Works. Ed. Worthington, John. 1664–63. [“Abound” in Hebrew learning.]

Robertson, William. A Gate or Door to the Holy Tongue opened in English. 1653.

—— The Second Gate or the Inner Door. 1655.

—— Key to the Hebrew Bible. 1656.

Rowley, Alexander. The Scholer’s Companion; or all the Words in the Greek and Hebrew Bible interpreted. 1648.

Spencer, John. Dissertatio de Urim et Thummim. Camb. 1669. [Pioneer in tracing the relations between Hebrew rites and those practised by ancient Egyptians.]

—— In his De Legibus Hebraeorum, Ritualibus et earum Rationibus (Camb. 1685) which incorporates the above book, it has been claimed that Spencer “laid the foundations of the science of comparative religion.”

Taylor, Francis. Opuscula Rabbinica. 1654.

—— Targum Prius et Posterius in Esteram. 1655.

—— Tractatus de Patribus: Rabbi Nathane authore. [Translated into Latin, with marginal notes.] 1654.

Welton, D. M. John Lightfoot. 1878. [With bibliography of Hebrew grammars and lexicons.]


Scholarship in this period in oriental subjects was brought to a centre in the great Biblia Sacra Polyglotta of Brian Walton, see under Bible and Biblical Scholarship, ante, p. 538. For list of English oriental scholars, contributing to that work, see p. 538.

Bedwell, William. Made “vast collections” for an Arabic Lexicon in Camb. Univ. MSS. These were lent to Castell for the Arabic portion of his Polyglot Lexicon.

Beveridge, Wm. Excellency and Use of the Oriental Languages, especially Hebrew, Chaldee, Syriac and Samaritan together with a Grammar of the Syriac Language. 1658.

Castell, Edmund. Lexicon Heptaglotton Hebraicum, Chaldaicum, Syriacum, Samaritanum, Æthiopicum, Arabicum, conjunctim: et Persicum, separatim. 1669. [“The assiduous labour” of 17 years.]

Pococke, Edward (first lecturer on Arabic in univ. of Oxford). Specimen Historiae Arabum. 1650. [Based on researches in over 100 Arabic MSS.]

—— Porta Mosis. [Six prefatory discourses of Maimonides on the Mishnaioth, with Latin translation and notes, Arabic printed in Hebrew characters.] Oxon. 1655.

—— Contextio Gemmarum. [Annals of Eutychius.] Arab. and Lat. 1655 ff. Ravis, C. General Grammar for the Hebrew, Samaritan, Chaldee, Syriac, Arabic and Ethiopic Tongues. 1649.

And other books published abroad.

In the Thomason Collection (Brit. Mus. library) is a printed circular asking for notice to be given in public the next Lord’s Day that Ravis would begin a course of lectures on the oriental tongues the following Thursday week at London House [26 August 1647].