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The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
Volume VII. Cavalier and Puritan.

XV. The Beginnings of English Journalism



“Relations” and other isolated pamphlets of news can be identified by the names of the publishers of the newsbooks which are attached to them. It has not been found possible to catalogue these, owing to their number. Henry Walker alone issued more than 90 during the years 1647 and 1648.

Pamphlets and books by the different writers are numbered in chronological order, and pamphlets by other writers to which they gave rise or which they answered, etc., have been added in order of date. The dates are those of George Thomason, and will enable the reader to find them in the catalogue of the Thomason tracts.

Audley, Thomas. 18 Jan., 1643/4. Mercurius Aquaticus; or the Water Poets answer to all that shall be written by Mercurius Britanicus. (By John Taylor.)

—— 14 Feb., 1643/4. A checke to Britanicus. (Supposed to be by Prynne-Thomason.)

—— 29 Feb., 1644. A Check to the Checker of Britanicus etc. (By John Saltmarsh.)

Audley, Thomas. Aug., 1645. Mercurius Anti-Britanicus; or, the second part of the King’s Cabinet vindicated.

Berkenhead, Sir John. 1645. The true character of Mercurius Aulicus (Burney 20 A).

—— 1. 1 Sept. 1647. The four legg’d Elder.

—— 2. 1648. News from Pembroke and Montgomery or Oxford Manchestered.

—— 3. 20 Sept., 1652. Paul’s Churchyard: libri theologici, politici, historici; Nundinis Paulinis una cum Templo extant venales. Centuria tertia.

—— 4. 13 June, 1659. Bibliotheca Militum; or the Souldiers publick library lately erected for the benefit of those that love the Good old Cause at Wallingford House.

—— 5. 6 July, 1659. Paul’s Churchyard.… Juxta seriem alphabeti democratici. Done into English for the assembly of Divines.

Wood, Anthony à. Athenae Oxonienses, III, 1203. Ed. Bliss, P. 1817.

Aubrey, John. Brief Lives, 1, 104. Ed. Clark, A. Oxford, 1898.

Hackluyt, John. 1. (Nov.) 1644. Verses on the siege of Gloucester, and col. Massey. [Reprinted 25 Jan., 1645.]

—— 2. 20 July, 1647. An Alarum for London. Partly delivered in a sermon the last fast, neere by Bishopsgate in London.

Harris, John. 1. 22 July, 1647. The Souldiers Sad Complaint (Verse).

—— 2. 8 Dec., 1647. The Grand Designe or a discovery of that form of slavery entended and in part brought upon the free people of England by a powerful party in the Parliament and L. G. Cromwell, Commissary Gen. Ireton and others of that faction. Also the pretended designe of Levelling refuted and cleared from those aspersions cast upon the authors of the peoples agreement. By Sirrahniho.

—— 3. 9 Feb., 1648. The royall Quarrell or Englands lawes and liberties vindicated against the tyrannical usurpations of the Lords, by Sir John Maynard. Being a legall justification of him and other Lords and aldermen unjustly imprisoned under pretence of treason. By Sirranio.

—— 4. 22 Feb., 1648. A Lash for a Lyar or the Stayner stained. Being an answer to a pamphlet entitled The Triumph Stayned, by George Masterson. Written by Jah. Norris.

—— Sept. 1660. The speech of Major John Harris at the place of execution near St. Mary Axe. With his confession touching the most horrid murder of our late King Charles.

Muddiman, Henry. 1. 29 March, 1660. Sir Politique uncased. Or a sober answer to a juggling pamphlet Entituled: “A Letter Intercepted, printed for the use and benefit of the ingenuous reader. In which the two different forms of Monarchy and Popular government are briefly controverted. The Commonwealth Party are advised not to buy this. By N. D. Gent.” By D. N. Gent. (See Marchamont Nedham.)

—— 2. 1671. The Colloquies or Familiar Discourses of Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam. Rendered into English.

Wood, Anthony à. Athenae Oxonienses, III, 1180 (life of Nedham).

—— Life and Times. Ed. Clark, A. 1891 ff.

Nedham, Marchamont. 17 Jan., 1645. Britanicus his Blessing. Britanicus his Welcome. (Verse.) Cambridge. Printed by Roger Daniel. Printer to the University.

—— May, 1645. Mercurius Anti-Britanicus or the Second Part of the King’s Cabinet Vindicated, etc.

Nedham, Marchamont. 1. 11 Aug., 1645. Mercurius Britanicus. His Apologie to all well affected people.

—— 13 Aug., 1645. Aulicus his Hue and Cry sent forth after Britanicus. Who is generally reported to be a lost man. (By Francis Cheynell.)

—— 2. 16 July, 1646. Independencie no schisme.

—— 1647. Mercurius Britanicus, his welcome to Hell. (By Sir Francis Wortley.)

—— 3. 25 March, 1647. Mercurius Britanicus his Vision. (Verse. Reply to above.)

—— 4. 12 June, 1647. The case of the Kingdom stated, according to the interests of the severall parties ingaged.…

—— 5. 1 July, 1647. The Lawyer of Lincolnes Inne reformed; or an apology for the Army, occasioned by IX Queries upon the charge of the Army against the XI members.

—— 3 July, 1647. Anti-Machiavell or Honesty against Policy. (In answer to the above.)

—— 29 July, 1647. Match me these two; or the conviction and arraignment of Britannicus and Lilburne.

—— 26 Aug., 1647. The Commitee Man’s Complaint, and the Scots Honest Visage. (Verses.) (By Cleiveland?)

—— 26 Aug., 1647. The Poore Committee Man’s accompt avouched by Britanicus. (Verses.) (By Cleiveland?)

—— 6. 23 May, 1648. The manifold practices and attempts of the Hamiltons, and particularly of the present Duke of Hamilton to get the crown of Scotland. (Doubtful.)

—— 7. 20 Nov., 1648. A Plea for the King and Kingdome, by way of Answer to the late Remonstrance of the Army presented to the House of Commons on 20 Nov. By Mercurius Pragmaticus.

—— 8. 9 April, 1649. Digitus Dei. Or God’s justice upon treachery and treason; exemplifyed in the Life and Death of the late James, Duke of Hamilton.

—— 9. 7 May, 1649. A Most Pithy exhortation delivered in an Eloquent oration to the Watry generation aboard their Admiral at Gravesend by the Right Reverend Mr. Hugh Peters… By Mercurius Pragmaticus.

—— 10. 8 May, 1650. The Case of the Commonwealth of England stated; or, the equity, utility, and necessity, of a submission to the present government.…

—— 14 Aug., 1650. The Character of Mercurius Politicus. (By John Cleiveland.)

—— 23 Oct., 1650. The Second Character of Mercurius Politicus. (By John Cleiveland.)

—— 11. 1652. John Selden; of the Dominion, or the Ownership of the Sea, two books. Translated by M. Nedham.

—— 12 Oct., 1653. The picture of Mercurius Politicus; or some of his falsities and mistakes mentioned in his intelligence of 12 Oct. concerning the dispute in Lumbard St. detected and disproved. By John Webster.

—— 12. 14 May, 1657. The office of Publick Advice newly set up in several places in and about London and Westminster by authority. (See Oliver Williams for an answer.)

—— 13. 30 July, 1657. The Great Accuser cast down. Or a publick trial of Mr. John Goodwin at the bar of religion and right reason. Being a full answer to a book of his entituled, “The Triers tried and cast” etc.

—— 25 Aug., 1657. A letter of addresse to the Protector occasioned by Mr. Needham’s reply to Mr. Goodwin’s book against the Triers. By a person of quality (D. F.).

Nedham, Marchamont. 14. 17 Aug., 1659. Interest will not lie; or a View of England’s true Interest. In refutation of a pamphlet entituled The Interest of England stated.

—— 29 Oct., 1659. A New Year’s gift for Mercurius Politicus. (Verse. By William Kilburne.)

—— 15. 10 March, 1660. Newes from Brussels; in a letter from a neer attendant on his Majesties person, 10 March 1660.

—— The late news from Brussels unmasqued. (By John Evelyn. Reprinted in his miscellaneous works, ed. 1825.)

—— 16. 23 March, 1660. A Letter intercepted, etc., By N. D. Gent. (See Henry Muddiman for an answer to this.)

—— 9 April, 1660. The Downfall of Mercurius Britannicus, Pragmaticus, Politicus, that three headed Cerberus. Printed in the year that the Saints are disappointed. (Verse.)

—— 7 Sept., 1660. A Rope for Pol; or a hue and cry after Marchemont Nedham, the late scurrulous newswriter. Being a collection of his blasphemies and revilings against the King’s Majesty, published in his weekly Politicus. (By Sir Roger L’Estrange.)

—— 17. 1663. A Discourse concerning schools and schoolmasters.

—— 18. 1665. Medela Medicinae.

—— 19. 1676. A Pacquet of Advices and animadversions sent from London to the men of Shaftesbury.

—— 20. 1677. A Second Pacquet of Advices.

—— 21. 1678. Christianissimus Christianandus; or, Reasons for the reduction of France to a more Christian state in Europe.

Wood, Anthony à. Athenae Oxonienses, III, 1180 (life of Marchamont Nedham). (Contains many errors.)

Parker, Martin. 1. 24 Sept., 1647. The Armies Letanie; imploring the blessing of God on the present proceedings of the Armie. By the author of Mercurius Melancholicus.

—— 2. 6 Oct., 1647. A Recommendation to Mercurius Morbicus.

—— 3. 13 Nov., 1647. The second part to the same Tune or the Letanie continued.

—— 4. 1 Jan., 1648. A New Yeeres Gift for the Saints at Westminster. Or the Countrey’s blessing to the Parliament. Presented by the afflicted Commons.

—— 5. 10 Jan., 1648. Loyalty speaks truth; or a conference of the Grand Mercuries, Pragmaticus, Melancholicus and Elenticus concerning the present condition of his Majesty and this blessed Parliament.

—— 6. 27 Jan., 1648. The cities Welcome to Col. Rich and Col. Baxter. (Verse.)

—— 7. 10 Feb., 1648. Craftie Cromwell; or Oliver ordering our New State Wherein is described the trayterous undertakings of the said No1. and his levelling crew. Written by Mercurius Melancholicus.

—— 8. 22 Feb., 1648. The Cryes of Westminster; or a whole pack of Parliamentary knavery opened. (Verses.)

—— 9. 29 April, 1648. Mistris Parliament brought to bed of a monstrous childe of Reformation. With the cruelty of Mistris London her midwife. By Mercurius Melancholicus. Printed in the yeer of the Saints fear.

—— 10. 8 May, 1648. Troynovant must not be burnt. Or an exhortative to the City to preserve themselves. (Verse.)

—— 11. 10 May, 1648. Ding Dong; or Sr. Pitiful Parliament on his deathbed. His pulses felt by Dr. King and his water cast by Dr. Bishop. By Mercurius Melancholicus.

Parker, Martin. 12. 10 May, 1648. Mistris Parliament presented in her bed after sore travaile in the birth of her monstrous offspring the Childe of Deformation. By Mercurius Melancholicus.

—— 13. 22 May, 1648. Mistris Parliament, her Gossipping. Full of mirth, Merry tales, and other pleasant discourse. By Mercurius Melancholicus.

—— 14. 6 June, 1648. Mrs. Parliament. Her invitation of Mrs. London to a Thanksgiving dinner for the great and mighty victory which Mr. Horton obtained over Major Powell in Wales. By Mercurius Melancholicus.

—— 15. 15 June, 1648. The Cuckoo’s Nest at Westminster, or the Parlement between the two Lady birds, Quean Fairfax and Lady Cromwell, sadly bemoaning the fate of their deer and ab-horned husbands. By Mercurius Melancholicus. Printed in Cuckoo Time.

—— 16. 17 July, 1648. A choak Peare for the Parliament. Printed at Colechester.

—— 17. 15 Aug., 1648. A Nose-gay for the House of Commons. Made up of the stincking flowers of their seven years labours. By Mercurius Melancholicus.

Pecke, Samuel. I. 10 April, 1645. A full answer to a scandalous pamphlet intituled “A character of a London Diurnall.”

—— 9 Sept., 1647. A Fresh Whip for all Scandalous Lyers etc.

Sheppard, Samuel. I. 7 Dec., 1646. The Times displayed in six Sestyads.

—— 2. 16 July, 1647. The Committee Man curried. A Comedy. Discussing the corruption of Committee Men and Excise Men etc.

—— 3. 14 Aug., 1647. The Second Part of the Committee Man curried.

—— 4. 3 Dec., 1647. The Levellers Levell’d or the Independents conspiracie to root out Monarchie. An Interlude. Written by Mercurius Pragmaticus.

—— 5. 6 Jan., 1651. The Joviall Crew, or, the Devil turn’d Ranter etc.

—— 6. 1651. Epigrams.

—— 7. 13 Sept., 1652. The Weepers; or, the Bed of Snakes broken & c.

Smith, George. I. 1 March, 1643. The Protestant Informer. Showing the causes and end of this unjust warre. By Gregory Thims.

—— 2. 21 Aug., 1643. Great Britain’s Misery; with the causes and cure. Vindicating the lawfulness of raising arms by the Parliament against that viperous generation of Papists.

—— 3. 17 Oct., 1643. The three Kingdoms Healing Plaister or the Solemne Covenant Explained.

—— 4. 31 July, 1645. England’s Pressures; or the people’s complaint.

—— 5. 25 Dec., 1646. The Scotish Dove sent out the last time.

—— 6. 30 May, 1646. An alarum to the last warning peece to London by way of answer discussing the danger of sectaries suffered. Wherein the Presbiterian way of government and the Independent liberty is compared.

—— 7. 16 June, 1648. England and Scotland united, disjoyned. Or a gentle corosive and healing plaister applied to two dying kingdoms. By Ethog Grimes Gent.

—— 8. 17 Jan., 1655. God’s Unchangeableness; wherein is proved that Oliver Cromwell is by the providence of God lord protector of England Scotland and Ireland.

Walker, Henry. I. June 1641. An Answer to a foolish pamphlet entituled “A swarm of sectaries and schismaticks,” put forth by John Taylor the Water Poet etc.

—— June 1641. A Reply as true as steele to a Rusty, Rayling, Ridiculous, Lying Libell by an impudent unsoder’d ironmonger called “An Answer etc., etc.” By John Taylor. (In verse, with woodcut.)

Walker, Henry. 2. 1641. Taylor’s Physicke has purged the Divel, etc. By Voluntas Ambulatoria. (In verse, with woodcut.)

—— 1641. The Irish Footman’s poetry. Or George the Runner against Henry the Walker, in defence of John the Swimmer, etc. (By John Taylor.)

—— 3. Sept. 1641. A remarkable revelation of the wanderings of the Church of England in Idolatry, Superstition and Ceremonies.

—— 4. Sept. 1641. A true Copie of the Disputation held betweene Master Walker and a Jesuite, in the house of one Thomas Bates, concerning the Ecclesiasticall function.

—— 5. Oct. 1641. A Motion presented to the Committee of Parliament, consisting of 18 queres concerning the booke of Common Prayer, etc.

—— 6. Oct. 1641. A discovery of the proceedings of William Laud, in bringing innovations into the Church, etc., etc.

—— 7. Oct. 1641. The Apprentices Warning piece.

—— 8. Oct. 1641. A Bull from Rome, consisting of 15 pardons for delinquents in these kingdomes.

—— 9. Oct. 1641. Canterburie’s Pilgrimage. In the testimony of an accused conscience for the bloud of Mr. Burton, Mr. Prynne and Doctor Bastwicke.

—— 10. Oct. 1641. Newes from Rome; or a true relation of the conference which the Pope held at Rome against Bohemia and these parts of England, Scotland and Ireland.

—— 11. Oct. 1641. The Original of the Popish Liturgie, or the arguments alleadged by the Papists in defence of the Booke of Common Prayer.

—— 12. Nov. 1641. An exact copy of a letter sent to William Laud, late archbishop of Canterbury, now prisoner in the Tower.

—— 13. 1641. A Gad of Steele, wrought for the Heart to defend it from being battered by Sathans temptation.

—— 14. 1642 (March). The sermon of Henry Walker, Ironmonger.

—— April 1642. A seasonable lecture; or, a most learned oration disburthened from Henry Walker, a most judicious quondam ironmonger, a late Pamphleteere and now (too late or to osoone) a double diligent preacher, as it might have been delivered in Hatcham Barne, the 30th day of March last, Stylo Novo. Taken in short writing by Thorny Ailo, and now printed in words at length and not figures. (Two woodcuts. Thomason’s note—“Tobies Dog.”)

—— 12 July, 1642. The whole life and Progresse of Henry Walker the Ironmonger. Collected and written by John Taylor.

—— 15. 23 Jan., 1643. The Modest Vindication of Henry Walker in reply to certain scandalous pamphlets forged and vented abroad in his name.

—— 16. 31 Dec., 1644. Corda Angliae; moving XXV particulars to parliament. (“The epistle only,” according to Thomason’s note.)

—— 17. 15 Dec., 1646. A Reply to a letter printed at Newcastle under the name of an answer sent to the Ecclesiasticall Assembly at London about matters concerning the King and the Church, etc. By Luke Harruney.

—— 25 Feb., 1647. Mercurius Britanicus his Welcome to Hell, with the Devil’s blessing upon Britanicus. (By Sir Francis Wortley.)

—— 18. 27 August, 1647. His Majesties declaration to all his loving subjects concerning his gracious inclination for Peace. Briefly expressing the Royal Disposition of His Majesty toward the Honourable City of London and for the good of his kingdom in general. By his Majesties command. Printed for one of his Majesties servants. (Illustration of Royal Arms. Thomason’s note “False.” See The ould Protestants Letanie, 7 Sept., 1647, and A letter sent from Col. Whaley. Being commanded by the King to declare his Majesties great dislike of a late pamphlet scandalous to his Majesty, 7 Sept., 1647.)

Walker Henry. 9 Sept., 1647. A Fresh Whip for all scandalous Lyers. Or a true description of the two eminent pamphliteers or squib-tellers of this Kingdome.

—— 6 Oct., 1647. A Recommendation to Mercurius Morbicus. Together with a fair character upon his worth. (By Martin Parker.)

—— 19. Dec., 1647. The Bloudy Almanack, for this present Jubilee. By Mr. John Booker.

—— 20. 29 Dec., 1647. Wonderfull Predictions declared in a message, as from the Lord, to Sir Thomas Fairfax and the Councell of his army. By John Saltmarsh.

—— 21. 15 Jan., 1648. A Motion propounded to the Committee of Parliament for redresse of the Publique grievances of the Kingdome. By Neh. Lawkerry.

—— 22. 3 Feb., 1648. Severall Speeches delivered at a conference concerning the power of Parliament to proceed against their King for misgovernment.

—— 23. 1 March, 1648. Vindiciae contra Tyrannos. (By Junius Brutus, i.e. Hubert Languet, in 1579. A Translation.)

—— 24. 13 March, 1648. An Elogie or Eulogie on the obits of Ferdinando Lord Fairfax. (Verse; with a woodcut.)

—— 25. 19 April, 1648. The Protestants Grammar for helpe to Beleevers to understand the Scripture. Written by Henry Walker, S. S. Theol. S. (Illustration of Sacred Heart.) (Dedication to the Speakers of the Lords and Commons.)

—— 26. 11 Jan., 1649. A List of the names of the judges of the High Court of Justice for tryall of the King.

—— 27. 20 Jan., 1649. Collections of Notes taken at the King’s Tryall. By H. Walker who was present at the Tryall.

—— 28. 22 Jan., 1649. Collections of Notes taken at the King’s Tryall.

—— 29. 23 Jan., 1649. Collections of Notes taken at the King’s Tryall. Also a paper of instructions intercepted coming from Scotland to the Scots Commissioners concerning the King.

—— 30. 26 Jan., 1649. The prophecy of the White King explained.

—— 31. 27 Jan., 1649. Collections of Notes taken at the King’s Tryall. With the Sentence.

—— 32. 30 Jan., 1649. The King’s last farewell to the World. (Verses.)

—— 33. 15 July, 1649. A Sermon preached in the King’s Chappell at Whitehall. On Sunday last July 15, 1649. By Henry Walker, cleric, author of the “Perfect Occurrences,” Matt. 7. 15.

—— 34. 11 April, 1650. A perfect table of 145 victories obtained by the Lord Lt. of Ireland from Aug., 1, 1649 to March the last 1650. (Steel plate of Cromwell. Wrongly dated 1 Aug., 1649 in the Thomason catalogue.)

—— 35. 27 June, 1650. A Sermon preached in the Chappell at Somerset House 27 June. It being the day on which the Lord Generall Cromwell entred into his power of being Captain Generall, etc.

—— 36. 26 July, 1650. A History, or brief chronicle of the chief matters of the Irish Warres. (Portrait of Cromwell.) (Wrongly dated 1 Aug., 1649 in the Thomason catalogue.)

—— 37. 1 Jan., 1651. The true manner of the crowning of Charles II King of Scotland. Together with a description of his life and a clear view of his Court and Counsel. (Engraved portrait.)

Walker, Henry. 38. 1 March, 1651. [char]E10[char]. Divine Beames of Glorious Light. Shining from the sacred Scriptures which expel the Fogges of Error.… Written by one who desires more that God may be glorified then to affix his name to gain the vaine applause of Man.

—— 39. 6 Oct., 1651. A Perfect List of all the Victories obtained by the Lord General Cromwell to the present time. (Portrait.)

—— 40. 6 Nov., 1651. A Mad Designe, or A description of the King of Scots marching in his disguise after the Rout at Worcester. (Engraving.)

—— 41. 26 Jan., 1652. A perfect list of all the victories obtained by the Lord General Cromwell from the time that his Excellency was made Commander-in-chief to the Present time. (Portrait.)

—— 42. October 1652. A List of the Princes, Dukes, Earls, Lords, Knights, Generals, Major Generals etc., and Colonells of the Scots Kings party slaine and taken Prisoners. (Allegorical engraving of the “Woeful Mirrour of Monarchy.”)

—— 43. 6 Jan., 1653. Spirituall Experiences of sundry Beleevers.

—— 44. 24 Oct., 1653. A catechisme to be learned for the training up of youth in the Grounds of Christian Religion.

—— 45. 22 Nov., 1653. The Discipline of Gathered Churches. With the Covenant taken by each member. And a confession of faith professed by the Church of Christ at Martin’s Vintry. Together with Spirituall Hymnes by way of Paraphase upon the whole book of Canticles by them sung at their breaking of bread. And an abbreviate of their whole practise. (Contains nothing but “Canticles”;—8 in number.)

—— 46. 23 March, 1654. A List of some of the grand blasphemers and blasphemies which was given in to the committee for religion.

—— 47. 20 June, 1654. TPATHMATA, Sweetmeats; or, Resolves in all Cases who are Beleevers.… By H. Walker, Pastor of the Church of Christ in Martin’s Vintry London. (Verses prefixed “In laudem operis authoris” by “Lawrence Castle; the most unworthy minister of the Gospel.” Dedication to Cromwell and to his council by Walker.)

—— 14 May, 1655. A Declaration from the Children of Light, who are by the world scornfully called Quakers, against false reports, scandals, and lyes in books and pamphlets put forth by Hen. Walker, etc.

—— 48. 30 May, 1655. A Treatise concerning the broken Succession of the Crown of England.

—— 6 June, 1655. Slanders and Lyes being cast upon the children of Light given forth to print by Henry Walker, etc.

—— 49. 9 June, 1659. A collection of several passages concerning his late highness Oliver Cromwell in the time of his sickness. Wherein is related many of his expressions upon his deathbed, together with his prayer within two or three days before his death. Written by one that was groom of his bedchamber. (Attributed to Charles Hervey, by Thomas Carlyle—on no evidence.)

—— 50. 6 Aug., 1660. Serious observations lately made touching his Majesty King Charles the Second.…

Wood, Anthony à. Athenae Oxonienses (ed. Bliss, P.), II, 71–73. (Life of Father Robert Persons.)

—— 10 Oct., 1660. Trials of 29 Regicides. (Axtel’s trial and Hulett’s trial.)

Wharton, Sir George. 2 Feb. 1648. The late storie of Mr. William Lilly. (By John Hall.)

—— 1. 15 June, 1648. The Anatomy of Westminster Juncto; or, a summary of their designes against the King, City and Kingdome. Written by Mercurius Elencticus.

Wharton, Sir George. 2. 12 Aug., 1648. A List of the names of the members of the House of Commons; observing which are officers of the army contrary to the self denying ordinance. Together with such summes of money, offices, and lands as they have given to themselves, for service done or to be done, against the King and Kingdome. The first Centurie. M.EI.

—— 3. 28 Sept., 1648. The Second Centurie of such of the Aldermen, Common Councell and Militia men of the City of London as receive pay and profit by the continuance of the Excise, Impositions, Warre and Discord betweene the King and Parliament. M.EI.

—— 4. Oct. 1648. The Second Centurie. A List of such Aldermen and Common Councilmen as have great profits by the continuance of the warre, excise, taxes—Military officers their several payes. M.EI. (“An Answer,” published by W. Lilly in his Astrological Predictions for 1648, 1649, etc.)

—— 5. 10 July, 1649. A brief judgment astrologicall concerning the present designe of Lieut. Gen. Cromwell against the rebels in Ireland; who marched hence 10 July. By John Booker. (Disclaimed by Booker in an advertisement in “A Modest Narrative.” August 4–11, 1649.)

—— 6. 31 Oct., 1649. In memory of that lively patterne of true Pietie and unstained loyalty, Mrs. Susannah Harris, the wife of Capt. John Harris who dyed the last day of Oct., W.G.

Williams, Oliver. I. 26 May, 1657. A Prohibition to all persons who have set up any offices called by the names of Addresses, Publique Advice, or Intelligence in London. By Oliver Williams. Printed for the author. (See Marchamont Nedham.)


Davies, John (of Hereford). Papers Complaint, compil’d in Ruthfull Rimes. Against the Paper spoylers of these times. (Printed in the Scourge of Folly in 1611.) Second edition published in 1625 under the title A Scourge for Paper Persecutors, by J. H. With a continued just inquisition against Paper-persecutors, by A. H. (Abraham Holland). Both reprinted in the Chertsey Worthies Library (ed. Grosart, A.B.), 1878, in the works of John Davies, II, pp. 75–82.

Jonson, Ben. Works. (The Staple of Newes, Masques, & c.)

April 1642. A Presse full of Pamphlets.

25 August, 1643. A Letter from Mercurius Civicus to Mercurius Rusticus; or, Londons confession, but not repentance. Printed at Oxford.

1 August, 1644. Sacra Nemesis, the Levites Scourge; or, Mercurius Britan-Civicus disciplined. By Daniel Featley, D.D.

January 1645. Cleiveland, John. The Character of a London Diurnall.

11 Feb., 1645. The Great Assizes holden in Parnassus by Apollo and his Assessors, at which Sessions are arraigned, Mercurius Britanicus, Mercurius Aulicus, etc., etc. By George Wither.

29 April, 1647. Cleiveland, J. The Character of a Moderate Intelligencer.

20 June, 1648. A muzzle for Cerberus and his three whelps Mercurius Elenticus, Bellicus, and Melancholicus, barking against Patriots and Martialists. With critical reflections on the revolt of Inchiquin in Ireland. By Mercurio-Mastix Hibernicus.

7 Feb., 1651. The Hue and Cry after those rambling protonotaries of the times. Mercurius Elenticus, Britanicus, Melancholicus and Aulicus. (In verse.)

3 Sept., 1652. The Weepers; or, the bed of Snakes broken, etc., and Six cupping glasses, clapt to the cloven feet of the six dæmons, who govern the times by turns from Munday to Saturday annually. (By Samuel Sheppard.)

28 Nov., 1653. Cleiveland, J. A Character of a Diurnall Maker.

Registers of the Stationers Company. 1554–1640. Transcript by Arber, E. 1875.

(Note. A further transcript from 1640 onwards is now in preparation by Plomer, H. R., and will shortly be published.)


Previous to the publication of the catalogue of the Thomason tracts, in 1908, information on the pamphlet literature of the period described was, necessarily, most defective and erroneous. Authorities deemed worthless are omitted.

Andrews, Alexander. The History of British Journalism, from the foundation of the newspaper press in England, to the repeal of the Stamp Act in 1855; with sketches of press celebrities. 1859.

Bibliotheca Lindesiana. Collations and Notes, no. 5. Catalogue of English Newspapers, 1641–1666. Privately printed. 1901.

Catalogue of the Pamphlets, Books, Newspapers, and Manuscripts relating to the Civil War, the Commonwealth, and Restoration. Collected by George Thomason. 1640–61.

Printed by order of the trustees of the British Museum, 2 vols., 1908. (Vol. II, pp. 371–440 contains a valuable index to the “Newspapers” (sic) arranged for each month, in a way which enables the reader to find individual numbers without difficulty.)

Chalmers, George. The life of Thomas Ruddiman. 1794. [Contains the first catalogue of newspapers. Defective and erroneous.]

Couper, W. J. The Edinburgh Periodical Press. Edinburgh, 1908.

Jackson, Mason. The Pictorial Press, its Origin and Progress. 1885.

Macaulay, T. B. The History of England from the accession of James II, vol. V, chap. III, pp. 386 ff. 1849–61. (On newsletters and newspapers of the restoration.)

Masson, David. The life of John Milton. 6 vols. 1859–60. [Imperfectly informed as regards royalists and the restoration.]

Nichols, J. Literary Anecdotes of the Eighteenth Century. 1812–15. Vols. IV, VII, and IX contain a list of early newspapers which supplements Chalmers.

Plomer, H. R. A Dictionary of the Booksellers and Printers who were at work in England, Scotland and Ireland from 1641 to 1667. Bibliographical Society. 1907.

Timperley, C. H. Encyclopaedia of Literary and Typographical Anecdote. 1842. (The second edition of his Dictionary of Printers and Printing.) [This is still useful.]

Williams, J. B. The Newsbooks and Letters of News of the Restoration. English Historical Review. April 1908.

—— A History of English Journalism to the foundation of the Gazette. 1908.

—— The truth about Cromwell’s Massacre at Drogheda. Dublin Review. April 1910.