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The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
Volume VIII. The Age of Dryden.

XIV. John Locke



Epistola de Tolerantia ad clarissimum virum T. A. R. P. T. O. L. A. [i.e., theologiae apud Remonstrantes professorem, tyrannidis osorem, Limburgium Amstelodamensem] scripta a P. A. P. O. J. L. A. [i.e., pacis amico, persecutionis osore, Joanne Lockio Anglo]. Tergou, 1689. Translated into English by Popple, William, 1689.

Two Treatises of Government. In the former, the false Principles and Foundation of Sir Robert Filmer and his Followers are Detected and Overthrown. The Latter is an Essay concerning the True Original, Extent, and End of Civil Government. 1690. French trans. 1795; German trans. 1718; Italian trans. 1778.

An Essay concerning Humane Understanding. 1690. French trans. 1700; Latin trans. 1701; Dutch trans. 1736; German trans. 1757.

A second Letter concerning Toleration. 1690.

Some Considerations of The Consequences of the Lowering of Interest, and Raising the Value of Money. 1691.

A Third Letter for Toleration. 1692.

Some Thoughts concerning Education. 1693. French trans. 1695; German trans. 1729; Italian trans. 1782.

Further Considerations concerning Raising the Value of Money. 1695.

The Reasonableness of Christianity as delivered in the Scriptures. 1695. French trans. 1740; Dutch trans. 1729; German trans. 1733.

A Vindication of The Reasonableness of Christianity, … from Mr. Edwards’s Reflections. 1695.

A Second Vindication of the Reasonableness of Christianity. 1697.

A Letter to the Right Reverend Edward Ld. Bishop of Worcester, concerning Some Passages relating to Mr. Locke’s Essay of Humane Understanding: in a late Discourse of his Lordship’s in Vindication of the Trinity. 1697.

Mr. Locke’s Reply to the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of Worcester’s Answer to his Letter. 1697.

Mr. Locke’s Reply to the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of Worcester’s Answer to his Second Letter. 1699.

A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistle of St. Paul to the Galatians, etc. 1705.

Posthumous Works. 1706.

Some Familiar Letters between Mr. Locke and several of his friends. 1708.

A Collection of Several Pieces of Mr. John Locke, published by M. Des Maizeaux under the direction of Mr. Anthony Collins. 1720.

Original Letters of Locke, Algernon Sidney, and Lord Shaftesbury. By Forster, T. 1830, 1847.

Collected Editions of Locke’s Works

In three vols. folio, 1714 etc.; in four vols. quarto, 1768 etc.; in nine vols. octavo, 1791; in ten vols. 1801, 1812, 1823.

The Philosophical Works. Ed. St. John, J. A. 1843, 1854.

Editions of separate Works

Essay concerning Human Understanding. By Fraser, A. C. Oxford, 1894.

Of the Conduct of the Understanding. By Fowler, T. Oxford, 1881.

Some Thoughts concerning Education. By Quick, R. H. Cambridge, 1880.

Selected Works on Locke’s Life and Philosophy

Alexander, S. Locke. (Philosophies Ancient and Modern.) 1908.

Baumann, J. J. Lehren von Raum, Zeit und Mathematik, vol. 1, pp. 357–472. Berlin, 1868.

Bourne, H. R. Fox. Life of John Locke. 1876.

Brown, John. Locke and Sydenham. Horae Subsecivae. 1858.

Coste, Pierre. Éloge de M. Locke, Nouvelles de la République des Lettres, February, 1705.

Ferrari, M. Locke e il sensismo francese. Milan, 1900.

Fischer, P. Die Religionsphilosophie des John Locke. Erlangen, 1893.

Fowler, T. Locke. (English Men of Letters.) 1880.

Fraser, A. C. Locke. (Blackwood’s Philosophical Classics.) 1890.

—— Prolegomena to his edition of Locke’s Essay. Oxford, 1894.

Green, T. H. Introduction to Hume’s Treatise, 1874, §§ 1–154. Works, vol. 1. 1885.

—— Principles of Political Obligation, §§ 51–63. Works, vol. II. 1886.

Hertling, Freiherr G. von. Locke und die Schule von Cambridge. Freiburg i/B., 1892.

King, Lord. Life and Letters of John Locke. 1829.

Le Clerc, J. Bibliothèque Choisie. 1716.

Leibniz, G. W. von. Nouveaux Essais sur l’entendement humain. First published in Œuvres Philosophiques, publiées par Raspe, R. E. 1765.

Pollock, Sir F. Locke’s Theory of the State. Proc. of the British Academy, 1904.

Sommer, R. Lockes Verhältniss zu Descartes. 1887.

Stephen, Sir James Fitzjames. Horae Sabbaticae. 2nd ser. 1892. [Essays 7–10 on Locke.]

Webb, T. E. The Intellectualism of Locke. 1858.

Samuel Bold

Discourse on the True Knowledge of Jesus Christ. 1697.

Consideration of the Objections to the Essay on the Human Understanding. 1699.

A Collection of Tracts publish’d in vindication of Mr. Locke’s Reasonableness of Christianity. 1706.

John Broughton

Psychologia; or an account of the nature of the rational soul. 1703.

Thomas Burnet

Telluris theoria sacra. 1681–9.

Remarks upon an Essay concerning Humane Understanding. 1697.

Second Remarks upon an Essay, etc. 1697.

Third Remarks upon an Essay, etc. 1699.

Richard Burthogge

Taγaθo[char], or Divine Goodness explicated and vindicated. 1672.

Causa Dei; or, an Apology for God. 1675.

Organum vetus et novum; or, a Discourse of Reason, and Truth. 1678.

An Essay upon Reason, and the Nature of Spirits. 1694.

Of the Soul of the World, and of Particular Souls. 1699.

Cf. Lyon, G., L’Idéalisme en Angleterre au XVIIIe siècle, 1888, pp. 72–96; Cassirer, E., Das Erkenntnisproblem, 1906, vol. 1, pp. 464–473.

William Carroll

A Dissertation upon the tenth chapter of the Fourth Book of Mr. Locke’s Essay concerning Humane Understanding; wherein that author’s endeavours to establish Spinoza’s atheistical hypothesis … are discover’d and confuted. 1706.

Sir Josiah Child

A New Discourse of Trade. 1665, 1668, 1670, 1690, 1693.

Catherine Cockburn (née Trotter)

A Defence of the Essay of Human Understanding. 1702. [In answer to Burnet.]

Remarks upon some writers in the controversy concerning the foundations of moral duty. 1743.

Remarks upon the Principles of Dr. Rutherford’s essay … in vindication of the contrary principles … of the late Dr. Samuel Clarke. 1747.

A Vindication of Mr. Locke’s Christian Principles from the Injurious Imputations of Dr. Holdsworth. 1751. [In posthumous Works.]

Charles Davenant

An Essay upon Ways and Means of Supplying the War. 1695.

An Essay on the East India Trade. 1697.

Discourses on the Public Revenues and of the Trade of England. 1698.

An Essay upon the Probable Methods of Making the People Gainers in the Balance of Trade. 1699.

A Discourse upon Grants and Resumptions. 1700.

Essays upon the Ballance of Power. 1701.

The True Picture of a Modern Whig. 1701–2.

John Edwards

A Demonstration of the Existence and Providence of God. 1690.

Some Thoughts concerning the several Causes and Occasions of Atheism, … with some brief Reflections on Socinianism and on a late Book entituled “the Reasonableness of Christianity.” 1695.

The Socinian Creed. 1697.

A Brief Vindication of the Fundamental Articles of The Christian Faith … from Mr. Lock’s Reflections. 1697.

Francis Glisson

Tractatus de Natura Substantiae energetica, seu de vita naturae ejusque tribus primis facultatibus. 1672.

John Graunt

Natural and Political Observations Mentioned in a following Index, and made upon the Bills of Mortality. 1662. 5th ed. 1676. [Sometimes ascribed to Petty; cp. Hall’s Economic Writings of Sir W. Petty, 1889, vol. II.]

Benjamin Hampton

The Existence of Human Soul after Death proved … Wherein Mr. Locke’s notion that understanding may be given to matter, … and all other such … opinions, are … confuted. 1711.

John Keill

Examination of Dr. Burnet’s Theory of the Earth. 1695.

Introductio ad veram physicam. 1701.

William King

De Origine Mali. Dublin and London, 1702. Eng. trans. by Law, Edmund. 1729.

A Key to Divinity, or a Philosophical Essay on Free Will. 1715.

Henry Lee

Anti-scepticism; or, notes upon each chapter of Lock’s Essay. 1702.

James Lowde

A Discourse concerning the Nature of Man. 1694.

Moral Essays wherein some of Mr. Lock’s and Monsir Malbranch’s opinions are briefly examin’d. 1699.

William Lowndes

A Report containing an Essay for the amendment of the Silver Coins. 1695.

A further Essay for the amendment of the Gold and Silver Coins. 1695.

John Milner

An account of Mr. Lock’s religion, out of his own writings, and in his own words. 1700.

William Molyneux

Dioptrica Nova. 1692.

A memorial of the life of W. Molyneux; an autobiography. [Published in An account of the family, etc., by Molyneux, Sir Capel, Evesham, 1820.]

John Norris

A Collection of Miscellanies. 1687.

The Theory and Regulation of Love, a Moral Essay, to which are added Letters Philosophical and Moral between the Author and Dr. Henry More. 1688.

Christian Blessedness … to which is added Reflections upon a late Essay concerning the Human Understanding. 1690.

Letters concerning the Love of God. 1695.

An Account of Reason and Faith in relation to the Mysteries of Christianity. 1697.

An Essay towards the Theory of the Ideal or Intelligible World, design’d for two parts. 1701–4.

A Philosophical Discourse concerning the Natural Immortality of the Soul. 1708.

Cf. Lyon, G., L’Idéalisme en Angleterre, Paris, 1888; Mackinnon, F. I., The Philosophy of John Norris of Bemerton, Baltimore, 1910.

Sir Dudley North

Discourses upon Trade. 1691.

Considerations upon the East India Trade. 1701.

Samuel Parker

A Discourse of Ecclesiastical Politie, wherein the authority of the Civil Magistrate over the Consciences of Subjects in matters of external religion, is asserted; the mischiefs and inconveniences of Toleration are reprobated, and all pretences pleaded on behalf of Liberty of Conscience are fully answered. 1670.

Owen, John. Truth and Innocence Vindicated. 1670. [A reply to the above.]

Vincent Perronet

A Vindication of Mr. Locke. 1736.

A Second Vindication of Mr. Locke. 1738.

Some Enquiries chiefly relating to Spiritual Beings, in which the opinions of Mr. Hobbes … are taken notice of. 1740.

Sir William Petty

Reflections upon some Persons and Things in Ireland. 1660.

A treatise of Taxes and Contributions. 1662, 1667, 1679, 1685.

Sir William Petty’s Quantulumcunque concerning Money. 1682, 1695.

An Essay Concerning the Multiplication of Mankind; Together with another Essay in Political Arithmetick, Concerning the Growth of the City of London. 1682.

The fourth part of the Present State of England. 1683.

Observations upon the Dublin Bills of mortality. 1683.

Five Essays in Political Arithmetick [in French and English]. 1687. German trans. of the first, second, fourth and fifth essays, entitled Handgreiffliche Demonstration, etc., Dantzig, 1693, 1724.

Political Arithmetick. 1690. [Written 1671–76(?).]

The Political Anatomy of Ireland. 1691.

The Economic Writings of Sir William Petty. Ed. Hall, C. H. 2 vols. Cambridge, 1899.

Fitzmaurice, Lord, Life of Sir W. Petty, 1895.

Jonas Proast

The Argument of the Letter concerning Toleration consider’d and answer’d. 1690.

A Third Letter concerning Toleration. 1691.

John Sergeant

The Method to Science. 1696.

Solid Philosophy asserted, against the fancies of the Ideists, with Reflexions on Mr. Locke’s Essay concerning Human Understanding. 1697.

Transnatural Philosophy, or Metaphysicks. 1700.

William Sherlock

Discourse of the Immortality of the Soul. 1705.

Edward Stillingfleet

Discourse in Vindication of the Doctrine of the Trinity. 1696.

The Bishop of Worcester’s Answer to Mr. Locke’s Letter. 1697.

The Bishop of Worcester’s Answer to Mr. Locke’s Second Letter. 1698.

Thomas Taylor

The Two Covenants of God with mankind, or the Divine Justice and Mercy explained and vindicated in an Essay designed to show the use and advantages of some of Mr. Malebranch’s Principles, in the theories of Providence and grace, which for want of them have been too commonly misinterpreted and ill understood. 1704.

Sir Richard Temple

An Essay upon Taxes, calculated for the present juncture of affairs in England. 1693.

Some Short Remarks upon Mr. Lock’s book, in answer to Mr. Lounds. 1696.

John Wilkins

An Essay towards a real Character and a Philosophical Language. 1668.

On the Principles and Duties of Natural Religion. 1678.

John Wynne

An Abridgement of Locke’s Essay concerning Humane Understanding. 1696.