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The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
Volume VIII. The Age of Dryden.

XV. The Progress of Science


See, also, Camb. Modern History, vol. V, chap. XXIII, bibliography.

See Vol. IV, Chap. XIV, bibliography.

ISAAC BARROW (1630–1677), Master of Trin. coll., Cambridge

Lectiones opticae et geometricae. 1674.

Mathematical lectures. Trans. by Kirkby, J. 1734.

Geometrical lectures. Trans. by Stone, E. 1735.

Mathematical Works. Ed. Whewell, W. Cambridge, 1860.

ROBERT BOYLE (1627–1691)

New Experiments Physico-Mechanical. 1660. 2nd ed. 1662.

Works. 5 vols. 1744, 1772.

See Vol. VII, Chap. X, bibliography.


Exercitationes de differentiis et nominibus animalium. 2nd ed. Oxford, 1677.

Enquiries into human nature, in six Anatomy prelections. 1680.

SIR KENELM DIGBY (1603–1665)
See Vol. VII, bibliography to Chaps. VIII and IX.

SIR GEORGE ENT (1604–1689)

Apologia pro circuitione sanguinis. 1641.

JOHN EVELYN (1620–1706)

Sylva, or a Discourse of Forest Trees. 1664. Ed. Nisbet, J., with an Essay on the Life and Works of the Author. 2 vols. 1908.

Diary and Correspondence of John Evelyn, with Life, by Wheatley, H. B. Ed. from the original MSS. by Bray, W. 4 vols. 1906. Diary. Ed. Dobson, A. 3 vols. 1906.

JOHN FLAMSTEED (1646–1719), first astronomer royal

The doctrine of the Sphere. 1680.

Historia coelestis Britannica. 1712, 1725.

Atlas coelestis. 1729, 1753.

SAMUEL FORTREY (1622–1681)

England’s interest and improvement consisting in the increase of the store and trade of this kingdom. 1663.


Tractatus de Rachitide. 1650.

Anatomia hepatis. 1654.

JOHN GRAUNT (1620–1674)

Natural and political observations on the Bills of Mortality. 1661. Ed. Birch, T. 1759.

NEHEMIAH GREW (1641–1712)

Museum Regalis Societatis. 1681.

The Anatomy of Plants. 1682.

Cosmologia sacra. 1701.

EDMUND GUNTER (1581–1626)

Canon triangulorum. 1620.

Works. 5th ed. 1673.

EDMUND HALLEY (1656–1742), astronomer royal

Tabulae astronomicae. 1749. In English. 1752.

WILLIAM HARVEY (1578–1657)

Exercitatio anatomica de motu cordis et sanguinis in animalibus. 1628.

Exercitatio anatomica de circulatione sanguinis. 1649.

Exercitationes de generatione animalium. 1651.

ROBERT HOOKE (1635–1703)

Micrographia. 1665.


Opuscula astronomica. 1673.

JOHN LOCKE (1632–1704)
See bibliography to Chap. XIV, ante.

RICHARD LOWER (1631–1691)

Tractatus de corde. 1669.


Tractatus de arthritide. 1674.

Treatise of the gout. 1676.

Praxis medica. 1690–6.

Opera medica. 1703.

JOHN MAYOW (1640–1679)

De respiratione. 1668, 1671.

Tractatus quinque. 1674.

ROBERT MORISON (1620–1683)

Plantarum Umbelliferarum distributio nova. Oxford, 1672.

Plantarum historia universalis Oxoniensis, pars II, III. Oxford, 1680 ff.

[Invented calculating machines and the speaking-trumpet.]

Tuba stentorophonica. 1671.

Description and use of two Arithmetick instruments. 1673.

Hydrostaticks. 1697.

[Inventor of logarithms.]

Mirifici logarithmorum canonis descriptio. Edinburgh, 1614. With Mirifici logarithmorum canonis constructio. Edinburgh, 1619.

Rabdologiae, seu numerationis per virgulas libri duo. Edinburgh, 1615.

Napier, M. Memoirs of John Napier. Edinburgh, 1834.

[Invented the atmospheric steam-engine, and improved pumping machinery.]

Desaguliers, J. T. Course of experimental philosophy. 3rd ed. 2 vols. 1763. [Contains an account of Newcomen and his inventions.]

SIR ISAAC NEWTON (1642–1727)

Principia. 1687.

Opticks. 1704.

Arithmetica universalis. 1707.

Method of fluxions. 1736.

HENRY OLDENBURG (1615?–1677)
[Edited the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Nos. 1–136 (1664–77), and wrote or translated thirty-four of the papers.]

See D. of N. B., vol. XLII and Masson’s Life of Milton, vols. V and VI, 1877–80.

Gray, G. J. Bibliography of Sir Isaac Newton. 2nd ed. Cambridge, 1907.

Elton, O. The Augustan Ages, chap. IV. 1899.


Treatise of taxes and contributions. 1662.

Five Essays in Political Arithmetic. 1687.

Political Arithmetic. 1690.

Works. Ed. Hull, C. H. 2 vols. Cambridge, 1899. [Contains a full bibliography.]

Fitzmaurice, Lord E. G. Petty. Life of Sir W. Petty. 1895.

JOHN RAY (1627–1705)

Synopsis methodica animalium. 1693.

Methodus insectorum. 1705.

Historia insectorum. 1710.


Opera omnia. Ed. Greenhill, G. A. 1844. 2nd ed. for the Sydenham Soc. 1846.

Works. Trans. from Greenhill’s ed. by Latham, R. G. 2 vols. (Sydenham Soc.) 1848–50.


The Historie of foure-footed Beastes. 1607.

The Historie of Serpents. 1608.


Avium praecipuarum quarum apud Plinium et Aristotelem mentio est, brevis historia. Coloniae. 1544. Ed. Evans, A. H. Cambridge, 1893.

JOHN WALLIS (1616–1703)

Arithmetica Infinitorum. 1655.

Mnemonica, or the art of memory. 1661.

Mechanica, sive de motu. 1670.

Opera mathematica. 3 vols. Oxford, 1693–9.

SETH WARD (1617–1689), bishop of Salisbury

Idea trigonometriae demonstratae. 1653–4.

Astronomia geometrica. 1656.

THOMAS WILLIS (1621–1675)

Cerebri anatome. 1664.


Ornithologiae libb. III recognovit J. Raius. 1676. In English. 1678.

De historia piscium libri IV ex recognitione J. Raii. Oxford, 1686.

JOHN WOODWARD (1665–1728)

Essay toward a natural history of the Earth. 1695, 1702, 1726.

The state of Physic. 1718.

Fossils digested into a method. 1728.

Natural history of the fossils of England. 2 vols. 1729.


The Century of Inventions. 1663. Ed. from the original manuscript, with notes, by Partington, C. F. 1825.

Dircks, H. The life, times, and scientific labours of the second Marquis of Worcester. 1865.

Birch, T. History of the Royal Society. 4 vols. 1756–7.

Buckle, H. T. Introduction to the History of Civilization in England. 2 vols. 1857–61. New and revised ed., with annotations and an introduction by Robertson, J. M. London and New York, 1904.

Butler, Samuel. Hudibras. Ed. Waller, A. R. Cambridge, 1905.

—— Genuine Remains, vol. 1. 1759.

Church, R. W. Bacon. (English Men of Letters Series.) 1884.

Courthope, W. J. A Consideration of Macaulay’s Comparison of Dante and Milton. Proceedings of the British Academy, vol. III. 1908.

Cowley, A. The Poems of Abraham Cowley. Ed. Waller, A. R. Cambridge, 1905.

Donne, John. Poems. Ed. Chambers, E. K. 2 vols. 1896.

Fanshawe, Ann, Lady. Memoirs. 1907.

Herbert of Cherbury, Lord. Autobiography. Ed. Lee, S. L. 1886.

Huggins, Sir William. The Royal Society; or, Science in the State and in the Schools. 1906.

Jonson, B. Works, with notes critical and explanatory, and a biographical memoir by Gifford, W. Ed., with introduction and appendices, Cunningham, F. 9 vols. 1875.

—— The Alchemist. Ed. Hathaway, C. M., Jr. (Yale Studies in English, XVII.) New York, 1903.

Moore, N. The History of the Study of Medicine in the British Isles. Oxford, 1908.

Pattison, Mark. Milton. (English Men of Letters Series.) 1880.

Pepys, Samuel. Diary. Ed. Wheatley, H. B. 10 vols. 1893–9.

Sprat, T. The History of the Royal Society of London, for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge. 4th ed. 1734.

Traill, H. D. and Mann, J. S. Social England, vol. IV. 1903.

Watson, F. The Beginnings of the Teaching of Modern Subjects in England. 1909.

Weld, C. R. A History of the Royal Society, with Memoirs of the Presidents. 2 vols. 1848.