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The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
Volume X. The Age of Johnson.

XI. Letter-Writers




Diary and Letters of Madame D’Arblay, 1778–1840. Edited by her niece Charlotte Barrett, 1842–6. 7 vols. Frequently rptd. Rptd. “with Preface and Notes by Austin Dobson.” 1904–5. 6 vols.

Early Diary of Frances Burney, 1768–1778, with a Selection from her correspondence and from the Journals of Susan and Charlotte Burney. Ed. by Ellis, A. R. 1889. 2 vols. Rptd. in Bohn’s Standard Library.

Seeley, L. B. Fanny Burney and her Friends. Select passages from her Diary and other writings. 2nd edn. 1890.

See, also, bibliography to Chap. III, ante.


Letters and Journals of Mrs. Calderwood of Polton. Ed. Fergusson, A. Edinburgh, 1884. (Earlier edn. in Coltness Collections, Maitland Club Publ., 1842.)


The Private Correspondence of David Garrick with the most celebrated persons of his Time. 1831–2. 2 vols. 4°.

Some Unpublished Correspondence of David Garrick. Ed. by Baker, George Pierce. Boston, Mass., 1907. 8°.

See, also, bibliography to Chap. IV, ante.


The Letters of Mrs. Elizabeth Montagu, with some of the Letters of her Correspondents. Part the first. Letters from an early age to the age of 23. Published by Matthew Montagu, M.P. 1809. 2 vols. 8°. Part the Second. Letters from the age of 23 to 40. Vols. III, IV, 1813.

A Lady of the last Century (Mrs. Elizabeth Montagu) illustrated in her Unpublished Letters. Collected and arranged by Dr. Doran. 1873.

See, also, bibliography to Vol. XI, chapter on The Blue Stockings.


Memoirs of the Life and Correspondence of Mrs. Hannah More, by Roberts, W. 1834. 4 vols. Rptd. and also abridged.

Hannah More. By Harland, Marion. (Literary Hearthstones.) G. P. Putnam’s Sons, New York and London, 1900.

Hannah More, a Biographical Study. By Meakin, Annette M. B. 1911.

See, also, bibliography to Vol. XI, chapter on The Blue Stockings.


The several Discourses of Sir Joshua Reynolds were first published separately as they were delivered.

Seven Discourses delivered in the Royal Academy by the President. 1778.

The complete series of fifteen Discourses was published by Malone, E., in the first volume of his edition of Reynolds’s Works, 2 vols., 1797. The Discourses have been frequently reprinted and edited; among others, by Burnet, J., 1842; Gosse, E., 1884; Fry, Roger, 1905; Dobson, Austin, 1907.


Miscellaneous Works of the late Philip Dormer Stanhope Earl of Chesterfield with Memoirs of his Life by Maty, M. [Ed. by Justamond, J. O.] 2 vols. 1777.

Letters of Philip Earl of Chesterfield. Ed. with Notes [and Memoirs] by Mahon, Lord. 5 vols. 1845. (Vols. I, II, Letters on Education and Characters; vols. III, IV, Letters Political and Miscellaneous; vol. V, 1853, Miscellanies.)

Letters to his son Philip Stanhope. Published by Mrs. Eugenia Stanhope. 2 vols. 1774. Ed. Strachey, C., with Notes by Calthrop, A. 2 vols. 1901.

Letters to A. C. Stanhope Esq. relative to the Education of his Lordship’s godson Philip the late Earl. 1817.

Letters to his Godson and Successor. Now first edited from the originals with a Memoir of Lord Chesterfield by the Earl of Carnarvon. Oxford, 1890. Appendix. Letters to A. C. Stanhope. 1890.

Ernst, W. Memoirs of the life of the fourth Earl of Chesterfield; with numerous letters now first published. 1893.

Hayward, Abraham. Lord Chesterfield and George Selwyn. 1854.

Tovey, D. C. Chesterfield’s Letters. In Reviews and Essays in English Literature. 1897.

A. Collected Works

The Works of Horatio Walpole, Earl of Orford. 5 vols. 1798. [Ed. Berry, Mary.]

Vol. I, Miscellaneous, and Catalogue of Royal and Noble Authors; vol. II, The Castle of Otranto, Richard III, Ædes Walpolianæ etc.; vol. III, Anecdotes of Painting; vol. IV, Catalogue of Engravers, Miscellaneous; vol. V, Miscellaneous Letters.

Subsequently were added:

Vol. VI, 1818, Letters to George Montagu, 1736–76, to the Rev. William Cole and others 1745 to 1782; vol. VII, 1822, Memoirs of the last ten years of the reign of George II, vol. I; vol. VIII, Memoirs, vol. II; vol. IX, 1825, Letters to the Earl of Hertford and to the Rev. Henry Zouch.

Memoirs of the last ten years of the reign of George II. 2 vols. 1822.

Memoirs of the reign of King George II. Ed. Holland, Lord. 3 vols. 1846.

Memoirs of the reign of King George III. Ed. Le Marchant, Sir D. 2 vols. 1845. New edn., by Barker, G. F. R. 4 vols. 1894.

Journal of the reign of George III from 1771–1783. Ed. Doran, J. 2 vols. 1859. New edn. by Steuart, A. F. 2 vols. 1910.

B. Collected Editions of Correspondence

1820. Private Correspondence of Horace Walpole now first collected. 1820. 4 vols. 8°.

First collected edition, arranged chronologically. It “includes the whole of [Walpole’s] letters hitherto published,” and comprises a period of above sixty years, 1735–1797. Rptd. twice in 1837.

1840. Letters [ed. by Wright, John]. 6 vols. 1840. Rptd. several times.

1857–9. Letters; ed. by Cunningham, Peter. 9 vols. Rptd.

1903. Letters, ed. by Toynbee, Mrs. Paget. Oxford. 16 vols.

C. Separate Collections of Letters

1798. Letters to Conway, etc. See Works, vol. V.

1818. Letters to Montagu and Cole. See Works, vol. VI.

1825. Letters to the Earl of Hertford and the Rev. Henry Zouch. See Works, vol. IX.

1833. Letters to Sir Horace Mann, 1741–60. Ed. by Dover, Lord. 1833. 3 vols.

1840. Letters to the Berrys, first published in Collected edition of Walpole’s Letters. 1840. (See above.)

1843–4. Letters to Mann 1760–85. Concluding series. 1843–4. 4 vols.

Dr. Doran edited a selection from Mann’s Letters to Walpole under the title of Mann and Manners at the Court of Florence, 1740–1786. 1786. 2 vols.

1848. Letters to the Countess of Ossory, 1769–97. Ed. by Smith, R. Vernon. 2 vols.

1851. Correspondence of Horace Walpole and the Rev. W. Mason. Ed. by Mitford, J. 2 vols.

1902. Some unpublished Letters of Horace Walpole. Ed. by Walpole, Sir Spencer. 1902.

Mostly written to the Hon. Thomas Walpole, second son of the first Lord Walpole of Wolterton.

Walpole’s Letters to Mme. Du Deffand were destroyed by the writer’s desire. For her letters to him see Letters of the Marquise Du Deffand to the Hon. Horace Walpole.… Published [by Miss Mary Berry] from the Originals at Strawberry Hill. 4 vols. 1810. [Containing 353 letters and fragments.] These letters were rptd. in Paris in 1811, 1812 and 1824.

Lettres de la Marquise Du Deffand à Horace Walpole, 1766–1780. Ed. by Toynbee, Mrs. Paget. 3 vols. 1912. This collection, published from the Walpole Papers belonging to Jervis, W. R. Parker, consists of 838 letters, more than double the number in Miss Berry’s edition.

D. Biography and Criticism

Berry, Miss. Extracts of the Journals and Correspondence of. Ed. Lewis, Lady T. 3 vols. 1865.

Dobson, Austin. Horace Walpole, a Memoir. New York, 1890. 2nd edn., London, 1893; new edn., London, 1910.

Dobson, Austin. Eighteenth Century Vignettes. Series 1. A Day at Strawberry Hill. 1892. Series 3. The Officina Arbuteana. 1896.

Greenwood, Alice D. Horace Walpole’s World. 1913.

Havens, M. A. Horace Walpole and the Strawberry Hill Press. Canton, Penn., 1901.

Hayward, A. Strawberry Hill. Quarterly Review, October, 1876. Rptd.

Macaulay, Lord. Edinburgh Review, October, 1833. Rptd.

Seeley, L. B. Horace Walpole and his World. 1883.

Walpoliana. [By Pinkerton, John.] 2 vols. 1799.

Warburton, Eliot. Memoirs of Horace Walpole and his Contemporaries, including numerous Original letters chiefly from Strawberry Hill. 2 vols. 1851.

Wheatley, H. B. The Strawberry Hill Press. Bibliographica, May, 1896.

See, also, bibliography to Chap. III, ante.


Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne. 1789. 4°.

Repeatedly rptd., and successively edited by distinguished naturalists, including Buckland, F., 1875; Bell, T., 2 vols., 1877; Miall, L. C., and Fowler, W. W., 1901; Allen, Grant, 1902; Kearton, R., 1911.



Many MSS of these writers still exist, the letters of Dodsley to Shenstone in the British Museum, and much of the private correspondence of Shenstone, Lady Luxborough, Somerville, and others, is preserved in private collections, a great deal still unpublished.

A. Collections of Letters and Verses

Letters written by the late Right Honourable Lady Luxborough to William Shenstone, Esq. 1775.

Select Letters between the late Duchess of Somerset, Lady Luxborough, Miss Dolman, Mr. Whistler, Mr. R. Dodsley, William Shenstone, Esq., and others; including a sketch of the manners, laws, etc. of the republic of Venice, and some poetical pieces. The whole now first published from original copies by Mr. Hull. 2 vols. 1778.

Correspondence between Frances, Countess of Hertford (afterwards Duchess of Somerset), and Henrietta Louisa, Countess of Pomfret, between the years 1738 and 1741. 3 vols. 1805.

Hecht, H. Thomas Percy and William Shenstone. 1909. [A Collection of original letters between them.]

B. Particular Authors
Robert Dodsley
See bibliography to Vol. IX, Chap. VI.

Richard Graves

The Festoon, a collection of Epigrams. 1766.

The Spiritual Quixote, or the Summer’s Ramble of Mr. Geoffry Wildgoose. A comic romance. 3 vols. 1772. 2nd edition, 1774; 1792, 1808. Rptd. in the British Novelists. 2 vols. 1820.

Euphrosyne, or Amusements on the Road of Life. 1776. 2 vols. 1780.

Columella, or the Distressed Anchoret. A colloquial tale. 2 vols. 1779.

Eugenius, or Anecdotes of the Golden Vale. 2 vols. 1785.

Lucubrations. 1786.

Recollections of some particulars of the life of William Shenstone, Esq. 1788.

The Rout, or a sketch of modern life. 1789.

Plexippus, or the Aspiring Plebeian. 2 vols. 1790.

The Reveries of Solitude. Consisting of essays in prose, a new translation of the Muscipula, and original pieces in verse. 1793.

Senilities, or solitary amusements in prose and verse. 1801.

The Invalid, with the obvious means of enjoying health and long life. 1804.

The Triflers, consisting of trifling essays, trifling anecdotes, and a few poetical trifles. 1805, 1806.

And other works.

Richard Jago
See bibliography to Chap. V, ante.

William Shenstone
See bibliography to Chap. VII, ante.

William Somerville (or Somerville)
See bibliography to Chap. V, ante.

A few letters of Somerville, in the possession of the last descendant of his cousin and correspondent Lord Somerville, were published in The Monthly Packet, November, 1898.

C. Modern Books

Courtney, W. P. Dodsley’s Collection of Poetry, its contents and contributors. A chapter in the history of English literature in the eighteenth century. (Privately printed.) 1910.

Hutton, W. H. Burford Papers. 1905. [Accounts of the Warwickshire coterie and of Richard Graves.]

Kilvert, F. Remains in prose and verse. 1866.

[Includes an account of Richard Graves.]

Sichel, W. Bolingbroke and his times. 2 vols. 1901 and 1902. [Memoirs of Lady Luxborough, printing Bolingbroke’s correspondence with her.]

Straus, R. Robert Dodsley, poet, publisher, and playwright. 1910.