The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
Volume XIV. The Victorian Age, Part Two.

IV. The Growth of Journalism


(1) Established before 1801 and continued into the nineteenth century
(a) London. (All dailies, unless marked otherwise.)

Country Sport and Messenger of Agriculture, established as Bell’s Weekly Messenger, 1796 (weekly); London Gazette, The, 1665 (irregular); Mail, The, 1789 (thrice weekly); Morning Advertiser, The, 1794; Morning Chronicle, The, 1769; Morning Herald, The, 1780; Morning Post, The, 1772; Observer, The, 1791 (Sundays only); Public Ledger, The, 1759; Sun, The, 1792; Times, The, 1788.

(b) Other parts of England. (All weeklies, with occasional bi-weekly issues, if not marked otherwise.)

Bath Chronicle, The, 1757; Bath Herald, The, 1792; Bath Journal, The (Keene’s), 1742; Birmingham Gazette, The (Aris’s), 1741; Bristol Mercury, The, 1790; Bristol Mirror, The, 1774; Bury Post, The, 1782; Cambridge Chronicle, The, 1744; Carlisle Journal, The, 1798 (twice weekly); Chelmsford (now Essex County) Chronicle, The, 1764; Chester Chronicle, The, 1775; Chester Courant, The, 1730; Coventry Standard, The, 1741; Cumberland Pacquet and Ware’s Whitehaven Advertiser, The, 1774; Derby Mercury, The, 1732; Doncaster Gazette, The, 1786; Essex County Chronicle, The, 1764; Essex Herald, The, 1800; Exeter Flying Post, The, 1763; Exeter and Plymouth Gazette, The, 1772; Gloucester Journal, The, 1722; Hampshire Chronicle, The, 1772 (Winchester); Hampshire Telegraph, The, 1799 (Portsmouth); Hereford Journal, The, 1713; Hertford County Herald, The, 1792; Hull Packet, The, 1787; Ipswich Journal, The, 1735; Kendal Mercury, The, 1735; Kentish and Canterbury Chronicle, The, 1768; Kentish Gazette and Canterbury Press, The, 1717; Kent Herald, The, 1792; Leeds Intelligencer, The, afterwards The Yorkshire Post, 1754 (now daily); Leeds Mercury, The, 1718 (now daily); Leicester Journal, The, 1753; Lincoln, Rutland and Stamford Mercury, The, 1695 (Stamford); Maidstone and Kentish Journal, The, 1786; Manchester Chronicle, The, 1781–1842; Manchester Mercury, The (Harrop’s), 1752–1830; Newcastle Courant, The, 1711 (Newcastle-on-Tyne); Newcastle (now Daily) Chronicle, The, 1764; Northampton Mercury, The, 1720; Norfolk Chronicle, The, 1761 (Norwich); Norwich Mercury, The, 1714; Nottingham Journal, The, 1710 (now Weekly Express); Oxford Journal, The, 1753; Reading Mercury and Berks County Paper, The, 1723; Salisbury and Winchester Journal, The, 1729; Sheffield Iris, The, 1787; Shrewsbury Chronicle, The, 1772; Staffordshire Advertiser, The, 1795; Sussex Advertiser, The, 1745 (Lewes); Western Gazette and Flying Post, The, 1737 (Yeovil); Wolverhampton Chronicle, The, 1789; Worcester Herald, The, 1794; Worcester Journal (Berrow’s), The, 1690; York Courant, The, 1700; afterwards The York Herald, 1790 (now Yorkshire Herald, daily since 1874); Yorkshire Chronicle, The (1772); Yorkshire Gazette, The (1772).

(c) Scotland.

Aberdeen Journal, The, 1748; Edinburgh Gazette, The, 1690 (twice weekly); Glasgow Herald, The, 1783; Glasgow Journal, The, 1713.

(d) Ireland.

Belfast News-Letter, The, 1737; Derry Journal, The, 1772 (Londonderry); Dublin Gazette, The, 1711; Freeman’s Journal, The, 1763 (Dublin); Leinster Journal (now Kilkenny Journal), The, 1767; Limerick Chronicle, The, 1766; Waterford Chronicle and New Ross Reporter, The, 1766.

(2) First issued since 1801. (All dailies, unless marked otherwise.)
(a) London.

Athenaeum, The, 1828 (weekly, monthly since 1915); Agricultural Gazette, The, 1844 (weekly); Architect, The, 1868 (weekly); Army and Navy Gazette, The, 1860 (weekly); Baptist Times and Freeman, The, 1853 (weekly); British Congregationalist, The, 1901 (weekly); British Medical Journal, The, 1857 (weekly); British Weekly, The, 1886 (weekly); Builder, The, 1842 (weekly); Building News, The, 1854 (weekly); Chemical News, The, 1859 (weekly); Christian World, The, 1857 (weekly); Church Times, The, 1863 (weekly); Colliery Guardian, The, 1860 (weekly); Contract Journal, The, 1879 (weekly); Country Life, 1897 (weekly); Daily Chronicle, The, 1855; Daily Express, The, 1900; Daily Graphic, The, 1890; Daily Mail, The, 1896; Daily News, The, 1846; Daily Telegraph, The, 1855; Echo, The, 1868–1905 (first halfpenny paper in London); Economist, The, 1843 (weekly); Electrician, The, 1861 (weekly); Engineer, The, 1856 (weekly); Engineering, 1866 (weekly); Era, The, 1837 (weekly); Evening News, The, 1881; Examiner, The, 1808 (weekly); Field, The, 1853 (weekly); Gardeners’ Chronicle, The, 1841 (weekly); Gas Journal, The, 1849 (weekly); Gentlewoman, The, 1890 (weekly); Globe, The, 1803; Graphic, The, 1869 (weekly); Grocer, The, 1861 (weekly); Guardian, The, 1846 (weekly); Illustrated London News, The, 1842 (weekly); Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News, The, 1874 (weekly); Inquirer, The, 1842 (weekly); Investors’ Guardian, The, 1863 (weekly); Jewish Chronicle, The, 1841 (weekly); Lady, The, 1885 (weekly); Lancet, The, 1823 (weekly); Law Times, The, 1843 (weekly); Literary Gazette, The, 1817–62 (weekly); Lloyd’s Weekly News, 1842 (weekly); Local Government Chronicle, The, 1855 (weekly); London Review, The, 1860–9 (weekly); Methodist Recorder, The, 1861 (weekly); Mining Journal, The, 1835 (weekly); Money Market Review, The, 1860 (weekly); Nation, The (called, at first, The Speaker), 1890 (weekly); Nature, 1869 (weekly); Notes and Queries, 1849 (weekly); Outlook, The, 1898 (weekly); Pall Mall Gazette, The, 1865; Pharmaceutical Journal, The, 1841 (weekly); Pilot, The, 1900–4 (weekly); Primitive Methodist Leader, The, 1868 (weekly); Publishers’ Circular, The, 1837 (weekly); Punch, 1841 (weekly); Queen, The, 1861 (weekly); Record, The, 1828 (weekly); Reynolds’s Weekly Newspaper, 1850 (weekly); St. James’s Gazette, 1880–1905; Saturday Review, The, 1855 (weekly); Schoolmaster, The, 1872 (weekly); Solicitors’ Journal, The, 1857 (weekly); Spectator, The, 1828 (weekly); Sporting Life, 1859; Sporting Times, The, 1865; Sportsman, The, 1865; Stage, The, 1880 (weekly); Standard, The, 1857–1916; Standard, The Evening, 1827; Star, The, 1888; Statist, The, 1878 (weekly); Sunday Times, 1822 (weekly); Tablet, The, 1840 (weekly); Tribune, The, 1906–8; Truth, 1877 (weekly); Weekly Dispatch, 1801 (weekly); Westminster Gazette, The, 1893; World, The, 1874 (weekly).

(b) Other parts of England.

Birmingham Post, The, 1857; Bolton Evening News, The, 1867; Bradford (now Yorkshire) Observer, The, 1834; Bradford Daily Argus, The, 1892; Bradford Daily Telegraph, The, 1868; Brighton Argus, The, 1880; Bristol Times and Mirror, The, 1865; Dundee Advertiser, The, 1801; Journal of Commerce, The, 1826 (Liverpool); Lancashire Daily Post, The, 1886; Liverpool Daily Post and Mercury, The, 1855; Liverpool Echo, The, 1879; Manchester Courier, The, 1825–1915; Manchester Evening News, 1868; Manchester Examiner and Times, The, 1846–94; Manchester Guardian, The, 1821; Newcastle Daily Journal, The, 1832; Northern Echo, The, 1869 (Darlington); Nottingham Daily Express, The, 1860; Nottingham Guardian, 1861; Preston Guardian, The, 1844; Royal Cornwall Gazette, The, 1801 (Truro); Scarborough Daily Post, The, 1876; Scarborough Evening News, The, 1882; Scarborough Mercury, The, 1855 (weekly); Sheffield (now Daily) Independent, The, 1819; Sheffield Daily Telegraph, The, 1855; Shields Daily Gazette and Shipping Telegraph, The, 1849; Sunderland Daily Echo, 1873; Warwick and Warwickshire Advertiser, The, 1806 (weekly); Western Daily Mercury, The, 1860 (Plymouth); Western Daily Press, The, 1858; Western Morning News, The, 1860 (Plymouth); Yorkshire Evening News, The, 1872 (Leeds); Yorkshire Evening Post, The, 1890 (Leeds).

(c) Scotland.

Aberdeen Free Press, The, 1853; Dundee Advertiser, The, 1801; Inverness Courier, The, 1817 (twice weekly); Scotsman, The, 1817 (Edinburgh).

(d) Ireland.

Cork Examiner, The, 1840; Irish Times, The, 1859 (Dublin); Northern Whig, The, 1824 (Belfast).


For a full bibliography of the subject, see Peet, Hubert W., A Bibliography of Journalism rptd. from the 1915 edn. of Sell’s World’s Press. See, also, Courtney, W. P., A register of National Bibliography, vol. II, under Periodicals [1905].

(1) History of British Journalism and the British Journals

Andrews, Alexander. The history of British Journalism, from the foundation of the Newspaper press in England, to the repeal of the Stamp Act in 1855. 2 vols. 1859.

Athenaeum, The. See under Francis, John C. For the Dilkes (Charles Wentworth, 1789–1864, and Sir Charles Wentworth, 1810–1869), see D. of N. B.

Bonwick, James. Early Struggles of the Australian Press. 1890.

Borsa, Mario. Il giornalismo Inglese. Milano, 1910.

Bourne, H. R. Fox. English Newspapers. 2 vols. 1887.

Davies, Robert. Memoir of the York Press. 1868.

Escott. T. H. S. Masters of English journalism. 1911.

Foster, Ernest. An Editor’s Chair. 1909.

Given, John L. Making a Newspaper. 1913.

Glasgow Herald, The Centenary of The. 27 January, 1882.

Grant, James. The Newspaper press: its origin, progress and present condition. 3 vols. 1871–2.

—— The Saturday Review: its origin and progress. 1873.

Hatton, J. Journalistic London. 1882.

Hunt, F. Knight. The fourth estate. 2 vols. 1850.

Hunt, William. Hull Newspapers. Hull, 1880.

Jackson, Mason. The Pictorial Press, its origin and progress. 1885.

James, R. A. Scott. The influence of the Press. 1913.

Lorenz, Theodor. Die englische Presse. Halle, 1907.

McCarthy, Justin, and Robinson, Sir John R. The Daily News Jubilee. 1896.

Madden, Richard Robert, The history of Irish periodical literature, from the end of the seventeenth to the middle of the nineteenth century. 2 vols. 1867.

Millar, J. H. A Literary History of Scotland. 1903.

Morley, J. Cooper. The Newspaper press and periodical literature of Liverpool. 1887.

Murray, E. C. G. The Press and the Public Service. 1857.

Noble, John. Bibliography of Inverness newspapers and periodicals. Stirling. 1903.

Opdycke, J. B. News, Ads and Sales.

Paterson, Alexander. Yorkshire Journalism past and present. Barnsley, 1901.

Pebody, Charles. English Journalism and the men who have made it. 1882.

Pen, Patron and Public, a Critical Survey. 1907. (Anon.)

Pendelton, John. Newspaper Reporting in olden times and to-day. 1890.

Pollitt, C. De Quincey’s editorship of the Westmorland Gazette, with selections from his work on that Journal from July, 1818, to November, 1819. Kendal, 1890.

Porritt, Edward. The Englishman at Home. 1894 (Chapter 13 deals fully with the relations of the Government to the Press).

Progress of British Newspapers in the nineteenth century. 1901.

Ralph, Julian. The Making of a Journalist. 1903.

Rollington, Ralph. A Brief History of Boys’ Journals. Leicester [1913]. [Valuable for bibliographical details.]

Scotsman, The story of The. Privately printed. 1886.

Shepherdson, William. Reminiscences in the Career of a Newspaper (The Sheffield Daily Telegraph). 1876.

Spielmann, J. H. The History of Punch. 1895.

Staffordshire Advertiser, Centenary history of The. Stafford, 1895.

Symon, J. D. The Press and its Story. 1914.

Wellsman, W. The Local Press of London.

Yeo, H. Newspaper management. Manchester, 1891.


Mitchell, C. Newspaper Press Directory. 1846. (In progress.)

Penrose’s Pictorial Annual. The process year book. Edited by Gamble, William. 1898. (In progress.)

Printer’s Year Book and Diary, 1900. (In progress.)

Printing Trades’ Diary, 1885. (In progress.)

Printing World. 1891. (In progress.)

Sell, Henry. The World’s Press. (In progress.)

Whitaker, Joseph (1820–1895), founder of The Bookseller (1858), of Whitaker’s Almanack (1868) and of The Reference Catalogue. See The Bookseller 6 February and 8 June, 1895.

(2) Lives of Journalists, and of Editors and Publishers of Journals

Adams, W. E. Memoirs of a Social Atom. 2 vols. 1903.

Alec-Tweedie, Mrs. Thirteen years of a busy Woman’s Life. 1912.

Annand, James. Hodgson, George B. From Smithy to Senate: the life story of James Annand, Journalist and Politician. 1908.

Appleton, Charles Edward Cutts Birch (1841–1879), founder of The Academy. See Appleton, J. H. and Sayce, A. H., Dr. Appleton: his Life and Literary Relics, 1881.

Arnold, W. T. Ward, Mrs. Humphry, and Montague, C. E. William Thomas Arnold, Journalist and Historian. March, 1907.

Baines, Edward (1774–1848), proprietor of The Leeds Mercury. Life. 1851. See, also, The Leeds Mercury, 5 and 12 August, 1848.

Bell, Robert (1800–1867). Editor of The Atlas for many years and of miscellaneous works (notably The English Poets, 24 vols., 1854–7). See D. of N. B.

Blowitz, Henry Stephen de. My Memoirs. 1903.

Bohemian Days in Fleet Street. By a Journalist. 1913.

Borthwick, Sir Algernon. Reginald Lucas, Lord Glenesk, and The Morning Post. 1910.

Buckingham, James Silk (1786–1855), founder of The Athenaeum. Autobiography. 2 vols. 1855. For his works of travel see D. of N. B.

Bussey, H. Findlater. Sixty Years of Journalism. Bristol, 1906.

Cassell, J. Pike, G. Holden. John Cassell. 1894.

Catling, Thomas (editor of Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper). My Life’s Pilgrimage. 1911.

Chambers, William. Memoirs of Robert Chambers, with autobiographic reminiscences of William Chambers. 2nd edn. 1872.

Colles, Ramsay. In Castle and Courthouse, being reminiscences of thirty years in Ireland. 1911.

Conder, Josiah. Conder, Eustace R. A Memoir. 1857.

Cook, John Douglas (1808?–1868), of the Saturday Review. See D. of N. B.

Cooper, Charles A. Editor of the Scotsmen (1876–1905). An editor’s retrospect. 1896.

Coulson, Walter (1794?–1860), of The Globe. See D. of N. B.

Cowen, Joseph (1829–1900), of The Newcastle Chronicle. Life and Speeches. Jones, E. R. 1885. Life. Duncan, W. 1904.

Crowe, Sir Joseph. Reminiscences of thirty-five years of my life. 1875.

Dawney, Edmund. Twenty years ago. A book of anecdote illustrating literary life in London. 1905.

Delane, John Thaddeus. Dasent, Arthur Irwin. Delane’s life and correspondence. 2 vols. 1908.

Delane, J. T. Cook, Sir E. J. T. Delane. 1915.

Dilnot, Frank. The adventures of a Newspaper Man. 1913.

Dixon, W. W. The Spice of Life. A medley of memoirs. By “Thormanby.” 1911.

Dunlop, Andrew. Fifty Years of Irish Journalism. Dublin, 1911.

Escott, T. H. S. Platform, Press, Politics and Play. Bristol, 1895.

Flower, Benjamin (1755–1829). Statement of Facts drawn up by himself. 1808.

See, also, obituary notice in The Monthly Repository, new series, Vol. III.

Fonblanque, Edward Barrington de. The Life and Labours of Albany Fonblanque. 1874.

Forsyth, William (1818–1879). Editor of the Aberdeen Journal, etc. Memoir by Alex. Walker. 1882.

Francis, John C. John Francis, a literary chronicle of half a century. 2 vols. 1888.

Frost, Thomas. Forty Years’ Recollections: Literary and Political. 1880.

Garrett, Edmund. Cook, E. T., a Memoir. 1909.

Giffard, Stanley Lees (1788–1858). See The Standard, 9 November, 1858.

Godkin, E. L. Ogden, Rollo. Life and Letters of Edwin Lawrence Godkin. 2 vols. 1907.

Greenwood, Frederick (1830–1909), founder, with George Smith, of The Pall Mall Gazette. See D. of N. B.

Gutch, John Mathew (1776–1861), of Felix Farley’s Bristol Journal. See D. of N. B.

Harwood, Philip (1809–1887), of The Saturday Review. See the issue for 17 December, 1887.

Haynie, Henry. The Captains and the Kings. Intimate reminiscences of notabilities. 1905.

Hetherington, Henry (1792–1849), of The Poor Man’s Guardian. See Holyoake, G. J., Life of Henry Hetherington, 1849.

Higgins, Matthew James (1810–1868), “Jacob Omnium.” Essays on Social Subjects, with a memoir by Maxwell, Sir W. Stirling. 1875.

Holyoake, G. J. Sixty years of an agitator’s life. 1892.

Hutton, Richard Holt. Monograph by Hogben, John. Edinburgh, 1899.

Ingram, Herbert. See D. of N. B.

Jerdan, William. Autobiography. With his literary, political and social reminiscences and correspondence during the last fifty years. 4 vols. 1852–3.

Knight, Charles. Passages of a working life. 3 vols. 1864.

Knowles, Sir James Thomas (1831–1908), founder and editor of The Nineteenth Century, after editing The Contemporary Review from 1870 to 1877. See D. of N. B.

Labouchere, H. Thorold, Algar Labouchere. The Life of Henry Labouchere. 1913.

Latey, John (1842–1902), of The Penny Illustrated Paper, etc. See D. of N. B.

Leng, Sir John (1828–1906), of The Dundee Advertiser. Said to be the first to introduce pictures in a daily paper. See D. of N. B.

Leng, Sir William Christopher (1825–1902), of The Sheffield Daily Telegraph. Said to be the first to set up linotype machines. See D. of N. B.

Levy, Joseph Moses (1812–1888), of The Daily Telegraph. See the issue for 13 October, 1888.

Lloyd, Edward (1815–1890). See Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper, 13 April, 1890.

Lucy, H. W. Sixty years in the Wilderness. 1909.

Maccoll, Norman (1843–1904), editor of The Athenaeum, 1871–1900, and Spanish scholar. See D. of N. B.

Macdonell, James (1841–1879). See James Macdonell, Journalist, by Nicoll, W. R., 1890.

Murray, Henry. A stepson of Fortune. The memories, confessions and opinions of Henry Murray. 1909.

Newnes, Sir George, Bart., The Life of. By Friederichs, Halda. 1911.

Prior, Melton. Campaigns of a War Correspondent. 1912.

Redding, Cyrus. Fifty years’ recollections. 3 vols. 1853.

Reid, Sir Thomas Wemyss (1842–1905), of The Leeds Mercury and The Speaker. See D. of N. B.

Rintoul, Robert Stephen (1787–1858), of The Dundee Advertiser, first editor of The Spectator. See The Dundee Advertiser, 27 April, 1858, and The Spectator, 1 May, 1858.

Ritchie, William (1781–1831), founder, with Charles Maclaren, of The Scotsman. See Biographical Sketch—The Scotsman. 1831.

Robinson, Sir J. R. Thomas, Frederick Moy. Fifty Years of Fleet Street. Being the Life and Recollections of Sir John Richard Robinson. 1904.

Russel, Alexander (1814–1876), of The Scotsman. See article by Graham, H. G., in Fraser’s Magazine, September, 1880.

Russell, Sir Edward. That Reminds me. 1899.

Russell, Sir William Howard, The Life of. By Atkins, John Black. 2 vols. 1911.

Runciman, James (1852–1891), of London. The St. James’s Gazette and other papers. See Side Lights, with Memoir by Allen, Grant, 1893; The Romance of the Coast, 1883.

Sala, George Augustus. Things I have seen and people I have known. 2nd edn. 2 vols. 1895.

Scott, Clement. The Wheel of Life. A few memories and recollections. New edn. 1898.

Smith, James E. See “Shepherd” Smith the universalist, by Smith, W. H. 1892.

Stead, William Thomas. My Father. By Stead, Estelle W. 1913.

Steevens, George Warrington (1869–1900), of The National Observer, The Pall Mall Gazette, Blackwood’s Magazine, The New Review, etc. Things Seen, with memoir by Henley. 1900.

—— With Kitchener to Khartum. 1898.

Stowe, William Henry (1825–1855), Times correspondent in the Crimea. See John Walter’s leader in The Times, 6 July, 1855.

Syme, D. Pratt, Ambrose. David Syme, the Father of Protection in Australia. 1908.

Taylor, John Edward (1791–1844). Founder of The Manchester Guardian.

See The Manchester Guardian, 10 January, 1844.

Thomas, William Luson (1830–1900). Founder of The Graphic and The Daily Graphic. See those papers for, respectively, 20 and 18 October, 1900.

“Thormanby.” See Dixon, W. W.

Townsend, Meredith White (1831–1911), of The Spectator and Economist. Asia and Europe. 1901.

Tytler, James (1747?–1805), A Biographical Sketch of the Life of. Edinburgh, 1805.

Venables, George Stovin (1810–1888), of The Saturday Review. See the issue for 13 October, 1888.

Villiers, Frederick. Pictures of many Wars. 1902.

Vizetelly, Henry (1820–1894). Glances back through Seventy Years. 1893.

Walter, John. In Memory of John Walter. 1894.

Weir, William (1802–1858), editor of The Daily News, 1854–8. See D. of N. B.

Williams, J. B. The beginnings of English journalism. 1911.

Woodfalls, The. For details concerning George Woodfall (1767–1844), Henry Sampson Woodfall (1739–1805) and William Woodfall (1746–1863), see D. of N. B. and Vol. X of this History.

Yates, Edmund. Recollections and Experiences. 4th edn. 1885.

(3) Printing and Technique

Bigmore, E. C. and Wyman, C. W. H. A Bibliography of Printing. 3 vols. 1880.

Bolas, Thomas. Cantor lectures on Stereotyping. 1890.

Blackburn, Henry. The Art of Illustration. Edinburgh, 1901.

Burch, R. M. Colour printing and Colour printers. 1910.

Cantor lectures on the art of Book and Newspaper illustration. 1894.

Gerrold, W. The triumphs of the Printing press. 1896.

Southward, John. The principles and practice of Printing Machinery. 2nd edn. 1890.

—— Progress in Printing and the Graphic Arts during the Victorian Era. 1897.

—— Modern Printing. A treatise on the principles and practice of Typography and the auxiliary Arts. 1900.

Thompson, John S. The mechanism of the Linotype. 3rd edn. 1908.

Times Printing number. 1912.

Wilson, Frederick J. F. Typographic printing machines and machine printing. 1884.

—— Stereotyping and Electrotyping. 3rd edn. 1886.

Wilson, Fred. J. F. and Grey, Douglas. A practical treatise upon modern Printing machinery and letter-press printing. 1888.

Wyse, Henry T. Modern type display and the use of type ornament. Edinburgh, 1911.

(4) Copyright

Bowker, R. R. Copyright, its history and its laws. 1912.

Briggs, William. The Law of International Copyright. 1906.

Copinger, W. A. The Law of Copyright. 1904.

Macgillivray, E. J. Treatise on the Law of Copyright. 1906.

—— Copyright Act. 1911.

Oldfield, L. C. F. The Law of Copyright. 1912.

(5) Libel

Arnold, F. O. The Law of damages and compensation. 1913.

Ball, W. Valentine. The Law of Libel as affecting newspapers and journalists. 1912.

Fraser, Hugh. The Law of Libel in its relation to the Press. 1889.

Odgers, W. B. A digest of the Law of Libel and Slander. 1896.

Starkie, T. The Law of Slander and Libel. 1908.

(6) Liberty of the Press

Dicey, A. V. Lectures on the relation between law and public opinion in England during the nineteenth century. 1914.

Fisher, J. R. and Strahan, J. A. The Law of the Press. 1898.

Fowell, Frank, and Palmer, Frank. Censorship in England. 1913.

Jephson, Henry. The Platform, its rise and progress. 1892.

Montague, Francis C. The limits of individual liberty. 1885.

Paterson, James. The liberty of the Press, speech and public worship. 1880.

W. R. C.

[This bibliography is the work of the late W. R. Credland, for many years deputy chief librarian of Manchester.]