The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
Volume XIV. The Victorian Age, Part Two.

X. Anglo-Indian Literature



No bibliography of the subject as a whole exists. Two useful lists of books are the bibliography on pp. 471–494 of the Dictionary of Indian Biography by Buckland, C. E., 1906, and that on pp. xxvii–xlvii of Hobson-Jobson, by Yule and Burnett, 1886.

The India Office Library Catalogue is not as useful as it might be. The library’s collection of Anglo-Indian writings, especially early editions, leaves much to be desired.

The Calcutta Review, especially in its earlier years, contains valuable notices of many Anglo-Indian writers, but it does not begin before 1844. A Sketch of Anglo-Indian Literature by Oaten, E. F., 1908, contains a brief account of Anglo-Indian fiction, poetry and belles lettres, with a list of books. Chapter XV of A Literary History of India (The Fusing Point of Old and New), by Frazer, R. W., 1898, contains an account of the progress of English as a language for Indian writers. Sketches of Some Distinguished Anglo-Indians by Laurie, W. F. B., 1877, contains an account of Anglo-Indian periodical literature. Separate lives have been written of many of the writers of the above list.


Aberigh-Mackay, G. R. Twenty-one days in India, being the Tour of Sir Ali Baba. Vanity Fair. 1878–9. 1st edn. 1880. 8th edn. 1910.

Aitken, E. H. (Eha). Tribes on my Frontier. Bombay, 1881. 8th edn. London, 1914.

—— Behind the Bungalow. Calcutta, 1889. 10th edn. London, 1911.

—— A Naturalist on the Prowl, or, In the Jungle. 1894. 4th edn. 1914.

—— The Five Windows of the Soul. 1898. Pop. edn. 1913.

Allardyce, A. The City of Sunshine. 3 vols. Edinburgh and London, 1877.

Anonymous. Hartly House. London, 1789. Dublin, 1789. Rptd., Calcutta, 1908.

Arnold, Sir E. The Book of Good Counsels, from the Sanskrit of the Hitopadesa. 1861.

—— The Indian Song of Songs. From the Sanskrit of the Gita Govinda of Jayadeva. 1875.

—— The Light of Asia; or the Great Renunciation (Mahâbhinshkramana); being the Life and Teaching of Gautama, Prince of India and Founder of Buddhism, as told in Verse by an Indian Buddhist. 1879. Numerous edns. in England and in America.

—— Indian Poetry: containing a new edition of the Indian Song of Songs, Two Books from the Mahâbhârata, and other Oriental Poems. 1881.

Arnold, Sir E. Pearls of the Faith: or Islam’s Rosary; being the Ninety-nine Beautiful Names of Allah: with comments in verse from various oriental sources (as made by an Indian Mussalman). 1882.

—— Indian Idylls: from the Sanskrit of the Mahâbhârata. 1883.

—— The Secret of Death. (From the Sanskrit.) 1884.

—— The Song Celestial: or Bhagabad-Gîtâ (from the Mahâbhârata). 1885.

—— India Revisited. 1886.

—— Lotus and Jewel. 1887.

—— The Light of the World, or the Great Consummation. 1891. Pocket edn. 1909.

—— Poetical Works. 8 vols. 1888.

—— History of the Administration of British India under the late Marquis of Dalhousie. 2 vols. 1862–4.

Arnold, W. D. Oakfield, or Fellowship in the East. (By Punjabee.) 2 vols. 1853. New edn. 1854.

Bignold, T. F. Leviora, or Rhymes of a successful Competitor. Calcutta, 1888.

Bolts, W. Considerations on Indian Affairs, particularly respecting the present state of Bengal. 3 vols. 1772–5.

Boyd, H. The Indian Observer. Calcutta, 1795.

—— Miscellaneous Works, with an account of his life and writings, by Campbell, L. D. 2 vols. 1800.

Briggs, J. History of the Rise of the Mahomedan Power in India till the Year 1612, translated from the Persian of Mahomed Kasim Ferishta. 4 vols. London, 1829. Rptd., Calcutta, 1908.

Bruton, W. Newes from the East Indies: or a Voyage to Bengalla.… With the State and Magnificence of the Court of Malcandy. 1638.

Buchanan-Hamilton, F. Journey from Madras through the Countries of Mysore, Canara, and Malabar. 3 vols. London, 1807. 2 vols. Madras, 1870.

—— An Account of the Kingdom of Nipal. Edinburgh, 1819.

Busteed, H. E. Echoes from Old Calcutta. Calcutta, 1882. 4th edn., London, 1908.

Cadell, J. E. Ida Craven. 2 vols. 1876.

—— Worthy. A Study of Friendship. 1895.

Chesney, Sir G. T. The Battle of Dorking, or Reminiscences of a Volunteer. Blackwood’s Magazine. 1871. Edinburgh and London, 1871. Rptd. 1914.

—— The Dilemma. 3 vols. Edinburgh and London, 1876. 2nd edn. 1876.

—— The New Ordeal. Edinburgh and London, 1879.

—— A Private Secretary. 3 vols. Edinburgh and London, 1881.

—— The Lesters: or a Capitalist’s Labour. 3 vols. 1893.

Curwen, H. Zit and Xoe: Their Early Experiences. (Rptd. from Blackwood’s Magazine.) Edinburgh and London, 1886.

—— Lady Bluebeard. 2 vols. Edinburgh and London, 1888.

—— Dr. Hermione. Edinburgh and London, 1889.

Derozio, H. L. V. Poems. Calcutta, 1827.

—— The Fakeer of Jungheera, a Metrical Tale, and Other Poems. Calcutta, 1828.

—— Poetical Works of H. L. V. Derozio. Ed. Shah, B. B. Calcutta, 1907.

Dey, Lal Behari. Govinda Samanta, or the History of a Bengal Raiyat. 2 vols. 1874. Reissued as Bengal Peasant Life. 1878, with frequent subsequent edns.

—— Folk Tales of Bengal. 1883. Several subsequent edns.

Dow, A. Zingis, A Tragedy. 1769, 1773.

—— Sethona, A Tragedy. 1774.

—— The History of Hindostan, from the earliest account of time to the death of Akbar, translated from the Persian of Muhummud Casim Ferishtah.… Vols. I and II. (Vol. III. The History of Hindostan from the death of Akbar to the settlement of the Empire under Aurungzeb … ) 3 vols. 1768–72. New edn. 1770–2.

Dutt, G. C. Cherry Blossoms. 1887.

Dutt, Michael Madhu Sadan. The Captive Ladie: An Indian Tale. Madras, 1849.

—— Ratnavali: A Drama in Four Acts from the Bengali. Calcutta, 1858.

—— Is This Called Civilisation? (A Farce.) Calcutta, 1871.

Dutt, Romesh Chunder. A History of Civilisation in Ancient India. 3 vols. 1889–90.

—— Lays of Ancient India in English Verse. 1894.

—— Mahabharata, The Epic of Ancient India. 1898.

—— Economic History of British India. 1902.

—— The Lake of Palms: a Story of Indian Domestic Life. 1902.

—— India in the Victorian Age: Economic History of the People. 1904.

—— The Slave Girl of Agra: An Indian Historical Romance. 1909.

Dutt, S. C. The Dutt Family Album (with Dutt, G. C.). 1870.

—— A Vision of Sumeru, and other Poems. Calcutta, 1878.

—— Collected Works. 10 vols. 1884.

Dutt, Torulata. A Sheaf gleaned in French Fields. Calcutta, 1876. London, 1880.

—— Ancient Ballads and Legends of Hindustan. (With an Introductory Memoir by Gosse, E. W.) 1882, 1885.

—— [Le Journal de Mlle. Arvers. Paris, 1879.]

Elliot, Sir H. M. The History of India, as told by its own Historians. 8 vols. 1867–77.

Elphinstone, M. The History of India. 2 vols. 1841. 9th edn., by Cowell. 1905.

—— An Account of the Kingdom of Caubal and its Dependencies in Persia, Tartary, and India. 1815, 1839.

—— The Rise of the British Power in the East. Ed. Colebrooke, E. 1887.

Fay, Mrs. Original Letters from India. Calcutta, 1817. Rptd. Calcutta, 1908.

Fitch, R. The Voyage of … Ralph Fitch … by the way of Tripoli in Syria to Ormus and so to Goa in the East Indies, to Cambaia, and all the Kingdom of the Great Mogor. In R. Hakluyt’s Principal Navigations, etc. 1598. Ed. Ryley, J. R. 1899.

Fryer, J. A New Account of East India and Persia, in eight letters, being nine years travel begun 1672 and finished 1681. 1698. Ed. Crooke, W. for Hakluyt Society. 1909.

Grant-Duff, J. C. A History of the Mahrattas. 3 vols. London, 1826. Rptd., Bombay, 1863, 1873, 1878, and Calcutta, 1912.

Hamilton, A. A New Account of the East Indies. Edinburgh, 1727.

Hamilton, C. An Historical Relation of the Origin, Progress and Final Dissolution of the Government of the Rohilla Afgans. 1787, 1788.

Heber, R. Narrative of a Journey through the Upper Provinces of India from Calcutta to Bombay 1824–5 (with notes upon Ceylon). An Account of a Journey to Madras and the Southern Province, 1826, and Letters written in India. 2 vols. 1828, 1844.

—— Poetical Works of Reginald Heber, etc. 1841.

Hockley, W. B. Pandurang Hari, or Memoirs of a Hindoo. 3 vols. 1826. Ed. Sir Bartle Frere. 1 vol. 1827.

—— Tales of the Zenana, or a Nuwab’s Leisure Hours. 1827. New edn. 1874.

—— The English in India. 1828.

—— The Vizier’s Son. 3 vols. 1831.

—— Memoirs of a Brahmin, or the Fatal Duel. 3 vols. 1843. 3rd edn. 2 vols. Edinburgh and London, 1873.

Holwell, J. Z. A Genuine Narrative of the deplorable deaths of the English gentlemen and others who were suffocated in the Black Hole. 1758. Rptd. Calcutta, 1884, 1899.

—— India Tracts. 1758, 1764, 1774.

—— Interesting Historical Events, relative to the Provinces of Bengal and the Empire of Indostan. 1765–71.

Hunter, Sir W. W. Annals of Rural Bengal. 1868.

—— Orissa. (The 2nd and 3rd vols. of the above.) 1872.

—— The Imperial Gazetteer of India. 9 vols. 1881. 1907–9 [so much enlarged and rewritten that it is no longer Hunter’s work].

—— The Indian Empire: its History, People, and Products. 1882. (The 1st vol. of the Gazetteer.)

—— A brief History of the Indian Peoples. 1882.

—— The Old Missionary. New York, 1890. London, 1895.

—— A Life of Brian Houghton Hodgson. 1896.

—— The Thackerays in India, and some Calcutta graves. 1897.

—— A History of British India. 2 vols. 1899.

—— The India of the Queen, and other Essays. Ed. lady Hunter. 1903.

Jones, Sir W. Sacontala, or The Fatal Ring. An Indian Drama translated from the original Sanskrit and Pracrit. Calcutta, 1789. Latest edn. (Scott library.) 1902.

—— The Works of Sir William Jones. (Ed. by Jones, Anne Maria, with a discourse on the life and writings of Sir W. Jones by lord Teignmouth.) 6 vols. 1799.

—— Poetical Works, with Life. 1807.

Kaye, Sir J. W. Long Engagements: A Tale of the Affghan Rebellion. 1846.

—— History of the War in Affghanistan. 2 vols. 1851, 1853. 3 vols. 1857–8.

—— The Administration of the East India Company. 1853.

—— The Life and Correspondence of Charles, Lord Metcalfe. 2 vols. 1854.

—— Life and Correspondence of Major-General Sir John Malcolm. 2 vols. 1856, 1857.

—— A History of the Sepoy War in India. 3 vols. 1864–75. (Kaye and Malleson, ed. Malleson. 6 vols. 1889–91.)

—— Lives of Indian Officers, illustrative of the History of the Civil and Military Services in India. 2 vols. 1867.

Keene, H. G. Ex Eremo: Poems chiefly written in India. 1854. Edinburgh, 1855.

—— The Moghal Empire, from the Death of Aurangzeb to the Overthrow of the Mahratta Power. 1866, 1876, 1887.

—— Indian Administration. 1867.

—— Under the Rose: Poems written chiefly in India. 1868.

—— The Turks in India. 1879.

—— Peepul Leaves: Poems written in India. 1879.

—— Sketches in Indian Ink, by Smith, John, jnr., Colonel (retired list). Calcutta, 1879.

Keene, H. G. Poems, Original and Translated. Calcutta, 1882.

—— Fifty-Seven: some account of the Administration of Indian Districts during the Revolt of the Bengal Army. 1883.

—— A Sketch of the History of Hindustan, from the First Muslim Conquest to the Fall of the Moghal Empire. 1885.

—— Madhava Rao Sindhia. (Rulers of India Series.) 1892.

—— History of India. 2 vols. 1893. Edinburgh, 1906.

—— A Servant of John Company: Recollection of an Indian official. 1897.

—— The Great Anarchy. Originally published in The Calcutta Review. Issued in Calcutta as a book, 1901. Publication cancelled. Reissued as Hindustan under Free Lances. London, 1907.

—— Here and There. Memories, Indian and other. 1906.

Kelly, C. A. Delhi, and other Poems. 1864, 1872.

Lang, J. Too Clever by Half, or the Harroways. 1853. 12th edn. 1878.

—— The Wetherbys, Father and Son. 1853.

—— Will He Marry Her? 1858.

—— The Ex-Wife. 1859.

—— My Friend’s Wife, or York, You’re Wanted. 1859.

(Also several other novels.)

—— Wanderings in India, and other Sketches of Life in Hindostan. 1859.

Lee-Warner, Sir William. The Life of the Marquis of Dalhousie. 2 vols. 1904.

The Protected Princes of India. 1894. 2nd edn. revised, entitled The Native States of India. 1910.

Leslie, Mary E. Sorrows, Aspirations and Legends from India. 1858.

—— Heart Echoes from the East, or Sacred Lyrics and Sonnets. 1861.

Leyden, J. The Poetical Remains of the late Dr. John Leyden. With Memoirs of his Life by the Rev. J. Morton. 1819.

—— Malay Annals. 1821.

—— An Anglo-Indian Poet, John Leyden. Madras, 1912.

(This is a collection of Leyden’s Anglo-Indian poems only.)

Lyall, Sir A. C. Asiatic Studies, Religious and Social. 1882. 2nd series. 1899.

—— Verses written in India. 1889. 6th edn. 1907.

—— Rise and Expansion of the British Dominion in India. 1894. 5th edn. 1910.

Malabari, B. M. The Indian Muse in English Garb. Bombay, 1876.

—— Gujarat and the Gujaratis. London, 1882. Bombay, 1884, 1889.

—— The Indian Eye on English Life. 1893.

—— The Indian Problem. Bombay, 1894.

Malcolm, Sir J. Sketch of the Political History of India from the introduction of Mr. Pitt’s Bill A.D. 1784 to the present date. 1811.

—— Sketch of the Sikhs. London, 1812. Benares, 1894.

—— The History of Persia from the most early period to the present time. 2 vols. 1815, 1829.

—— A Memoir of Central India. 2 vols. 1823, 1824, 1832, 1880.

—— The Political History of India from 1784 to 1823. 2 vols. 1826.

—— Miscellaneous Poems. Bombay, 1829.

—— The Government of India. 1833.

—— The Life of Robert, Lord Clive, collected from the Family Papers communicated by the Earl of Powis. 3 vols. 1836.

Malleson, G. B. The Decisive Battles of India from 1746 to 1849 inclusive. 1883.

Malleson, G. B. The Mutiny of the Bengal Army. (The Red Pamphlet.) 1858.

—— History of the French in India from the Founding of Pondicherry in 1674 to the Capture of that Place in 1761. 1868.

—— History of the Indian Mutiny 1857–8, commencing from the Close of the Second Volume of Sir John Kaye’s History of the Sepoy War. 3 vols. 1878–80.

—— History of Afghanistan from the Earliest Period to the War of 1878. 1879.

—— Final French Struggles in India and on the Indian Seas. 1878.

Marshman, J. C. The History of India from the Earliest Period to the Close of Lord Dalhousie’s Administration. 3 vols. 1867.

—— The Life and Times of Carey, Marshman, and Ward. 2 vols. 1859.

McCrindle, J. W. Ancient India as described by Megasthenes and Arrian. 1877.

—— The Commerce and Navigation of the Erythraean Sea. 1879.

—— Ancient India as described by Ptolemy. 1885.

—— Ancient India as described by Ktesias, the Knidian. 1892.

—— The Invasion of India by Alexander the Great as described by Arrian, Q. Curtius, Diodorus, Plutarch and Justin. 1893.

—— Ancient India as described in Classical Literature. 1901.

Methold, W. Relations of the Kingdome of Golchonda and other neighbouring nations within the Gulf of Bengala … and the English Trade in those parts. In Purchas his Pilgrimage. 1626.

Muir, Sir W. Life of Mahomet. 4 vols. 1858–61.

—— Annals of the Early Caliphate. 1883.

—— The Mameluke, or Slave Dynasty of Egypt, 1260–1517. 1896.

—— The Caliphate: Its Rise, Decline and Fall. 1891.

Orme, R. A History of the Military Transactions of the British nation in Indostan from the year 1744. (Vol. II in two parts in 1778.) London, 1763–78. 6th edn. 3 vols. London, 1803. Rptd., Madras, 1861; Calcutta, 1905.

—— Historical Fragments of the Mogul Empire, of the Morattoes, and of the English Concerns in Indostan from 1659. 1782. Rptd. 1805.

Parker, H. M. The Draught of Immortality, and other poems. With Cromwell, a Dramatic Sketch. 1827.

—— Bole Ponjis. Containing the Tale of the Buccaneer, a Bottle of Red Ink, and other ingredients. 2 vols. 1851.

Pritchard, I. T. How to Manage it. A Novel. 3 vols. 1864.

—— Administration of India from 1859 to 1868. 2 vols. 1869.

—— Chronicles of Budgepore: or Sketches of Life in Upper India. 2 vols. 1870, 1880.

Raymond (Haji Mustapha). A Translation of the Seir Mutaqherin: or View of Modern Times; written in Persian by Seid-Gholam-Hossein-Khan. 3 vols. Calcutta, 1789. Rptd., 4 vols., 1902.

Rennell, J. Memoir of a Map of Hindostan: or the Mogul Empire. 1783. Several subsequent edns.

Richardson, D. L. Literary Chit-Chat, with Miscellaneous Poems and Appendix of Prose Papers. Calcutta, 1848.

—— Literary Leaves, or Prose and Verse. Calcutta, 1836. 2nd edn. 2 vols. 1840.

—— Literary Recreations, or Essays, Criticisms and Poems chiefly written in India. Calcutta, 1852. London, 1853.

—— Miscellaneous Poems. Calcutta, 1822.

—— Sonnets and other Poems. 1825.

Richardson, D. L. The Anglo-Indian Passage, Homeward and Outward. 1845, 1849.

Robinson, P. S. Nugae Indicae, selected from Zech Oriel’s Notebook. Allahabad, 1873.

—— In my Indian Garden. 1878.

—— Under the Punkah. 1881.

Roe, Sir T. The Embassy of Sir Thomas Roe to the Court of the Great Mogul. In Churchill’s Collection of Voyages and Travels. 1707–47. Also in Travels in India in the Seventeenth Century by Sir Thomas Roe and Dr. John Fryer. 1873. Ed. Foster, W. for Hak. Soc., mainly from Roe’s own MSS. (Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 6115). 1899.

Roy, Rammohan. The Precepts of Jesus, the Guide to Peace and Happiness. Calcutta, 1820. London, 1824. Boston, 1828.

—— The English Works of Raja Rammohan Roy. Ed. Ghose, J. C. 3 vols. Calcutta, 1901.

Sherwood, Mary Martha. Little Henry and his Bearer. London, 1815. Edinburgh, 1869.

Taylor, P. M. Confessions of a Thug. 3 vols. 1839.

—— Tippoo Sultan: A Tale of the Mysore War. 1840.

—— Tara: A Mahratta Tale. 3 vols. 1863.

—— Ralph Darnell. 3 vols. 1865.

—— A Student’s Manual of the History of India. 1871.

—— Seeta. 3 vols. 1873.

—— A Noble Queen: A Romance of Indian History. 3 vols. 1878. 1 vol. 1880.

—— The Story of my Life. Ed. by his daughter. Edinburgh and London, 1877, 1878.

Tod, J. Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, or the Central and Western Rajpoot States of India. 2 vols. London, 1829–32. Madras, 1873. London, 1914.

—— Travels in Western India. 1839.

Torrens, H. W. Selections from the Writings of H. W. Torrens, with a Biographical Memoir. Ed. Hume, J. Calcutta (ptd.) and London, 1854.

Verelst, H. View of the Rise, Progress and Present State of the English Government in Bengal. 1772.

Waterfield, W. Indian Ballads and other Poems. London, 1868. Allahabad, 1913.

Wheeler, J. T. Madras in the Olden Time. 3 vols. Madras, 1861–2. 1 vol. 1882.

—— The History of India from the Earliest Ages. 4 vols. 1867–81.

—— Early Records of British India: a History of the English Settlements in India. Calcutta, 1878, 1879.

—— India under British Rule. 1886.

—— A Short History of India, and of the Frontier States of Afghanistan, Nipal, and Burma. 1880.

Wilks, Mark. Historical Sketch of the South of India in an Attempt to trace the History of Mysoor. Vol. 1. 1810. Vols. II, III. 1817. 2 vols. Madras, 1869.

Wilson, C. R. The Early Annals of the English in Bengal. Vol. 1. London, 1895. Vol. II, pt. 1. London, 1900. pt. II. Calcutta, 1911.

—— Old Fort William in Bengal. (Ind. Records Series.) 2 vols. 1905.

Wilson, H. H. Select Specimens of the Theatre of the Hindus, translated from the original Sanskrit. 3 vols. Calcutta, 1827. London, 1835, 1871.

—— History of British India, 1805–1835. (A continuation of Mill’s History of British India.) 3 vols. 1845–8.

—— Complete Works. 1862–71.

Yeldham, W. Lays of Ind (by Aliph Cheem). (?) 1875. 12th edn. 1911.

—— Basil Ormond and Christabel’s Love. 1879.