The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21). rn VOLUME XVII. Later National Literature, Part II.

XXI. Political Writing Since 1850

§ 25. The Currency

Agitation for civil service reform and revision of the tariff centred in the East. On the other hand, the agrarian agitation and the demand for more liberal coinage of silver were Western movements. Rapid settlement and the exploitation of the West with borrowed capital, insufficient commercial facilities and high rates of interest, and speculation in railway construction created economic depression in that region. For relief, the farmers in the seventies organized the “Grange” or “Patrons of Husbandry,” a secret society. Among its objects were co-operation in business and state-regulation of public utilities. The grievances and purposes of the organization were reflected in scores of periodicals; also in three widely circulated books, Jonathan Perriam’s Groundswell, E. W. Martin’s History of the Granger Movement, and O. H. Kelley’s Origin and Progress of the Patrons of Husbandry.