The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21). rn VOLUME XVII. Later National Literature, Part II.

IX. Minor Humorists


An extensive list of American humorists prior to 1889 is given by H. C. Lukens under the title of American Literary Comedians in Harper’s Magazine, April, 1890. Outline biographies of living writers from 1899 on may be found in the successive volumes of Who’s Who in America. Bibliographical facts there given should be supplemented by reference to the American Catalogue and the United States Catalogue. Out of many appreciations of American humour should be noticed American Humour by Professor Stephen Leacock in The Nineteenth Century, August, 1914, and Humour and Satire, Chapter V of The American Mind, by Professor Bliss Perry.

Adams, Charles Follen (1842–1918). Leedle Yawcob Strauss and Other Poems. Boston [1877]. Dialect Ballads. 1888. Yawcob Strauss and Other Poems [complete]. Boston, 1910.

Adams, Franklin Pierce [“F. P. A.”] (1881– ). In Cupid’s Court. [Verse.] Evanston, Ill., 1902. Tobogganing on Parnassus. 1910. In Other Words. 1912. By and Large. 1914. Weights and Measures. 1917. Among Us Mortals. [Text to W. E. Hill’s drawings.] Boston, 1917.

Ade, George (1866– ). Artie. Chicago, 1896. Pink Marsh. Chicago, 1897. Doc Horne. Chicago, 1899. Fables in Slang. Chicago, 1899. More Fables. Chicago, 1900. Forty Modern Fables. [A collection of the above.] 1901. The Girl Proposition: a Bunch of He and She Fables. 1902. People You Know. 1903. In Babel: Stories of Chicago. 1903. Modern Fables: the Modern Fable of the Escape of Arthur and the Salvation of Herbert. 1903. Breaking into Society. 1904. True Bills. 1904. In Pastures New. 1906. The Slim Princess. Indianapolis, 1907. Knocking the Neighbors. 1912. Ade’s Fables. 1914.

Also author of plays: The Sultan of Sulu, 1902; Peggy from Paris, 1903; The County Chairman, 1903; the Sho-Gun, 1904; The College Widow, 1904; The Bad Samaritan, 1905; Just Out of College, 1905; Marse Covington, 1906; Mrs. Peckham’s Carouse, 1906; Father and the Boys, 1907; The Fair Co-Ed, 1908; The Old Town, 1909; Nettie, 1914.

Bailey, James Montgomery (1841–1894). Life in Danbury. Boston, 1873. They All Do It; or, Mr. Miggs of Danbury and his Neighbors. Boston [1877]. England from a Back-Window: with views of Scotland and Ireland. Boston, 1879. Mr. Phillips’ Goneness. Boston, 1879. The Danbury Boom, with a full account of Mrs. Cobleigh’s action therein. Boston, 1880.

Burdette, Robert Jones (1844–1914). Hawkeyetems. Burlington, Iowa, 1877. The Rise and Fall of the Mustache and other “Hawk-Eyetems.” Burlington, Iowa [1877]. Hawkeyes. 1879. William Penn, 1644–1718. 1882. Innach Garden and Other Comic Sketches. 1886. Sons of Asaph. [n. d.] Chimes from a Jester’s Bells: Stories and Sketches. Indianapolis, 1897. Smiles Yoked with Sighs. [Verse.] Indianapolis, 1900. Gems of Modern Wit and Humour. [Edited.] Chicago [1903]. Old Time and Young Tom. [A reprint of earlier pieces.] Indianapolis, 1912.

Clark, Charles Heber [“Max Adeler”] (1841–1915). Out of the Hurly-Burly; or, Life in an Odd Corner. Philadelphia, London, 1874. Also in German by Busch, M., as Fern vom Weltgetümmel, 1874. Elbow-Room: a Novel without a Plot. Philadelphia, London, 1876. Random Shots. Philadelphia, London, 1879. Fortunate Island, and Other Stories. Boston [1881]. Captain Bluitt: a Tale of Old Turley. Philadelphia, 1901. In Happy Hollow. Philadelphia, 1903. The Quakeress. Philadelphia, 1905. The Great Natural Healer. Philadelphia, 1910. By the Bend of the River: Tanonles of Cock Old and New. Philadelphia, 1914.


Mr. Dooley in Peace and in War. Boston, 1898. Mr. Dooley in the Hearts of His Countrymen. Boston, 1899. Mr. Dooley’s Philosophy. 1900. Mr. Dooley’s Opinions. 1901. Observations by Mr. Dooley. 1902. Dissertations by Mr. Dooley. 1906. Mr. Dooley Says. 1910. New Dooley Book. 1911. Mr. Dooley on Making a Will. 1919.

EUGENE FIELD (1850–1895)

Works. Sabine Edition. [With memoir by Field, R. M.] 10 vols. 1896. 2 vols. added, 1900. Poems. Complete Edition. 1910.

The Tribune Primer. Denver, Col., 1882. Also as A Model Primer. [Illustrated.] Brooklyn, 1882. Culture’s Garland; being Memoranda of the Gradual Rise of Literature, Art, Music, and Society in Chicago and other Western Ganglia. Boston, 1887. A Little Book of Profitable Tales. [Privately printed, Chicago, 1889.] 1890. With Trumpet and Drum. [Verse.] 1892. The Holy Cross and Other Tales. [Privately printed, Cambridge, Mass., 1893.] Chicago, 1893. Enlarged ed., 1896. The House: an Episode in the Lives of Reuben Baker, Astronomer, and of his Wife Alice. 1896. Love-Affairs of a Bibliomaniac. 1896. Second Book of Tales. 1896. The Temptation of Friar Gonsol: a Story of the Devil, two Saints and a Booke. Washington, D. C., 1900. Also as How One Friar Met the Devil and Two Pursued Him. Chicago, 1900. Sharps and Flats. [Collated by Thompson, S.] 2 vols. 1900. The Stars: a Slumber Story. 1901. Nonsense for Old and Young. [Sketches from the Denver Tribune. c. 1881.] Boston, 1901. My Book, to William C. Buskett. [Privately printed, St. Louis, Mo., 1906.] Sister’s Cake, and Other Stories. 1908. Penn-Yan Bill’s Wooing. [Privately printed, Boston, 1914.] Verse and Prose from the George H. Yenowine Collection of Books and Manuscripts. [Edited by Harper, H. H.; introduction by Trent, W. P. Privately printed, Boston, 1917.]

See, also, Bibliography to Book II, Chap. XXIII.

See introductions to the several volumes of Field’s Works, Sabine Edition.

Below, Mrs. I. C. Eugene Field in his Home. 1898.

Bush, B. E. An Afternoon with Eugene Field. Chicago, 1904.

Field, E. An Auto-Analysis. [Whimsical autobiography.] Chicago, 1896.

Garland, H. Real Conversations—II. A Dialogue between Eugene Field and Hamlin Garland. McClure’s Magazine, August, 1893.

Stedman, E. C. Genius and Other Essays, 183–92. 1911.

Thompson, S. Eugene Field, 2 vols. 1905.

Wilson, F. The Eugene Field I Know. 1898.

—— Eugene Field, the Humorist. Century Magazine, July, 1902.

Holley, Marietta [“Samantha Allen”] (1844– ). My Opinions and Betsey Bobbet’s; by Josiah Allen’s Wife. Hartford [1873]. Josiah Allen’s Wife: Samantha at the Centennial. Hartford [1878]. My Wayward Partner; or, My Trials with Josiah. Hartford, 1880. The Lament of the Mormon Wife. [Verse.] Hartford, 1880. Miss Richard’s Boy. 1883. Sweet Cicely; or, Josiah Allen as a Politician. 1885. Samantha at Saratoga.Philadelphia, 1887. Poems. 1887. Miss Jones’ Quilting. 1887. Samantha among the Brethren. 1890. Samantha on the Race Problem. 1892. Also as Samantha among the Colored Folks: My Ideas on the Race Problem. 1894. Samantha at the World’s Fair. 1893. Josiah’s Alarm; and, Abel Perry’s Funeral. Philadelphia, 1893. Samantha in Europe. 1895. Round the World with Josiah Allen’s Wife. 1899. Samantha at the St. Louis Exposition. [1904.] The Borrowed Automobile. 1906. Samantha vs. Josiah. 1906. Samantha on Children’s Rights. 1909. Samantha at Coney Island and a Thousand Other Islands. 1911. Samantha on the Woman Question. 1913. Josiah Allen on the Woman Question. 1914.

Original Works

Meister Karl’s Sketch-Book. Philadelphia, 1855. Revised, London [1872]. The Poetry and Mystery of Dreams. Philadelphia, 1856. Sunshine in Thought. 1862. Ye Book of Copperheads. [Anon.] Philadelphia, 1862 [3]. Life of Abraham Lincoln. London, 1863. The Art of Conversation. 1864. Legends of the Birds. [Verse.] Philadelphia, 1864. Mother Pitcher’s Poems. 1864. Hans Breitmann’s Party, with Other Ballads. Philadelphia [1868]. Hans Breitmann about Town, and Other New Ballads. [Second Series.] Philadelphia [1869]. Hans Breitmann und his Philosopede. 1869. Hans Breitmann in Politics. A Humorous Poem. Philadelphia, 1869. Hans Breitmann’s Christmas. With Other Ballads. London, 1869. Hans Brietmann in Church. With Other New Ballads. [Third Series.] Philadelphia [1870]. Breitmann as an Uhlan. London, 1871. Hans Breitmann as an Uhlan. With Other New Ballads. [Fourth Series.] Philadelphia [1871]. Hans Breitmann in Europe. With Other New Ballads. [Fifth Series.] Philadelphia [1871]. Hans Breitmann’s Ballads. [Collected.] Philadelphia [1871]. London, 1871. [Best edition with an introduction by Pennell, E. R., Boston, 1914.] The Music Lesson of Confucius, and Other Poems. Boston, 1872. London, 1872. The Egyptian Sketch-Book. London and New York, 1873. The English Gypsies and their Language. London and New York, 1873. Red Indiana. In Temple Bar, London, 1875–6. [Never reprinted.] Pidgin-English Sing-Song; or, Songs and Stories in the China-English Dialect. London and Philadelphia, 1876. Johnnykin and the Goblins. London and New York, 1876. Abraham Lincoln and the Abolition of Slavery. London and New York, 1879. Ebenezer: a Novel. Temple Bar, London, 1879. [Never reprinted.] The Gypsies. Boston, 1882. The Algonquin Legends of New England. Boston, 1884. Brand-New Ballads. London, 1885. Snooping. London [1885]. A Dictionary of Slang. [With Barrère, F.] 2 vols. London, 1889–90. Revised, 1897. Gypsy Sorcery and Fortune-Telling. London, 1891. The Hundred Riddles of the Fairy Bellaria. London, 1892. Etruscan-Roman Remains in Popular Tradition. London, 1892. Hans Breitmann in Germany: Tyrol. London, 1895. Songs of the Sea and Lays of the Land. London, 1895. Legends of Florence. 2 vols. London, 1895–6. Aradia, or the Gospel of the Witches of Italy. London, 1899. The Unpublished Legends of Virgil. London, 1899. Flaxius. Leaves from the Life of an Immortal. London, 1902. Kulóskap the Master. And Other Algonkin Poems. [With Prince, J. D.] 1902.


Pictures of Travel. [From the German of Heine.] London and Philadelphia, 1855. Heine’s Book of Songs. Philadelphia, 1864. Letters to a Lady. [From the German of Humboldt, W. von.] Philadelphia, 1864. An Artist’s Poems. [From the German of Schmolze, C. H.] Philadelphia, 1864. The German Mother Goose. Philadelphia, 1864. Also as Mother Goose from Germany. 1873. Memoirs of a Good-for-Nothing. [From the German of Eichendorff, J. von.] 1866. Gaudeamus! Humorous Poems. [From the German of Scheffel, J. von.] Boston, 1872. Fusang; or, the Discovery of America by Chinese Buddhist Priests, etc. [From the German of Neumann, C. F.] London, 1875. English-Gypsy Songs. [With Palmer, E. H., and Tuckey, J.] Philadelphia and London, 1875. The Family Life of Heinrich Heine. London, 1893. Works of Heinrich Heine. 8 vols. London, 1893.

American Humour. British Quarterly Review, October, 1870.

Bentzon, T. [Mme. Blanc.] Les Humoristes Américains—II. Artemus Ward et Hans Breitmann, l’ennemi des Allemands. Revue des Deux Mondes, 15 August, 1872.

Charles Godfrey Leland. Knickerbocker Magazine, February, 1856.

Leland, C. G. Memoirs. 2 vols. London, 1893.

Masefield, J. Hans Breitmann. Academy, 4 April, 1903.

Pennell, E. R. [Leland’s niece.] Charles Godfrey Leland. A Biography. 2 vols. Boston, 1906.

Lewis, Charles Bertrand [“M. Quad”] (1842– ). Quad’s Odds. Detroit, 1865. Goaks and Tears. Boston, 1875. Bessie Baine; or, The Mormon’s Victim. Chicago [1880]. Sawed-off Sketches: Selections, Humorous and Pathetic, Army Stories, etc. 1884. Field, Fort, and Fleet. Sketches of the late War, 1861–1863. Detroit, 1885. Under Fire; or, the Cruise of the “Destroyer.” [1886]. The Lime-Kiln Club. Chicago [1887]. Sparks of Wit and Humour. London, 1887. Under Five Lakes. 1887. Trials and Troubles of the Bowser Family. Chicago, 1895. Boy Scouts. 1898. Scout and Spy. 1898. Funny Experiences of Mr. and Mrs. Bowser. Chicago [1899]. The Life and Troubles of Mr. Bowser, etc. Chicago, 1902. Humorous Mr. Bowser, 1911.

Marquis, Donald Robert Perry (1878– ). Danny’s Own Story. 1912. Dreams and Dust. 1915. The Cruise of the Jasper B. 1916. Hermione and her Little Group of Serious Thinkers. 1916.

Edgar Wilson Nye [“Bill Nye”] (1850–1896). Bill Nye and Boomerang; or, the Tale of a Meek-eyed Muel. Chicago, 1881. Bill Nye’s Blossom Rock. Chicago, 1885. Baled Hay. Chicago [1887]. Bill Nye’s Chestnuts. [1887.] Remarks by Bill Nye. Chicago, 1887. Forty Liars and Other Lies. Chicago [1887]. Bill Nye’s Thinks. Chicago, 1888. Nye and Riley’s Railway Guide. [With Riley, J. W.] Chicago, 1888. Fun, Wit, and Humour. [With Riley, J. W.] Chicago, 1889. Sparks from the Pen of Bill Nye. Chicago, 1893. As Bill Nye’s Sparks 1896. Poems and Yarns. [With Riley, J. W.] Chicago, 1893. Bill Nye’s History of the United States. Philadelphia, 1894. Bill Nye’s History of England from the Druids to the Reign of Henry VII. Philadelphia, 1896. A Guest at the Ludlow, and Other Stories. Indianapolis, 1897. The Funny Fellow’s Grab Bag. 1903. Bill Nye’s Red Book. Chicago, 1906.

William Sydney Porter [“O. Henry”] (1867–1910). See Bibliography to Book III, Chap. VI. Waifs and Strays. 1919.

Adcock, A. St. J. O. Henry. Littell’s Living Age, 25 November, 1916.

Adams, P. O. Henry and Texas. Bellman, 22 September, 1917.

Burton, R. A Debauch of O. Henry. Bellman, 26 January, 1918.

Gerould, K. F. [Interview with, on O. Henry.] Bookman, August, 1916.

Henderson, A. O. Henry and North Carolina. Nation, 14 January, 1915.

Leacock, S. O. Henry and his Critics. New Republic, 2 December, 1916.

Maurice, A. B. About New York with O. Henry. Bookman, September, 1913

Materials of Romance. Nation, 9 June, 1910.

Newbolt, F. Letter to a Dead Author. Nineteenth Century, October, 1917.

Page, A. W. Little Pictures of O. Henry. Bookman, June-August, 1913.

Richardson, C. F. O. Henry and New Orleans. Bookman, May, 1914.

Rollins, H. E. O. Henry. Sewanee Review, April, 1914.

—— O. Henry’s Texas Days. Bookman, October, 1914.

Saxton, E. F. The O. Henry Index. [1917].

Stanton, T. O. Henry in France. Dial, II May, 1916.

Steger, H. P. O. Henry—Who He Is and How He Works. World’s Work, June, 1909.

—— Life of O. Henry. Bookman, October, 1911.

—— Some O. Henry Letters and the Plunkville Patriot. Independent, 5 September, 1912.

—— O. Henry, New Facts about the Great Author. Cosmopolitan, October, 1912.

—— O. Henry. [Biographical Sketch.] Bookman, March, 1913.

Taylor, Bert Leston [“B. L. T.”] (1866– ). Line-o’-type Lyrics. Evanston, Ill., 1902. The Well in the Wood. Indianapolis, 1904. The Log of the Water Wagon. [With Gibson, W. C.] Boston, 1905. Extra Dry: Further Adventures of the Water-Wagon. [With Gibson, W. C.] 1906, The Charlatans. Indianapolis, 1906. A Line-o’-Verse or Two. Chicago. 1912. The Pipesmoke Carry. Chicago, 1912. Motley Measures. Chicago, 1913.

Townsend, Edward Waterman [“Chimmie Fadden”] (1855– ). Chimmie Fadden and Major Max. 1895. A Daughter of the Tenements. [1895.] Near a Whole Cityful. 1897. The Yellow Kid in McFadden’s Flats. 1897. Days Like These. 1901. Chimmie Fadden and Mr. Paul. 1902. Lees and Leaven. 1903. A Summer in New York. 1903. “Sure”: New “Chimmie Fadden” Stories. 1904. Reuben Larkmead. 1905. Beaver Creek Farm. 1907. The Climbing Courvatells. 1909.