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The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
VOLUME XVIII. Later National Literature, Part III.

XXV. Scholars

§ 19. Classical Lexicography

Others of this generation worked at lexicography. John Pickering’s Lexicon has already been mentioned. Evangelinus Apostolides Sophocles (1807–83), born in Thessaly, taught Greek at Yale from 1837 to 1840, and thenceforth at Harvard, where from 1860 he was professor of Ancient, Byzantine, and Modern Greek. He published a Greek Grammar in 1838, but what makes him memorable is his compilation of the Greek Ducange, his great Greek Lexicon of the Roman and Byzantine Periods (1870). To Henry Drisler (1818–97) are due most of the emendations in the second edition (1887) of Sophocles’s Lexicon. Drisler, who was a professor of Greek in Columbia College, also prepared American editions of Liddell and Scott (1851) and of Yonge’s English-Greek Lexicon (1858). With Howard Crosby (1826–91), he founded in 1857 the “Greek Club” which ended with his life. Forcellini’s Latin Lexicon, abridged by Wilhelm Freund (1834–35), was the foundation of a Latin Dictionary (1850) by E. A. Andrews (1787–1858); which in turn was revised and re-edited in 1879 by Charlton Thomas Lewis (1834–1904), an ex-professor of Greek who at the time was practising law in New York, and Charles Lancaster Short (1821–86), professor of Latin in Columbia College.