Home  »  Volume XVIII: American LATER NATIONAL LITERATURE: PART III  »  § 8. Political Refugees of the Nineteenth Century

The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
VOLUME XVIII. Later National Literature, Part III.

XXXI. Non-English Writings I

§ 8. Political Refugees of the Nineteenth Century

Newspapers in the German language declined in quality in the early nineteenth century until the coming of the political refugees of the thirties and forties, when increasing numbers of German immigrants created a demand for newspapers in their own language. Among the early foundations which extended their influence beyond the close of the nineteenth century were the New Yorker Staats-Zeitung, founded in 1834; the Anzeiger des Westens (St. Louis), in 1835; and the Cincinnati Volksblatt, in 1836. The years succeeding the German revolution of 1848–1849 brought a large number of liberal leaders to the United States, who founded new journals or infused new life into the old, and aided in shaping public opinion in favour of abolition and union.