Harvard Classics, Vol. 43
Our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Gettysburg Address

Harvard Classics, Vol. 43

American Historical Documents


The 47 treaties, speeches, historical accounts and governmental documents in this collection trace the United States from the settling of the continent to the founding of the country to the Civil War and early twentieth-century international relations.

Bibliographic Record Introduction




  1. The Voyages to Vinland
  2. The Letter of Columbus to Luis de Sant Angel Announcing His Discovery
  3. Amerigo Vespucci’s Account of His First Voyage
  4. John Cabot’s Discovery of North America
  5. First Charter of Virginia
  6. The Mayflower Compact
  7. The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
  8. The Massachusetts Body of Liberties
  9. Arbitrary Government Described and the Government of the Massachusetts Vindicated from that Aspersion, by John Winthrop
  10. The Instrument of Government
  11. A Healing Question, by Sir Henry Vane.
  12. John Eliot’s Brief Narrative
  13. Declaration of Rights
  14. The Declaration of Independence
  15. The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence
  16. Articles of Confederation
  17. Articles of Capitulation, Yorktown
  18. Treaty with Great Britain
  19. Constitution of the United States
  20. The Federalist, Nos. 1 and 2
  21. Opinion of Chief Justice Marshall, in the Case of McCulloch vs. the State of Maryland
  22. Washington’s First Inaugural Address
  23. Treaty with the Six Nations
  24. Washington’s Farewell Address
  25. Treaty with France (Louisiana Purchase)
  26. Treaty with Great Britain (End of War of 1812)
  27. Arrangement as to the Naval Force to Be Respectively Maintained on the American Lakes
  28. Treaty with Spain (Acquisition of Florida)
  29. The Monroe Doctrine
  30. Webster-Ashburton Treaty with Great Britain
  31. Treaty with Mexico
  32. Fugitive Slave Act
  33. Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address
  34. Emancipation Proclamation
  35. Haskell’s Account of the Battle of Gettysburg
  36. Haskell’s Account of the Battle of Gettysburg
  37. Haskell’s Account of the Battle of Gettysburg
  38. Haskell’s Account of the Battle of Gettysburg
  39. Haskell’s Account of the Battle of Gettysburg
  40. Haskell’s Account of the Battle of Gettysburg
  41. Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address
  42. Proclamation of Amnesty
  43. Lincoln’s Letter to Mrs. Bixby
  44. Terms of Lee’s Surrender at Appomattox
  45. Lee’s Farewell to His Army
  46. Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address
  47. Proclamation Declaring the Insurrection at an End
  48. Treaty with Russia (Alaska Purchase)
  49. Annexation of the Hawaiian Islands
  50. Recognition of the Independence of Cuba
  51. Treaty with Spain (Cession of Porto Rico and the Philippines)
  52. Convention Between the United States and the Republic of Panama