Mawson, C.O.S., ed. (1870–1938). Roget’s International Thesaurus. 1922.

Class VI. Words Relating to the Sentient and Moral Powers
Section II. Personal Affections
1. Passive Affections

828. Pain.

   NOUN:PAIN, mental suffering, dolor, suffering, sufferance [rare], ache; smart &c. (physical pain) [See Physical Pain]; passion.
  DISPLEASURE, dissatisfaction, discomfort, discomposure, disquiet; malaise [F.], inquietude, uneasiness, vexation of spirit; taking [colloq.]; discontent [See Discontent].
  DEJECTION [See Dejection]; weariness [See Weariness]; anhedonia.
  ANNOYANCE, irritation, worry, infliction, visitation; plague, bore; bother, botheration [colloq.], stew [colloq.], vexation, mortification, chagrin, esclandre [F.]; mauvais quart d’heure [F.].
  CARE, anxiety, solicitude, trouble, trial, ordeal, fiery ordeal, shock, blow, cark [archaic], dole [archaic], fret, burden, load.
  GRIEF, sorrow, distress, affliction, woe, bitterness, heartache; carking cares [archaic]; concern; heavy -, aching -, bleeding -, broken- heart; heavy affliction, gnawing grief.
  MISERY, unhappiness, infelicity, tribulation, wretchedness, desolation; despair [See Hopelessness]; extremity, prostration, depth of misery; slough of despond (adversity) [See Adversity]; peck -, sea- of troubles; “the thousand natural shocks that flesh is heir to” [Hamlet] (evil) [See Dissuasion]; miseries of human life; the iron entering the soul; “unkindest cut of all” [Julius Cæsar].
  NIGHTMARE, ephialtes, incubus.
  ANGUISH, pang, agony, torture, torment; crucifixion, martyrdom, rack; purgatory (hell) [See Hell]; hell upon earth; iron age, reign of terror.
  SUFFERER, victim, prey, martyr, object of compassion, wretch, shorn lamb.
   VERB:SUFFER, ail; feel -, suffer -, experience -, undergo -, bear -, endure- pain &c. n., smart, ache &c. (physical pain) [See Physical Pain]; bleed; be the victim of.
  labor under afflictions; bear -, stagger under -, take up- the cross; quaff the bitter cup, have a bad time of it; fall on evil days (adversity) [See Adversity]; go hard with, come to grief, fall a sacrifice to, drain the cup of misery to the dregs, “sup full of horrors” [Macbeth].
  FRET, chafe, sit on thorns, be on pins and needles, wince, worry oneself, be in a taking [colloq.], fret and fume; take on [colloq.], take to heart; cark [archaic].
  GRIEVE; mourn (lament) [See Lamentation]; yearn, repine, pine, droop, languish, sink; give way; despair [See Hopelessness]; heart-scald [dial. Eng.]; break one’s heart; weigh upon the heart &c. (inflict pain) [See Painfulness].
   ADJECTIVE:PAINED, afflicted; in -, in a state of -, full of- pain &c. n.; suffering &c. v.; worried, displeased [See Painfulness]; aching, griped, sore &c. (physical pain) [See Physical Pain]; on the rack, in limbo; between hawk and buzzard.
  UNEASY, uncomfortable, ill at ease; in a taking, in a way [both colloq.]; disturbed; discontented [See Discontent]; out of humor [See Irascibility]; weary [See Weariness].
  UNFORTUNATE (hapless) [See Adversity]; to be pitied, doomed, devoted, accursed, undone, lost, stranded; fey [obs.]; victimized, a prey to, ill-used.
  UNHAPPY, infelicitous, poor, wretched, miserable, woe-begone; cheerless (dejected) [See Dejection]; careworn; heavy laden, stricken, crushed.
  concerned, sorry; sorrowing, sorrowful; cut up [colloq.], chagrined, horrified, horror-stricken; in -, plunged in -, a prey to- grief &c. n.; in tears (lamenting) [See Lamentation]; steeped to the lips in misery; heartstricken, heartbroken, heart-scalded [dial. Eng.]; broken-hearted; in despair [See Hopelessness].
  1. Hæret lateri lethalis arundo.—Vergil
  2. One’s heart bleeding.
  3. The iron entered into his soul.—Book of Common Prayer
  4. Down, thou climbing sorrow.—Lear
  5. Mirth cannot move a soul in agony.—Love’s Labor’s Lost
  6. Nessun maggior dolere che ricordarsi del tempo felice nella miseria.
  7. Sorrow’s crown of sorrow is remembering happier things.—Tennyson
  8. The Niobe of Nations.—Byron