Mawson, C.O.S., ed. (1870–1938). Roget’s International Thesaurus. 1922.

Class VI. Words Relating to the Sentient and Moral Powers
Section IV. Moral Affections
4. Moral Practice

953. Temperance.

   NOUN:TEMPERANCE, moderation, sobriety, soberness.
  forbearance, abnegation; self-denial, self-restraint, self-control (resolution) [See Resolution].
  ABSTINENCE, abstemiousness, asceticism; Encratism, prohibition; frugality; vegetarianism, teetotalism, total abstinence; system of -Pythagoras, – Cornaro; Pythagorism, Stoicism.
  ABSTAINER, Pythagorean, gymnosophist; nephalist, teetotaler [See Sobriety]; Encratite, vegetarian, fruitarian, hydropot [rare]; ascetic [See Churchdom].
   VERB:BE TEMPERATE &c. adj.; abstain, forbear, refrain, deny oneself, spare; know when one has had enough; take the pledge; prohibit; control the -old Adam, – carnal man, – fleshly lusts; refrain from indulgence, look not upon the wine when it is red.
   ADJECTIVE:TEMPERATE, moderate, sober, frugal, sparing, abstemious, abstinent; within compass; measured (sufficient) [See Sufficiency].
  Pythagorean; vegetarian, fruitarian; teetotal.
  1. Appetitus rationi obediant.—Cicero
  2. L’abstenir pour jouir c’est l épicurisme de la raison.—Rousseau
  3. Trahit sua quemque voluptas.—Vergil
  4. Feed on pulse, Drink the clear stream, and nothing wear but frieze.—Milton
  5. Holy dictate of spare Temperance.—Milton
  6. At rich men’s tables eaten bread and pulse.—Emerson