The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
Volume III. Renascence and Reformation.

VI. Sir David Lyndsay



Arbuthnot, A. (1538–83). See Pinkerton’s Ancient Scottish Poems. 1786.

Burel, J. (fl. 1590). Descriptioun, and The Passage of the Pilgrims in Watson’s Collection of Scots Poems, Part II, 1710; the former is also included in Sir Robert Sibbald’s Chronicle of Scottish Poetry, 1807.

Hume, Alexander. Poems, ed. Lawson. Scottish Text Society. 1902.

James VI. The Essayes of a Prentise in the Divine Art of Poesie. 1585.

—— Poetical Exercises. 1591.

Lauder, William. The Compendious and Breve Tractate. Ed. Hall, F. E.E.T.S. 1864.

—— Minor Poems. Ed. Furnivall, F. J. 1870.

Lyndsay. The complaynte and testament of a Popiniay which lyeth sore wounded and maye not dye, tyll every man hathe herd what he sayth: Wherefore gentyll readers haste you yt he were oute of his payne. Colophon. Here ends the complaynt, and testament of the Kynge of Scottes Papingo, compyled by David Lyndesay of the Mount, and finysshed the xiiij. day of Decembre, in the yere of our lorde, 1530. Imprynted at London in Fletestrete, at the sygne of the Sonne, by John Byddell. 1533. [The orthography has been a little anglicised and differs somewhat from that published with other poems of Lyndsay in 1558. There is a copy of the early edition in the British Museum and two others are known to exist.]

—— The Tragicall Death of David Beaton, Bishoppe of Sainct Andrews in Scotland: wherunto is joyned the Martrydom of Maister George Wysharte etc. Imprinted at London by John Daye and William Seres dwellinge in Sepulchre parish at the signe of the Resurrection, a little above Holbourne conduite. [Of this anglicised volume, probably printed in 1547, the only copy known is that in the British Museum.]

Lyndsay. Ane Dialog betuix Experience and Ane Courteour. Though having the imprint “Copmanhouin,” it was printed by John Scott, St. Andrews, between 1552 and 1554.

—— The Dialog, The Tragedie, The Testament and Complaynt of the Papyngo and the Dreme, in quarto and in octavo, were “Imprinted at the command and expences of Maister Samuel Jascuy in Paris, 1558.”

—— The Deploration of the Death of Queene Magdalen was first included in an edition of Lyndsay’s works published by Thomas Purfoote, London, in 1566. The volume is entitled: A Dialogue betweene Experience and a Courtier, of the Miserable State of the worlde, first compiled in the Schottishe tongue be Syr David Lyndsay Knight (a man of great learning and science) now newly corrected, and made perfit Englische, pleasaunt and profitable for al estates but chefly for gentlemen and such as are in authoritie. Hereunto are annexed pithy pieces of woorks invented by the said Knight, as shal largely appeare in the table after following.

—— The Warkis of the famous and Worthie Knicht Schir David Lyndesay of the Mont, Alias, Lyoun King of Armes. Newly correctit, and vindicate from the former errouris quhairwith thay war befoir corruptit: and augmentit with sindrie warkis quhilk was not befoir Imprentit. Newlie Imprentit be Johne Scot at the expensis of Henrie Charteris: and they ar to be sauld in his Buith, on the north syde of the gait, abone the Trone. 1568. [This edition includes the whole of Sir David Lyndsay’s works that are known to exist, with the exception of the Pleasant Satyre, which was first printed by Robert Charteris at Edinburgh in 1602, and the Historie of the Squyer William Meldrum of the Beins, which was first printed in the 1582 edition of Lyndsay’s works.]

Besides numerous editions of Lyndsay’s works by Henry Charteris, there was published, in 1574, an edition, “Imprentit at Edinburgh by Thomas Bassandyne, dwelland at the nether Bow.” An edition, in Danish, was published at Copenhagen in 1591. Modern editions are those of Chalmers, G., 3 vols., 1806; the English Text Society, ed. Small, J., 1865 ff.; and David Laing, 3 vols., Edinburgh, 1879 (full bibliography). The only surviving MSS. not copied from printed texts are those of the interludes of the Pleasant Satyre in the Bannatyne MS.

Maitland, Sir Richard. See the collections of Pinkerton and Sibbald; also ed. Maitland Club, 1830.

Montgomerie, A. The Cherrie and the Slae was published in 1597 and an edition “new altered, perfyted,” &c. by himself appeared in 1615. The Flyting was published in 1621 and The Mindes Melodie in 1605. Montgomerie’s Collected Poems, ed. Irving, 1821; Scottish Text Society, ed. Cranstoun, J., 1887. See also Brotanek, R., Untersuchungen über das Leben und die Dichtungen M.’s, Vienna, 1896; Hoffmann, O., Studien zu Alexander Montgomerie, Altenburg, 1894. The MS. authorities for Montgomerie are the Bannatyne, the Maitland and the Drummond (University of Edinburgh).

Rolland, J. Court of Venus. Edinburgh, 1575. Scottish Text Society, ed. Gregor, W. 1884.

—— The Sevin Seagis. Edinburgh, 1578 ff. Bannatyne Club, vol. LIX.

Satirical Poems of the Time of the Reformation. Ed. Cranstoun, J. Scottish Text Society. 3 vols. 1884–93. See also Wollmann, Über politischsatirische Gedichte aus der Schott-Reformationzeit, Vienna and Leipzig, 1898, and T. G. Stevenson’s ed. of The Sempill Ballads, 1872.

Scott, Alex. See Ramsay’s Evergreen, 1724; Lord Hailes’s Ancient Scottish Poems, 1770; and Sibbald’s Chronicle, 1802. A complete edition (rather bowdlerised) by Laing appeared in 1821, another was printed privately at Glasgow in 1882, a third, ed. Cranstoun, J., was published by the Scottish Text Society in 1895, and a fourth, ed. Donald, A. K., by the Early English Text Society, 1902.

Among modern books dealing with this period of Scottish literature, are G. Gregory Smith’s The Transition Period, 1900, and Specimens of Middle Scots, 1902; A. W. Ward’s A History of English Dramatic Literature to the Death of Queen Anne, vol. 1, 1899; and the general literary histories given in the following bibliography.

For bibliography of the Bannatyne and other MSS. see Vol. II, Chap. XI. H. G. Aldis’s List of Books printed in Scotland before 1700, Edinburgh, 1904, should also be consulted. For Prosody, see Saintsbury, G., A History of English Prosody, vol. 1, 1906, pp. 277 ff.