An Encyclopedia in Eighteen Volumes


Edited by A. W. Ward & A. R. Waller



Chapter I. Englishmen and the Classical Renascence
By the Rev. T. M. LINDSAY, D.D., Principal of the Glasgow College of the United Free Church of Scotland

  1. The birth of the classical renascence
  2. Erasmus
  3. His first visit to England
  4. Thomas Linacre
  5. William Grocyn
  6. English students at Paris
  7. John Colet
  8. William Lily
  9. John Fisher
  10. Sir Thomas More
  11. The spread of the classical renascence
  12. Sir Thomas Elyot
  13. Thomas Wilson


II. Reformation Literature in England
By the Rev. J. P. WHITNEY, B.D., King’s College, Cambridge; Professor of Ecclesiastical History, King’s College, London

  1. Simon Fish
  2. Erasmus and Cambridge
  3. Aspects of the reformation
  4. The Book of Common Prayer
  5. Evolution of the prayer-book
  6. Thomas Cranmer
  7. His influence
  8. The Homilies
  9. Hugh Latimer
  10. His sermons
  11. William Tindale
  12. The Bible in English
  13. Miles Coverdale
  14. The Great Bible
  15. The Scots New Testament
  16. Hymns
  17. Sternhold and Hopkins
  18. Results of the reformation period


III. The Dissolution of the Religious Houses
By the Rev. R. H. BENSON, M.A., Trinity College

  1. Destruction of books and of opportunities for study
  2. Decrease of scholarship
  3. New methods of thought
  4. New channels of intercourse
  5. Antiquarian study


IV. Barclay and Skelton
By ARTHUR KOELBING, Ph.D., Freiburg im Breisgau

  1. Alexander Barclay
  2. Sebastian Brant’s Narrenschiff
  3. Barclay’s additions to Brant
  4. The influence of The Ship of Fools
  5. Barclay’s Eclogues
  6. John Skelton
  7. Phyllyp Sparowe
  8. The Bowge of Courte
  9. Colyn Clout
  10. Speke, Parrot
  11. Why come ye nat to courte?
  12. Magnyfycence
  13. Characteristics of Skelton
  14. German influence on English literature
  15. English protestant dialogues
  16. Grobianus


V. The Progress of Social Literature in Tudor Times
By HAROLD V. ROUTH, M.A., Peterhouse, Professor of Latin in Trinity College, Toronto

  1. Cocke Lorell’s bote
  2. Mock testaments
  3. Fraternities, orders and dances of death
  4. The boke of Mayd Emlyn
  5. Widow Edith
  6. Satires and disquisitions on women
  7. The Schole-house of women
  8. The Proude Wyves Paternoster
  9. Jest-books
  10. Transition of society
  11. The Complaynt of Roderyck Mors
  12. Robert Crowley
  13. The Hye Way to the Spyttel Hous
  14. Awdeley’s Fraternitye of vacabones
  15. Harman’s Caveat
  16. Cosmopolitanism
  17. Andrew Boorde
  18. William Bullein
  19. A Dialogue against the Fever Pestilence
  20. Superstition in the sixteenth century
  21. Scot’s Discoverie of Witchcraft


VI. Sir David Lyndsay (and the Later Scottish “Makaris”)

  1. The Dreme
  2. The Testament and Complaynt of our Soverane Lordis Papyngo
  3. Ane Pleasant Satyre of the Thrie Estaitis
  4. Minor poets
  5. Sir Richard Maitland
  6. Alexander Scott
  7. Alexander Montgomerie


VII. Reformation and Renascence in Scotland
By P. HUME BROWN, M.A., LL.D., Scottish Historiographer Royal; Professor of Ancient (Scottish) History and Palaeography in the University of Edinburgh

  1. The reformation in Scotland
  2. Patrick Hamilton
  3. Alexander Alane
  4. Plays
  5. The Gude and Godlie Ballatis
  6. John Knox
  7. Historie of the reformation in Scotland
  8. Robert Lindesay of Pitscottie
  9. The Diary of Mr. James Melville
  10. Historians
  11. Political ballads
  12. John Major
  13. The Complaynt of Scotland
  14. Ninian Winzet
  15. John Leslie
  16. Hector Boece
  17. George Buchanan


VIII. The New English Poetry
By HAROLD H. CHILD, sometime Scholar of Brasenose College, Oxford

  1. Tottel’s Miscellany
  2. Sir Thomas Wyatt
  3. Wyatt’s sonnets
  4. Wyatt’s treatment of love
  5. Wyatt’s epigrams, satires and devotional pieces
  6. Henry Howard, earl of Surrey
  7. Poulter’s measure
  8. Surrey’s translations from Vergil and blank verse
  9. Thomas lord Vaux
  10. Nicholas Grimald
  11. Uncertain” authors in Tottel’s Miscellany
  12. Thomas Churchyard
  13. Thomas Tusser
  14. Barnabe Googe
  15. George Tubervile
  16. Thomas Howell
  17. Humfrey Gifford
  18. Miscellanies: The Paradyse of Daynty Devises
  19. A Gorgious Gallery of Gallant Inventions
  20. A Handefull of pleasant delites


IX. “A Mirror for Magistrates”
By JOHN W. CUNLIFFE, D.Lit. (London), Professor of English in the University of Wisconsin, U. S. A.

  1. The original design
  2. Contents of the parts
  3. Its popularity and influence
  4. Sackville
X. George Gascoigne

  1. His life
  2. The Posies
  3. His later works
  4. His achievements


XI. The Poetry of Spenser
By W. J. COURTHOPE, C.B., D.Litt., LL.D., New College, Oxford

  1. Spenser’s family
  2. Gabriel Harvey
  3. Platonism in Spenser’s love poems
  4. Spenser and Ficino
  5. Spenser and Harvey
  6. The Shepheards Calender
  7. Spenser’s literary obligations to Mantuan, Vergil and Marot
  8. Vocabulary of The Shepheards Calender
  9. The Faerie Queene
  10. Its design
  11. Orlando Furioso
  12. Allegory in The Faerie Queene
  13. The knight in the social organism
  14. Spenser as a word-painter and as a metrical musician
  15. His Complaints
  16. Colin Clout’s Come Home Again
  17. The later Hymnes
  18. Summary view of Spenser’s genius


XII. The Elizabethan Sonnet
By SIDNEY LEE, D.Litt., Oxford

  1. The model of construction
  2. French influences: Marot, Ronsard, Du Bellay
  3. Spenser and his French masters
  4. The influence of Petrarch
  5. Thomas Watson
  6. Sir Philip Sidney’s Astorphel and Stella
  7. Spenser’s Amoretti
  8. The sonneteering conceit of immorality
  9. Constable’s Diana
  10. Daniel
  11. Lodge
  12. Drayton
  13. Richard Barnfield
  14. Barnabe Barnes
  15. Giles Fletcher
  16. Sir William Alexander; Drummond of Hawthornden
  17. Elizabethan critics of the sonnet
  18. The sonnet of compliment


XIII. Prosody from Chaucer to Spenser
By GEORGE SAINTSBURY, M.A., Merton College, Oxford, Professor of Rhetoric and English Literature in the University of Edinburgh

  1. The prosody of the fourteenth century
  2. Piers Plowman
  3. The staple of English poetry
  4. Chaucer and his successors
  5. Doggerel
  6. The influence of music
  7. Wyatt and Surrey
  8. Sackville
  9. The drama
  10. The Shepheards Calender
  11. Spenser’s mission


XIV. Elizabethan Criticism

  1. Caxton’s prefaces
  2. Ascham
  3. The Spenser and Harvey letters
  4. Stanyhurst
  5. Gascoigne’s Notes of Instruction
  6. Sir Philip Sidney’s Apologie for Poetrie
  7. William Webbe’s Discourse of English Poetrie
  8. The Arte of English Poesie
  9. Sir John Harington
  10. The Harvey Nashe controversy
  11. Campion
  12. Daniel
  13. Summary


XV. Chroniclers and Antiquaries

  1. Edward Hall
  2. Raphael Holinshed
  3. Harrison’s Description of England
  4. John Stow
  5. John Speed
  6. William Camden
  7. John Leland
  8. Sir Thomas Smith
  9. John Foxe
  10. The history of King Richard the thirde
  11. George Cavendish
  12. Sir John Hayward


XVI. Elizabethan Prose Fiction
By J. W. H. ATKINS, M.A., Fellow of St. John’s College, Professor of English Language and Literature, University College of Wales, Aberystwyth

  1. Earlier native types
  2. The influence of translators
  3. John Lyly
  4. Euphues
  5. Euphuism
  6. Lyly’s influence
  7. Robert Greene
  8. Sir Philip Sidney
  9. Arcadia
  10. Its style and influence
  11. Greene’s romances
  12. Thomas Lodge
  13. Rosalynde
  14. Emanuel Ford
  15. Nicholas Breton
  16. Anthony Munday
  17. Greene’s autobiographical and realistic work
  18. Thomas Nashe
  19. The Unfortunate Traveller
  20. Its literary qualities
  21. Characteristics of Nashe’s prose
  22. Thomas Deloney
  23. Thomas of Reading
  24. Jack of Newbury
  25. The Gentle Craft
  26. Delaney’s literary characteristics
  27. General summary


XVII. The Marprelate Controversy
By J. DOVER WILSON, M.A., Gonville and Caius College, Lector in English in the University of Helsingsfors, Finland

  1. The origin of the controversy
  2. Penry’s Aequity and Udall’s Diotrephes
  3. The story of the press
  4. The style and character of the tracts
  5. The Epistle and The Epitome
  6. The Minerall Conclusions
  7. Hay any worke for Cooper?
  8. Martin Junior
  9. Martin Senior
  10. The Protestation
  11. The authorship of the tracts
  12. The theological reply to Martin
  13. The dramatic and literary replies
  14. The pamphlets of the Harveys
  15. The Harvey Nashe Greene controversy
  16. Martin’s literary influence


XVIII. “Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity”
By the Rev. F. J. FOAKES-JACKSON, D.D., Fellow and Assistant Tutor of Jesus College

  1. The Elizabethan settlement
  2. Calvin
  3. The Admonition to Parliament
  4. The puritan position
  5. Richard Hooker
  6. The preface to the Polity
  7. Varieties of law
  8. Hooker’s literary power
  9. His place in the reformation
  10. The position of his book in literature


XIX. English Universities, Schools and Scholarship in the Sixteenth Century
By W. H. WOODWARD, Christ Church, Oxford, sometime Professor of Education in the University of Liverpool

  1. Universities under Edward VI and Mary
  2. The accession of Elizabeth
  3. Civil law at the universities
  4. English learning in the sixteenth century
  5. Edinburgh University, Trinity College, Dublin, and Gresham College
  6. English schools under Elizabeth
  7. The school curriculum
  8. John Cheke
  9. Thomas Wilson
  10. The Arte of Rhetorique
  11. Roger Ascham
  12. Richard Mulcaster
  13. Il Cortegiano of Castiglione


XX. The Language from Chaucer to Shakespeare

  1. Fifteenth century changes in vocabulary
  2. Elizabethan English
  3. Growing importance of the vernacular
  4. Conservation and reform
  5. Classical influence
  6. Influence of Romance languages
  7. Literary influence on the vocabulary
  8. Results of loss of inflections
  9. Influences on Elizabethan idiom
  10. Elizabethan pronunciation
  11. Elizabethan English as a literary medium
  12. Its musical resources
  13. Elizabethan and modern English